Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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Eli
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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

Post by Eli »

Love my Baby Brother....

One of the common sights in Laos, especially in the rural areas, is of young girls carrying her young baby brothers. Here is a photo I scanned from the National Geographic magazine May, 1954:
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This sight is depicted on a set of semi-postal stamps designed by Marc Leguay and issued on July 14, 1953. Stamps were issued to raise money for the Red Cross organisation established on :
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Here is a great painting show the same sight, painted by the French painter Jean Despujols (1886-1965) who lived in Indochina for several years. Published in National Geographic magazine in April 1951:
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The Lao-French Painter Marc Leguay (II)

The painter Marc Leguay arrived to Laos in 1936. He stayed at Khong Islands in the south for a decade. In this period he painted mainly Lao landscapes and villages daily-life and designed some French Indo-China banknotes, show native Vietnamese, Cambodian and Lao women.

After World War II, Leguay moved to Vientiane and worked at art school. In 1951, the secretary of Lao post, Prince Souvanna Phouma, asked Leguay to design stamps for the new independent country.

For more than two decades, Leguay designed Lao stamps depicting the beauty of Laos in different aspects: native peoples, culture, art, religion, village's daily-life and Laos's landscapes. His children, wives and girlfriends were sitters in some of his designs. Leguay's beautiful work of art, make the Lao Kingdom stamps very attractive and outstanding among French ex-colonies stamps.

In years 1969-1972, Lao post released four series of airmail stamps show Leguay paintings, all picturing typical scenes show the beautiful of Laos and its people.


Leguay in his studio, LIFE magazine 1959:

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Here are several Leguay paintings on Lao stamps:

Village Daily Life, issued on December 22, 1972:
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Mother and Child, issued on December 22, 1972:
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Village's Elder, issued on December 21, 1970:
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Village Track, issued on December 21, 1970:
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Yaho Hunter, issued on December 15, 1964:

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Postcards sent from Kingdom of Laos franked with stamps show Leguay's paintings "Village Daily Life":

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The Lao-French Painter Marc Leguay (I)

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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Happy International Women's Day - March 8, 2020
ສຸກສັນວັນແມ່ຍິງສາກົນ - 8 ມີນາ 2020
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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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Hmong woman traditional costumes

The Hmong people are an ethnic group in East and Southeast Asia. They are a sub-group of the Miao people, and live mainly in Southern China, Vietnam and Laos.

From Wikipedia:

Many tribes are distinguished by the color and details of their clothing. Black Hmong wear deep indigo dyed hemp clothing that includes a jacket with embroidered sleeves, sash, apron and leg wraps. The Flower Hmong are known for very brightly colored embroidered traditional costume with beaded fringe.

An important element of Hmong clothing and culture is the paj ntaub, a complex form of traditional textile art created using stitching, reverse-stitching, and reverse applique. Traditionally, Hmong designs were ornamental, geometric, and non-representational, being that they did not allude to nor contain any symbols that related to real-world objects, with the occasional exception of flower-like designs. Paj ntaub are created to be sewn on to Hmong clothing as a portable expression of Hmong cultural wealth and identity. The main traditional functions of paj ntaub are in funerary garments, where the designs are said to offer the deceased spiritual protection and guide them towards their ancestors in the afterlife, and for the Hmong New Year celebration. In the new year celebration, new paj ntaub and clothes are made by women and girls as it was seen as bad luck to wear clothes from a previous year, and they would serve as an indicator of the women’s creativity, skill, and even propensity as a successful wife.


Here are several items show Hmong women in their traditional costumes:

Issued on December 15, 1964, designed by Marc Leguay and engraved by André Frères:
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The stamp on a commercial cover. On the right stamp, the woman on the left is also Hmong woman wearing traditional costume:
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Issued on December 22, 1973, designed by Ky Phungchaleun and engraved by Didier Guedron:
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Hmong family in Xieng Khouang, Laos, postcard by Alfred Raquez, 1906;
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Issued on November 9, 1987:
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Issued on October 2, 1992:
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Hmong young girls on Lao phoncards issued 1999 and 2005:
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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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Lao Crafts on the Mekong River, issued by Laos on June 24, 1982:

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Alfred Raquez Postcards issued in 1906:

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Laos is very famous in its delicate art and decorations. Most of Lao temples walls and doors are decorated with delicate geometric designs and with figures represent Lao mythology and Buddhist tradition. For example, many stairs banisters are decorated with Naga dragon which is considered as Mekong river protector as shown on the 0.5K. Stamp. The Lotus flower is another famous Buddhist motive used for decorations as shown on the 8K. stamp. It symbolizes complete purification of the body, speech and mind. Lao people also used to decorate its special silk weaving and cotton fabrics with embroideries of figures and geometric designs.

This set was issued on October 26, 1984 and shows different Lao decorations:

Naga Serpent on Temple Stairs:
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Capital of Column:
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Decorative Panel depicting god:
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Decorative Panel depicting Leaves:
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Stylized Leaves:
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Flower Decoration:
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Lotus Flower Decoration:
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Many Lao stamps and banknotes, especially from the Kingdom period, contain Lao decorations in their sides. Here are examples of a stamp and a banknote with such beautiful Lao decorations.

This stamp, designed by Chamnane Prisayane and engraved by Jean Pheulpin, was issued to commemorate UNESCO building in Paris. Look at the beautiful decorations in the sides taken from Lao temples:
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Banknote of 100 Kip issued in 1957 has decorations of Naga serpent, temple capitals and flower decorations:

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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ສະບາຍດີປີໃໝ່ລາວ 2563!
Sabaidee Pi Mai!! Happy Lao New Year 2563!

