Mythologies of the World on Stamps

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Eli
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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

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Greek Mythology Stamps - The Three Fates (Moirai)

The Three Moirai(The Fates) were the three goddesses of destiny in Greek mythology. They were Clotho, Lachesis and Atropos.

They controlled the life and destiny of everyone. Clotho spins the thread of life (begins a person's or creature's life), Lachesis measures it (looks at the how long it currently is), and Atropos cuts the thread. When the thread is cut the person dies. The Moirai are capable of destroying an immortal.

The three Fates, detail from "The destiny of Marie de Medici", by Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640), issued by Antigua and Barbuda in 1993:

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This stamp depicting similar legend from Slavic Mythology: The Three Sudička (“Fates”)

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Hindo Mythology Stamps - Different Versions of the Ramayana Epic

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), established in 1967, is a geo-political and economic organisation of ten countries located in Southeast Asia.

On January 25, 2018, India issued a sheet of 11 stamps to commemorate the 25th anniversary of ASEAN-India Dialogue Partnership. In general, the stamps depicting the linkage between the culture and religion of each one of the countries and India. Most of the stamps show different versions of the great Hindu epic - the Ramayana. Here they are:

Cambodia - attack of the monkey warriors on Kumbha Karna, the brother of the demon Ravana:

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Laos - Hanuman monkey-god, the servant of Lord Rama from the Lao version of the Ramayana called Phra Lak Phra Ram:

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Myanmar - Lord Rama and his wife Sita in the Burmese version of the Ramayana called Yama Zatdaw:

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Philippines - the scene depicting is a form of a famous dance, the Singkil, derived from the Darangen, the local version of the Ramayana:

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Indonesia - the Indonesian version of the Ramayana is called Kakawin Ramayana and it was probably written during the Medang Kingdom (732-1006):

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Thailand - stamp depicting the traditional Khon dance-drama that derived from the Ramakien, an adaption of the Ramayana. In the upper right is the Hanuman monkey-god mask:

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India - Lord Rama, hero of the Ramayana epic, on Patham katha, cloth-based scroll painting from Andhra Pradesh:

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Issued as a sheet:

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The other four stamps representing Vietnam, Singapore, Malaysia and Brunei with different themes link to India.

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

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Greek Mythology Stamps - The Abduction of Europa

Europa was a Phoenician beautiful princess, for whom the continent Europe was named. Zeus fell in love with Europa and decided to abduct her. He transformed himself into a tame white bull and mixed in with her father's herds. While Europa and her friends were gathering flowers, she saw the bull, caressed his flanks, and eventually got onto his back. Zeus took that opportunity and ran to the sea and swam, with her on his back, to the island of Crete.

Detail from "The Abduction of Europa" by Paolo Veronese (1528 – 1588) depicting Europa, issued by Paraguay:

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Europa riding the Bull, issued by GB on May 15, 1984 to publicise the second election for the European Parliament:

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"European Award" given to municipalities promotes the ideal of the European Union – Meter from Germany, 1965:

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When they landed, Zeus revealed his true identity, crowned Europa as a Queen of Crete and named the continent Europe after her name.

"Europa sitting in her Willow Tree", Silver coin from Gortyna, Crete, circa 360 BCE, issued for use in Crete on February 15, 1905:

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Zeus later re-created the shape of the white bull in the stars, which is now known as the constellation Taurus.

Taurus, issued for use in the Gilbert Islands (Kiribati) on February 20, 1978 as one of a set of "The Night Sky over the Gilbert Islands":

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Greek Mythology Stamps - Hephaestus (Vulcan), god of fire

Hephaestus (Roman: Vulcan) was the god of fire, metalworking, stone masonry, forges and the art of sculpture. He was the son of Zeus and Hera and married to Aphrodite (Venus) by Zeus to prevent a war of the gods fighting for her hand. He was a smithing god, making all of the weapons for Olympus and acting as a blacksmith for the gods.

Hephaestus, issued by Greece on September 20, 1951 as one of a set commemorating Marshal Plan:

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"Vulcan's Forge" by Luca Giordano (1634-1705), Hermitae Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia, issued by Ghana on March 18, 2004 celebrating 300 years of St. Petersbutg:

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Hephaestus (Vulcan) and the Cyclopes forging the shield of Achilles (Detail), Antique bas-relief, Rome, issued by Greece on February 10, 1969 to publicize the 50th anniversary of the ILO:

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The complete view of the bas-relief shows Hephaestus (Vulcan) and the Cyclopes forging the shield of Achilles, to the left, goddess Athena, to the right, goddess Hera:

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"The Forge of Vulcan" by Diego Velazquez (1599-1660). The image shows god Apollo visits Vulcan (Hephaestus) in his forge to tell him that his wife, Venus, having an affair with Mars, god of war, in his bedroom, issued by Rwanda on December 31, 1969 as one of a set publicising the 50th anniversary of the ILO:

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Buddhist Mythology Stamps - The Reamker

Reamker is a Cambodian epic poem, based on the Sanskrit's Ramayana epic. The name means "Glory of Rama". It adapts the Hindu ideas to Buddhist themes and shows the balance of good and evil in the world. Like the Ramayana, it is a philosophical allegory, exploring the ideals of justice and fidelity as embodied by the protagonists, King Rama and Queen Sita.