Today, April 13, is the first day of three days Lao New Year festival. The first day of the festival is regarded as the last day of the past year, which is now the year of the pig. The second day is regarded as the day between the years and the third day of the festival - as the first day of the coming new year, which now is year of the rat.

So, Goodbye Lao Year of the Pig:
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Welcome Lao Year of the Rat:
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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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Lao Decorative Patterns, issued on July 20, 1988:

Lao scarves decorative pattern:
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Lao hand made scarves known for their beauty and delicate decorations characterize different ethnic groups:
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Decorative pattern for temple doors:
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Decorative pattern for temple walls:
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This stamp depicting different famous Lao temples and has side decorations taken from temple walls:
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Decorative pattern for temple pillars:
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Decorative pattern for skirts:
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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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Phra Wetsandon Buddhist Legend

Jataka refer to legends concerning the previous births of the Buddha as were told by the Buddha himself in his sermons to emphasize certain moral ways of life. One of the important Jataka is a legend telling about the Buddha life prior to his incarnation as a Prince Phra Wetsandon.

The legend tells about the Prince and his family when they went to exile. It was when the father heard that the Prince gave the Kingdom white elephant to nearby country. The Prince and his family suffered a lot in exile and their children were taken to be slaves by the Brahman Xuxouk. When the King heard about his son suffering and merits, he ordered him and his family to come back from exile and rule the Kingdom.


This beautiful set of stamps, tells the story of Prince Wetsandon, was issued by Laos on July 22, 1975:

Prediction of Prince Phra Wetsandon birth:
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In the way to exile:
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God Indra and Prince Wetsandon:
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Prince Wetsandon and his family returning to the Kingdom:
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These stamp images are based on old temple paintings. I don't know from which temple exactly, but many Lao temple are decorated with different versions of these paintings. Here is one from Wat Xieng Ngeun in Vientiane:

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FDC and a commercial cover:

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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Eli wrote:Phra Wetsandon Buddhist Legend

Jataka refer to legends concerning the previous births of the Buddha as were told by the Buddha himself in his sermons to emphasize certain moral ways of life. One of the important Jataka is a legend telling about the Buddha life prior to his incarnation as a Prince Phra Wetsandon.

The legend tells about the Prince and his family when they went to exile. It was when the father heard that the Prince gave the Kingdom white elephant to nearby country. The Prince and his family suffered a lot in exile and their children were taken to be slaves by the Brahman Xuxouk. When the King heard about his son suffering and merits, he ordered him and his family to come back from exile and rule the Kingdom.
This beautiful set of stamps, tells the story of Prince Wetsandon, was issued by Laos on November 17, 1964:

Prince Phra Wetsandon and Nang Matxee:
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Sun god sending his son to Earth:
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Xuxouk the Brahman and his young wife:
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Arresting Xuxouk the Brahman:
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Addressed FDC sent registered to Fresno, USA:

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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Lao Wood Handicrafts

Laos is famous for its delicate handicrafts. Weaving, woodcarving, silver and gold crafting and pottery are traditional handicrafts in Laos. Many daily life instruments are homemade such as fishing nets and equipment, kitchen tools, cloths and shoes, musical instruments, baskets, furniture, jewellery etc. Whole Lao villages may specialize in a particular handicraft and depend economically on selling their handicraft products.

This set was issued on May 10, 2003:
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Here are two postcards from my collection show wood instruments:

Lao wood instruments made by hands, this photo was taken during the Colonial Exhibition held in Paris in 1907:
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I think that this postcard is from the 1910-1920's:
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Lao Traditional Handicrafts, issued by Laos on March 10, 2005:

Numerous crafts have developed over the centuries in Laos, their production aimed initially at domestic use but later being developed to meet the needs of international markets.

The manufacture of household objects from bamboo, rattan and various other types of reed has been practices for centuries, by both the majority Lao community and other ethnic groups. Light, durable and termite-resistant, these objects take many forms, ranging from baskets and containers to furniture, and are now an important industry in their own right.



Warming Plate:

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Paddle:

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Rattan Basket:

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Bamboo Basket:

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A complete set on a cover sent from Laos;

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An illustration shows Lao women in Siam holding rattan baskets, 19th Century, from the chapter "Voyage dans les Royaumes de Siam, de Cambodge, de Laos" by Henri Mouhot, from the French book "Le Tour du Monde" published in 1863:

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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Ho Phra Keo, Vientiane

The Ho Phra Keo ("Image of the Jewel Buddha") temple was built in Vientiane in 1565 by King Setthathirat to house the statue of the Emerald Buddha. This statue was brought from Chiangmai by King Setthathirat after the death of his father, King Phothisarat, when he had to move from Lenna, where he was ruler, to Vientiane.

In 1779, the Siamese army under General Chakri (the future King Rama I) invaded Vientiane, damaged the temple and took and installed the Emerald Buddha statue in Ho Phra Keo, Bangkok. The temple was reconstituted in 1936 and 1942 by Prince Souvana Phouma, the future prime minister of Kingdom of Laos. The Ho Phra Keo houses a museum that exhibits a collection of Buddha statues and antiques found around Vientiane.

Here are several stamps and old photos from my collections:


HPK1.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 571.jpg

HPK3.jpg


Buddha statue from Ho Phra Keo:


HPK4.jpg

HPK5.jpg


Stairs of Ho Phra Keo:


Michel 310.jpg

HPK6.jpg


Kingdom of Laos Banknote;


Kingdom of Laos 31.jpg

FDC 1952 - Phra Keo SB.jpg

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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Lao Art Decorations on the Patuxai (Victory Gate) Ceiling, Vientiane

Patuxai (Lao: ປະຕູໄຊ), literally meaning Victory Gate, is a war monument in the centre of Vientiane, Laos, built between 1957 and 1968. The Patuxai was dedicated to those who fought in the struggle for independence from France. Here is a stamp issued on May 15, 1968 shows the Patuxai gate:

Michel 225.jpg

The ceiling of the Patuxai is decorated with Lao art. The central decoration shows gods Brahma, Vishnu and Indra and Rahu swallowing the Sun. The margins show scenes from Phra lak Phra Ram (Ramayana) epic and other scenes from Lao mythology. Here is a photo of the ceiling taken by Anousone Manisouk. Thanks for the permission to post it:

Patuxay.jpg

Several of the decorations were issued on stamps by the Kingdom of Laos:

Nang Mekhala, goddess of the sea, flies over the stormy sea and save sailors from sunken ships with her magic emerald ring. According to a Laotian legend, Ramasoun, the sea storm demon, combats her forever and try to steal her magic ring. Her image is depicted on a stamp, designed by Ky Phungchaleun, engraved by Claude Jumelet and issued on October 24, 1973:

Michel 368a.jpg

On the Patuxai ceiling’s decoration, Nang Mekhala is depicted with Ramasoun, the sea storm demon:

nang mekhala1.jpg

Rahu is an immortal dragon head that swallows the sun or the moon causing eclipse. His image is depicted on a stamp, designed by Ky Phungchaleun, engraved by Claude Jumelet and issued on February 5, 1971:

Rahu2_zpsgmshkzix a.jpg

The Ramayana epic tells that Hanuman and the monkeys had to build bridge across the sea to move to Lanka in order to rescue Nang Sida. The mermaid Nang Matsa received order from her father Thotsakan, the demon, to disturb the building. When the fish started to remove the bridge stones, Hanuman tried to prevent them and fought the mermaid underwater. During the duel she fall in love with him and ordered to stop destroy the bridge. This scene is depicted on a stamp designed by Ky Phungchaleun, engraved by Roger Fenneteaux and issued on February 5, 1971:

Michel 303a.jpg

Duel between the white monkey and the black monkey, a scene from Phra Lak Phra Ram. This scene is depicted on a stamp, designed by Marc Leguay, engraved by Jean Pheulpin and issued February 19, 1962. Although the stamp and the decoration show the same scene, I am not sure the decoration served as a model to design the stamp:

Michel 115b.jpg

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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The Nāga Dragon

In Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism, the Nāga are divine, semi-divine deities, or a semi-divine race of half-human half-serpent beings that reside in the netherworld (Patala) and can occasionally take human form. They are principally depicted in three forms: wholly human with snakes on the heads and necks, half-human half-snake beings or common serpents (like in Laos). They are common and hold cultural significance in the mythological traditions of many South Asian and Southeast Asian cultures. In Laos, Nāga are believed to live in the Lao stretch of the Mekong or its estuaries. Lao mythology maintains that the Nāga are the protectors of Vientiane, and the Lao state.


Year of the Dragon, issued on January 10, 2012:

Naga 1.jpg

Naga 2.jpg

In Laos, the Nāga are considered as the protectors of the state. Here is a first day postmark shows Nāga serpents protect the Lao coat of arms. The postmark issued on September 16, 1959 and applied to the FDC of the Lao Monarchy set of stamps:

Naga 3.jpg
Naga 3a.jpg


In this banknote of 100 Kip issued in 1957, Nāga serpents protect the King:

Naga 4.jpg


Nāga dragon statues are seen in many temples throughout Laos. Here is a stamp, issued on June 28, 1971 and a photo taken by Maurice Bouton in 1951 show the staircase of Wat Ho Phra Keo in Vientiane:

Naga 5.jpg

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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The Mekong giant catfish

The Mekong giant catfish (Pangasianodon gigas) is a large (about 3 m and 150-350Kg), critically endangered species of catfish (order Siluriformes) in the shark catfish family (Pangasiidae), native to the Mekong basin in Southeast Asia and adjacent China. It is considered Critically Endangered due to accelerating habitat loss. Fishing for the Mekong giant catfish is illegal in the wild in Thailand, Laos, and Cambodia, but the bans appear to be ineffective and the fish continue to be caught in all three countries.

Laos issued several stamps show the giant catfish:


Issued on June 8, 1967, Designed by Sa-Nguan Rodboon and engraved by Roger Fenneteaux:

Michel 208.jpg

The giant catfish is depicted on the commemorative first day postmark:

FDC 1967 Fish a.jpg

IMG_20200802_0004.jpg

Issued on November 8, 1992:

Lao PDR Mi 1966a.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 1967a.jpg

A family member, issued on September 5, 1983:

Lao PDR Mi 672a.jpg

catfish a.jpg

167 A SBa.jpg

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Lao Traditional Woman Costumes

Laos is known for its ethnic group’s diversity. Each group has its own tradition costumes and each Lao region may have particular clothing style. The clothing has classical Laotian figures and geometric designs.

Lao women wear the Phaa Nung, sarong skirt, over a tight-fitting blouse or shirt and Phaa Biang, a wide sash worn across the chest and shoulders. Women from some different ethnic groups dress traditional hats. In special ceremonies and events, Lao women wear traditional silk skirts, blouses and scarves. This set of stamps, issued on February 16, 1973, depicts traditional woman costumes from different regions of the Laos.


Ceremonial woman costume – Attapeu Province:

Michel 354.jpg

Festival woman costume – Phongsally Province:

Michel 355.jpg

Wedding woman costume – Luang Prabang:

Michel 356.jpg

Evening woman costume – Vientiane:

Michel 357.jpg

Commemorative postmark applied in the day of issue shows same design of the Vientiane’s woman:

Laos PM.jpg

Lao married woman from Luang Prabang – Published in “La France Lointaine”, 1929:

Married Woman Costume 1929.jpg

91 SB.jpg

115 SB.jpg

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Funeral of King Sisavang Vong

King Sisavang Vong ruled Kingdom of Laos in years 1904-1959. He died on October 29, 1959 and was buried in Wat That Luang, Luang Prabang. He was succeeded by his son, King Savang Vatthana.

Funeral of King Sisavang Vong, designed by Chamnane prisayane, engraved by Jean Pheulpin and issued of April 29, 1961:

Funeral.jpg

FDC 1961 - Funeral SB.jpg

Here is a photo from the funeral used as a model to design the 4 Kip stamp:

Funeral Sisavang.jpg

10th Anniversary of the Death of King Sisavang Vong, desinged and engraved by Michel Monvoisin and issued on November 19, 1969:

Michel 266 + 267.jpg

King Sisavang Vong's funeral, published in National Geographic Magazine, August 1961:

funeral a.jpg

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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Cockfighting

Roosters possess congenital aggression toward all males of the same species. Hence, the cock fighting, a competition between two roosters, is one of the favorite hobbies in rural areas of Laos. The combatants, known as gamecocks, are specially bred roosters, conditioned for increase stamina and strength. Cocks are given the best of care until the age of two years old. They are conditioned, much like professional athletes prior to event or shows. Wagers are often made on the outcome of the competition. In the last decades, many people oppose this tradition and want to ban it.

This set of stamps was issued by Laos on March 10, 2001:

Lao PDR Mi 1759.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 1760.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 1761.jpg
Lao PDR Mi 1762.jpg

Lao PDR Bl a.jpg

Cockfight.jpg

Cock Cultivation on phonecard:

IMG_20200818_0004.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 175962 a.jpg

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Wildlife Conservation – Lao PDR Program

The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) was founded in 1895 as the New York Zoological Society and currently manages some 800,000 km squares of wild places around the world, with over 500 field conservation projects in 60 countries, and 200 scientists on staff.
The stated mission of the Wildlife Conservation Society is to saves wildlife and wild lands through careful science, international conservation, education, and the management of the world’s largest system of urban wildlife parks. These activities change attitudes toward nature and help people imagine wildlife and humans living in sustainable interaction on both a local and a global scale.

This set and SS, issued by Lao PDR on July 13, 2011, were issued to publicize the Lao PDR program of the WCS. It shows four endangered species of Laos:


Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus):

Lao PDR Mi 2214a.jpg

Tiger (Panthera tigris):

Lao PDR Mi 2215a.jpg

Saola (Pseudoryx nghetinhensis):

Lao PDR Mi 2216a.jpg

Red-shanked Douc Langur (Pygathrix namaeus):

Lao PDR Mi 2217a.jpg

Lao PDR a.jpg

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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Year 1979 was proclaimed by UNESCO as the International Year of the Child. The proclamation was intended to draw attention to problems that affected children throughout the world such as malnutrition, poverty, children exploitation, lack of access to education, children labor etc. Most of the IYC efforts resulted in the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1989. This convention set out the civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights of children. Nations that ratify this international convention are bound to it by international law. Laos had ratified the convention on the rights of the child on May 8, 1991.

To commemorate the Year of the Child, Laos issued two sets and a souvenir sheet, on August 1, 1979 and December 25, 1979. Note that from year 1976, shortly after the fall of the Kingdom and establishment of the Communist Lao PDR, many Lao stamps, like these sets, were printed in Vietnam, hence the bad quality (Others were printed in DDR with a very high quality):

Lao PDR Mi 478a.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 479a.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 480a.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 481a.jpg

Lao PDR Mi Bl 83.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 486.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 487.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 488.jpg

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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40th Anniversary of the UNESCO

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the UN. Its purpose is to promote international collaboration through education, culture and science in order to further universal respect for justice and human rights and fundamental freedom. UNESCO pursues its objectives through five major programs: education, natural sciences, social sciences, culture and communication and information. The projects include literacy, technical and teacher training programs, promotion of independent media, regional and cultural history projects, and promotion of international cooperation agreements to secure the world cultural and natural heritage.

UNESCO was established in 1945. These stamps were issued by the Lao PDR on November 4, 1986 to commemorate the 40th anniversary of this organization. The 3K. Stamp depicts the Wat Phu Champassak which was declared by the UNESCO as World Heritage. Wat Phu is a Buddhist Khmer temple ruins in Champasak province, Southern Laos. It was built in 11th to 13th centuries as part of Khmer empire. This temple considered the holiest religious edifice in southern Laos.


Lao PDR Mi 962a.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 963a.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 964a.jpg

Lao PDR CV6a.jpg

Lao PDR Cv6b.jpg

Early stamp, issued by the Kingdom of Laos on July 7, 1966, commemorates the 20th anniversary of UNESCO:

Michel 189.jpg

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

Post by Eli »

Rocket Festival (Boun Bang Fai)

In the beginning of the rice planting season Lao people celebrating the Rocket Festival (Boun Bang Fai). They launch large Bamboo rockets to symbolically fertilize the clouds and requesting from rain god Phaya Thaen to bring rain. Here are several items show the festival:

Rocket Festival, designed by Marc Leguay, engraved by Claude Jumelet and issued by Laos on May 11, 1975;

Michel 362.jpg

84SB.jpg

Rocket Festival, issued by Laos on July 10, 1991:

Lao PDR Mi 1276.jpg

Phonecard, 1990's:

Rocket Festival.jpg

Rocket Festival, 1960, National Geographic Magazine:

Laos 1960 National Geographic m.jpg

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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Lao Art - Temple Door Wood Carvings

Woodcarving traditionally served as a sculptural art in Laos, and with the spread of Buddhism it assumed an increasingly important role in the production of Buddha images and the carving of temple and palace door frames, pillars, roofs, lintels and decorative friezes. During the Lan Xang era, skilled carpenters were also employed to produce royal thrones, ornate wooden furniture, royal barges and other forms of regal and aristocratic transportation such as palanquins.

The decline in traditional Buddhist practices during the 1970s resulted in the loss of many traditional woodcarving skills within the monkhood which the “UNESCO Cultural Survival and Revival in the Buddhist Sangha Project, Luang Prabang” is currently seeking to revive.

Buddhist woodcarvings from different temples in Laos are depicted in this set of stamps issued on September 17, 2001:

Temple Art 1a.jpg

Temple Art 2a.jpg

Woodcarving on the door of Ongtu temple, Vientiane, issued on March 7, 1967. It shows the wedding of Thao Khatanam and Nang Sida, after he rescued her from the giant ogre:

Michel 248+Photo a.jpg

Many old Lao banknotes are decorated with designs taken from Lao temple woodcarvings:

Laos Kingdom 1962-63 20Kip A.jpg
Kingdom of Laos 23 Wat That.jpg

Laos 1990 Photo 1.jpg

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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World Food Day

World Food Day (WFD) was established by FAO's Member Countries in 1979. WFD provides a reminder of FAO's constant search for a long-term solution to the problem of hunger and poverty in the world. WFD was created with the goal that "food for all" should become a human right for present and future generations.

This set was issued on October 16, 1987 to publicize the WFD and shows agricultural activities in Laos:

Lao PDR Mi 1047.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 1048.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 1046.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 1045.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 1049.jpg

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Today, December 2nd, is the national day of Laos celebrating the 45th anniversary of the establishment of the people's republic. From time to time, Laos issues stamps commemorating its National Day.

On December 2, 1980, a set of four stamps and a souvenir sheet were issued to commemorate the 5th anniversary. The stamps are poorly designed, poorly perforated and printed using bad methods in Vietnam. Despite their bad looks, I like them since they represent the bad time the two countries, Laos and Vietnam, experienced after two decades of terrible war destroyed both countries:

Lao PDR Mi 497.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 498.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 499.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 500.jpg

Lao PDR Mi Bl 86.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 498-500a.jpg

Covers franked with these stamps are very rare and I think I saw a cover or two during the last 20 years since I collect the stamps of Laos.

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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Lao Traditional Woman Costumes, issued on March 8, 2017:

Lao Costume.jpg

Lao Costumes a.jpg

Lao PDR 2017 SS a.jpg

Seems that the SS's designer has no much imagination and probably he copied the figure of the SS's background from Marc Leguay painting "Women been Groomed" (Femme se Parant) depicted on this stamp issued by the Kingdom of Laos on December 25, 1969. What do you think?

Michel 268.jpg

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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The Lao People’s Revolutionary Party
The Lao People’s Party (LPP) was officially proclaimed on March 22, 1955. In February 1972, at the Second Party Congress, the name of the Lao's People's Party was changed to the Lao People's Revolutionary Party (Phak Pasason Pativat Lao).The party has its origins in Indochinese Communist Party (ICP) founded in 1930 by Ho Chi Minh. The ICP was Vietnamese but grew throughout French Indochina and founded a small section in Laos in 1936. In 1947, the ICP recruited Lao people, among them Kaysone Phomvihane and Nouhak Phoumsavan.

Later, the Pathet Lao was founded and headed by Souphanouvong. The Pathet Lao was a communist movement that fought along side the Viet Minh against the French Colonialism and, later, against the Lao Royal Government. The LPP and its successor the LPRP kept their existence secret until 1975 preferring to direct its activities through fronts such as the Pathet Lao.

In 1956, a legal political wing of the Pathet Lao, the Lao Patriotic Front (Neo Lao Hak Xat) was founded and participated in several coalition governments. In the 1960’s the Pathet Lao were given tasks in Vietnamese occupied areas of Laos. The Pathet Lao, supported by North Vietnam, participated in the war against USA. In 1973, a peace agreement was signed that brought the Pathet Lao into the government and was supposed to result in the Vietnamese leaving the country. The Vietnamese army did not leave. In early 1975, the Pathet Lao and North Vietnamese army began attacking government outposts again. In the spring of 1975, the Pathet Lao forces consolidated their power throughout the country. The Lao Royal government fell in May 1975 and the LPRP took power. On taking power, the LPRP showed itself to be closely connected to Vietnam. The LPRP signed a treaty of friendship which allowed Vietnamese army units to base themselves in Laos and also brought political advisors from Vietnam into the country.
To commemorate the 25th Anniversary of the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party, Laos issued on 30/May/1980 these stamps, printed in Vietnam in a very low quality of printing and perforation. Covers franked with these stamps are very rare.

Lao PDR Mi 489a.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 490a.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 491a.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 492a.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 489-92.jpg

Lao PDR Mi Bl 84.jpg

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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Wat Xieng Thong, Luang Prabang (I)

Wat Xieng Thong ("Temple of the Golden City") was built in 1559-1560 by the Lao King Setthathirath in Luang Prabang. It is one of the most important of Lao monasteries and remains a significant monument to the spirit of religion, royalty and traditional art.

Wat Xieng Thong served as a royal temple under the patronage of the royal family (until the creation of the LPDR), created alongside Wat Keo and Wat That Luang. It functioned as a place for kings to be crowned, a place of worship for monks and the laity, a shrine to Buddhist relics, a celebration space of religious rites and festivals, a library for ancient scripts, and a showcasing of traditional architecture.

The Wat Xieng Thong is depicted on three stamps with identical design of the first set issued by independent Laos on November 13, 1951. Stamps were engraved by René Cottet:

Michel 4.jpg

The original photo used to design the stamp was taken by R. Tétart in 1919. I scanned it from a French magazine about Laos issued in 1929:

Wat Xieng Thong 1929.jpg

Cover franked with all three 1951 stamps from the first set show the Wat Xieng Thong, sent from Savannakhet in 1957. Very hard to find covers from this period franked in Savannakhet, since most of the covers are from Vientiane and Luang Prabang:

62 SB.jpg

Wat Xieng Thong on a stamp issued on January 10, 1970:

Michel 272.jpg

Banknote issued in 1954 by the "Institute of the States of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam" (Institut d'Émission des États du Cambodge, du Laos et du Vietnam):

Indo China #100 B HR.jpg

Tha gate of Wat Xieng Thong on a postcard issued around 1910:

Wat xieng Thong.jpg

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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Rice Cultivation in Laos

Rice is a staple and is the main crop in Laos as in other South-East Asian countries. Rice is so important in Laos, so the meaning of the Laotian verb "Kin-Khao" (to eat) is "to absorb rice". Here a set of stamps, designed by Marc Leguay, engraved by Jean Pheulpin and issued on July 22, 1957 accompanied with old postcards and photos from my collection:

Rice Harvesting, with color proofs:

Michel 66.jpg

Rice Assay.jpg

Rice Cooking:

Michel 67.jpg

Rice 3.jpg

Rice Polishing:

Michel 69.jpg

Mortar 1.jpg

Rice Winnowing:

Michel 68.jpg

Design based on a photo of Leguay's wife, Van Sy, and his daughter Eliane, published in 1951 in LIFE magazine:

Rice 1.jpg

This stamp was issued by Laos on February 5, 2010 and its design is probably based on the 1957 stamp:

Lao PDR Mi 2153.jpg

FDC 1957 - Rice Cultivation SB.jpg

Rice 2.jpg

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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Buddha Statues from different Lao Temples in Luang Prabang, issued by Laos on October 4, 2003:

Lao PDR Mi 1899.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 1900.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 1901.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 1902.jpg

Lao PDR Mi Bl 192.jpg

Postcard of old Buddha Statue of Wat Manoram, Luang Prabang during the French Colonial Era:

Grand Buddha Wat Manoram LPB.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 1899-1902a.jpg

Lao PDR CV.jpg

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Laos's flora, as other South-East Asian countries flora, is rich in tropical fruits trees. Part of them, like palm trees, is grown wildly in the forest and open areas of Laos which cover 80% of the country. Other tropical fruits trees, such as Mangoes, Bananas and Watermelons, are grown and cultivated by farmers and comprised part of Lao agriculture productions. Some Lao natural beverages and spices are made of tropical fruits like Tamarind as well as many Lao recipes includes them. In many Lao religious festivals, peoples used to decorate Buddha statues inside temples with flowers and fruits.

Here are two different fruit sets, one from the Kingdom period and the second, from the Republic period:

Issued on October 3, 1968 by the Kingdom of Laos: Mangoes, Tamarind, Jack Fruit and Watermelon:

Michel 240.jpg

Michel 241.jpg

Michel 242.jpg

Michel 243.jpg

Issued on August 8, 2003 by the Lao PDR: Mango, Watermelon, Custard-apple (Annona) and Pineapple:

Lao PDR Mi 1891.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 1892.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 1893.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 1894.jpg

FDC 1968 - FruitsA.jpg

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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Mulberry Cultivation and Silk Production in Laos

More than 3,000 years ago, the Chinese discovered that silk could be harvested and woven; the knowledge later spread along the Silk Route to other parts of the world. Silk was introduced to Laos when the Tai-Lao peoples migrated from their ancestral lands in Southern China into present-day Laos, bringing with them the knowledge of silk cultivation, dyeing, and weaving on upright wooden looms.

Natural silk is produced by silkworms that spin fine filaments into cocoons. Usually, the silkworms are growing on mulberry leaves; hence many farms in Laos cultivate mulberry trees for silk production, as depicted by this set of stamps issued on April 22, 2013:

Lao PDR Mi 2230.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 2231.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 2232.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 2233.jpg

Lao PDR Mi Bl 239.jpg

This stamp, issued by the Kingdom of Laos on July 7, 1970 shows Lao woman boiling cocoons in a pot producing silk, designed by Ky Phungchaleun and engraved by Roger Fenneteaux:


Michel 290.jpg

70 SB.jpg

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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The Lao People's Army

The Lao People's Army is the name of the armed forces of Lao PDR, who are charged with defense of the country. The Lao People's Army was developed from the Pathet-Lao armed forces, the Communist movement that fought against the Royal Lao Government and took control in 1975.

Here are two sets showed the Lao People's Army. The first was issued on September 15, 1978:

Lao PDR Mi 458a.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 459a.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 460a.jpg

These stamps, together with other stamps from the early 1970's, were reissued overprinted in years 1982 and 1985. These overprinted stamps became very rare and the most expensive Lao stamps. Here is a cover franked with one of them (on the back):

CV Lao PDR 3A SB.jpg

CV Lao PDR 3B.jpg

Second set was issued on January 20, 1989:

Lao PDR Mi 1131a.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 1132a.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 1133a.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 1134a.jpg

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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Today I had a nice surprise! I went with my little daughter to a city near Tel-Aviv in Israel to buy her a car. While waiting in the garage to check the car, I noticed on the wall a painting of the Yao (Yaho) people from Laos! I beg to the garage manager to sell it to me, but he refused so I left with it in my cellphone. Here it is: 🙁

1.jpg

The Yao people belongs to the Lao Sung (High Lao), the Hill people and minority cultures of Laos. The lowland-living Lanten of Laos, who speak Kim Mun, and the highland-living Iu Mien of Laos are two different Yao groups. In addition to Laos, Yao also live in northern Vietnam (where they are called Dao), China and Myanmar. Here are several stamps and postcards show the Yao people:

15.jpg

21.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 1653.jpg

CV Yao 1.jpg

Michel 147.jpg

Yao People.jpg

Colorized postcard:

Yao.jpg

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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Wat Phya Wat, Vientiane

I added to my collection a postcard, probably from the French colonial era in Laos, shows the 16th century Buddha statue in the ruins of Wat Phya Wat, Vientiane. This Buddha statue used as a model for the artist and designer Marc Leguay to design the stamp representing Serenity.

Serenity (Passaddhi) – In Buddhism, Passaddhi refers to tranquility of the body, speech, thoughts and consciousness on the path to enlightenment. As part of cultivated mental factor, passaddhi is preceded by rapture and precedes concentration.

Phya Wat Photo and Stamp.jpg

This stamp is one of a set of four stamps about Buddhism elements issued by the Kingdom of Laos on November 5, 1957. Here is it on a circulated cover:

11SB.jpg

Page 14 - Elements of Buddhism.jpg

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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Here are more from the beautiful set of women from different Lao ethnic groups issued during years 2000-2002:

13.jpg

14.jpg

16.jpg

17.jpg

23.jpg

26.jpg

30.jpg

Lao PDR CV 36.jpg

Lao PDR FDC.jpg

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The last group of the stamps shows women from different Lao ethnic groups issued during years 2000-2002:

18.jpg

19.jpg

20.jpg

22.jpg

24.jpg

27.jpg

28.jpg

29.jpg

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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King of Laos Monuments

This set of stamps shows Lao Kings monuments in Vientiane, issued by Lao PDR on June 12, 2014 (From left):
King Fa Ngum Monument
King Saya Sethathirath Monument
King Chao Anouvong Monument

Kings of Laos.jpg

Kings of Laos Ss.jpg

A nice registered cover sent from Laos to Germany, franked with two complete sets and cancelled with the first day postmark:

Kings of Laos CVa.jpg

The first day postmark applied also on the back. I try to identify this monument:

Kings of Laos PM.jpg

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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Masks of the Phra Lak Phra Ram (Ramayana) Ballet Players

This set shows several masks used by the Phra Lak Phra Ram (Ramayana) ballet players for more than a century. The ballet band still performing the Ramayana epic in Luang Prabang and Vientiane. The set was issued by Laos on November 10, 1997:

Lao PDR Mi 1609.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 1610.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 1611.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 1607-11.jpg

Two ballet players during the Kingdom of Laos period. I think the character on the back is Thotsakan (Ravana) the demon:

plpr.JPG

Sunken die proof of the stamp shows ballet player wearing a mask of Hanuman monkey god, signed by the engraver Jean Pheulpin. The actual stamp was issued in 1955:

C15.jpg

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

Post by Sark »

Eli Hi

Great to see so many Laos stamps being illustrated. Keep up the great work.

Just a small suggestion for your post of 3 June 2021 above ref the Lao Handicraft issue. The 1000k stamp depicts what I have always known to be a small traditional table. More recently I have seen them used to make design layouts of product in shops and produce fairs etc but traditionally when the family are all sat on the floor to eat a meal this type of table would be in the middle, and used to keep the food off the ground to make the it both more accessible to humans and out of temptation to any little visitors scurrying along the floor!

The 2000k is a general-purpose knife in a bamboo (or similar type of wood) sheath. Sizes vary but I have seen them used in the garden, fields, and sometimes tucked into a scarf style waist band or belt for carriage. The splayed end to the sheath making it easier to return the blade to its sheath and to keep it tucked into the belt.

The basket on the 2500k stamp presumably has a specific purpose but I don’t know what.

The container featured on the 5500k stamp is for food, specifically (I think) cooked Sticky rice, though I am sure that there are many other alternatives.

Keep up the great work.

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

Post by Eli »

Thank you very much, Sark, for your useful comments!! especially the comment about the 2000 Kip stamp which looks like general-purpose knife in a bamboo sheath rather than the description I copied from the catalogue (Paddle). I will update the album page of this set.

To mark the 50th anniversary of the first Europa stamps, Laos issued this set and SS on December 1, 2005. Stamps show famous sites in Europe and in Laos:

Notre-Dame de Paris, France and Pha That Luang, Laos:

Lao PDR Mi 1978.jpg

Coliseum, Rome, Italy and Wat Phu Champasak, Laos:

Lao PDR Mi 1975.jpg

Trier Cathedral, Germany and Wat Phra Keo, Vientiane, Laos:

Lao PDR Mi 1977.jpg

Stonehenge, GB and Plain of Jars, Laos:

Lao PDR Mi 1973.jpg

Knossos, Crete, Greece and Patuxay Gate, Vientiane, Laos:

Lao PDR Mi 1974.jpg

Lom Stave Church, Norway and Wat Xieng Thong, Luang Prabang, Laos:

Lao PDR Mi 1976.jpg

Issued also imperforate. Here is the imp SS:

Lao PDR Mi Bl 194 a.jpg

Page 245 - Europa Stamps.jpg

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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Lao Traditional Carts (II)

Carts dragged by domesticated animals, as elephants and buffaloes, are traditional means of transportation, especially in the rural areas of Laos. Here are several items depicting traditional carts pulled by buffalo.

A set issued on August 21, 1996:

Lao PDR Mi 1531.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 1532.jpg

Lao PDR Mi 1533.jpg

Old photo shows traditional carts in Savannakhet, Laos:

Lao Carts Savannakhet.jpg

Stamp designed by Marc Leguay, engraved by Jean Miermont and issued on July 1, 1960:

Michel 107.jpg

A banknote of 100 Kip shows traditional cart - 1974:

Kingdom of Laos 32.jpg

More items see here: Traditional Carts (I)

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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Lao Herbivore Fauna, issued on September 15, 1990:

Barasingha (Cervus duvauceli):

Lao PDR Mi 1227.jpg

Gaur (Bos gaur):

Lao PDR Mi 1228.jpg

Wild Water Buffalo (Bubalus arnee):

Lao PDR Mi 1229.jpg

Kouprey (Bos sauveli):

Lao PDR Mi 1230.jpg

Javan Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus):

Lao PDR Mi 1231.jpg

Natural view in Laos on a banknote 0f 1000 Kip issued 2008:

Lao PDR 28.jpg

Plowing with Buffalo in Laos, photo from National Geographic, January 1960:

Laos 1960 National Geographic b OP.jpg

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

Post by King Tut »

That last picture may be 1960 but it isn't all that non-contemporary. Up until 10 years ago my wife's family up in their village in Samneua (northern Laos) still used the buffalo to plow the rice fields. Now they use a little "tractor".

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

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Fight against Malaria

Malaria is an infectious disease caused by Plasmodium parasites, which is transmitted via infected Anopheles mosquitoes. In the human, the parasites infected red blood cells causing fever, headache and vomiting. If not treated, Malaria can become life-threatening by disrupting the blood supply to vital organs. Interventions to control Malaria include treatment with anti-parasites therapies, use of insecticidal nets and spraying with insecticide to control the Anopheles vector. Malaria disease is widespread in Africa, South America and Asia subtropical regions. Laos, as the rest of South-East Asian countries, is infected by Malaria, especially the rural regions. Thousands of Malaria cases, mostly of children under 5 years old, are reported each year in Laos.

On October 21, 1960, at the 26th session of the World Health Organization, it was proposed that countries will issue stamps in order to help fund the "global program for the eradication of Malaria" and increase world-wide publicity and education about the fight against Malaria. 144 postal administrations issued stamps, souvenir sheets and slogans. Among them was the Kingdom of Laos that issued on July 19, 1962 this set of stamps and souvenir sheet.

Michel 121.jpg

Michel 122.jpg

The World Health Organization logo fights the Anopheles mosquito vector and the slogan: "The world united against Malaria" ("Le monde uni contre le Paludisme"):

Michel 123.jpg

Michel Block 28.jpg

57SB.jpg

FDC 1962 - Malaria SB.JPG

Imperforate stamps:

Imp.jpg

One more stamp about Malaria eradication was issued by Lao PDR on April 7, 1992:

Lao PDR Mi 1302a.jpg

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

Post by austrahose »

Maybe someone can help me here. I have been looking around different sites and can see no reference to any stamps being issued by Laos in 2020. All I can find is last stamps issued in 2019 as per attachment.
Attachments
Laos 2019.PNG

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Re: Laos on Stamps - The People and the Land

Post by Eli »

Hello austrahose,

In the past, I used to published all new issues by Laos. But since my collection ends in about 2016-2017, I don't publish here the the new issues any more. But the association I am a member (Association Internationale des Collectionneurs de Timbres-poste du Laos - A.I.C.T.P.L) publishes in its journal, PHILAO, all new issues by Laos. In PHILAO number 123, from June 2021, there is a note that no stamps were issued during 2020 due to the pandemic. I will see if this correct and will update in case they issued stamps during 2020.

Note 2020.jpg

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