Characters of the Reamker Royal Ballet Dancers, issued by Kingdom of Cambodia on April 13, 2006. Stamps depicting:
1000R - Jup Leak and Jup Ream (Lava and Kusha), children of Rama and Sita
1400R - Preah Ream (Lord Rama)
1600R - Neang Seda (Sita), wife of Lord Rama
1900R - Krong Reap (the demon Ravana)
2100 - Hanuman monkey god, servant of Lord Rama

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Greek and Roman Mythology Stamps - “Venus blindfolding Cupid”

“Venus blindfolding Cupid” by Tiziano Vecellio (1488-1576), depicting Venus blindfolding the eyes of her son, Cupid, god of love and desire, while two nymphs bringing him his bow and arrows. By doing so, Cupid is unable to recognise the person who would fall in love.

“Venus blindfolding Cupid”, issued by San Marino on June 16, 1966:

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Don’t like to post sand dune stamps, but this one from Ras Al Khaima is the only one I have depicting the complete painting:

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“Venus blindfolding Cupid” (Detail, different painting than above), by Tiziano Vecellio and his follower, issued by Bhutan on February 15, 1989 to commemorate the 500th anniversary of the birth of Tiziano Vecellio:

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

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Buddhist Mythology - Kabilaprom and his seven daughters

Here are the stamps issued by Thailand on April 7, 2016 depicting Kabilaprom and his seven daughters. You can read the legend here.

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Đông Hồ Folk Woodcut Paintings

Dong Ho woodcut painting is a line of Vietnamese folk painting originating in Đông Hồ village in Bắc Ninh Province, circa 500 years ago.

One of the famous paintings depicting the Vietnamese legend about "Rat's wedding (Đám cưới chuột)". It is believed that the painting is a satirical painting against the corrupt society due to the fact that if the groom (the male rat) had wanted to receive the bride (the female rat), he would have bribed the big cat, symbolising the feudal class, with fish and bird so that the cat allowed the male rat to meet his wife in the procession to receive the bride.

Here is the "Rat's Wedding" Đông Hồ painting, issued by North Vietnam on January 30, 1972:

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Similar painting made by a Chinese artist appears on this stamp issued by China on January 18, 2009 as one of the set zhangzhou muban nianhua (zhangzhou woodprint) celebrating the Chinese New Year. This set issued also as SS depicting the "Rat's Wedding" on the margin:

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

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Here is an image of a stamp depicting both the planet Neptune, and Neptune, the ancient Roman god of the sea, designed and combined engraved by French artist Pierre Albuisson (1952- ) and photogravure, and issued by Monaco on October 14, 1996 to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the discovery of the planet, Scott No. 2014, plus an image of the velificans mosaic of Neptune in his seahorse-drawn triumphal chariot (mid-3rd century AD, Sousse Archaeological Museum) which was a model for this stamp's design.

- nethryk


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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

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The religion of the Urartu civilization, which flourished principally in ancient Armenia from the 9th to 6th century BC, was a mix of indigenous, Hurrian and Mesopotamian gods and symbolism. Here is an image of a stamp depicting a 7th century BC statue of Waroubini, the goddess of science and crafts in Urartian mythology, and the modern Orgov Radio-Optical Telescope, printed by lithography, and issued by Armenia on May 12, 1993, Scott No. 434.

- nethryk


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Roman mythology Stamps
Venus (Aphrodite) - goddess of Love and Beauty

Here are three SS's show different paintings of Titian (1488-1576), all relating to Venus, goddess of Love and Beauty. The SS's issued to celebrate 500th birth anniversary of Titian.

Venus and Adonis, issued by Grenada Grenadines on June 15, 1988:

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The Prado Venus (Detail), issued by Bhutan on February 15, 1989:

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Festival of Venus (Detail), issued for use in Redonda (for use by whom??) on June 6, 1988:

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

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Here is an image of an airmail stamp depicting Pegasus, the winged horse in Greek mythology, designed by French artist Paul Bret (1902-1956), engraved by Raoul Serres (1881-1971), and issued by Monaco on April 15, 1942, Scott No. C5.

- nethryk


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Greek Mythology Stamps - Daedalus and Icarus

Daedalus, Icarus’s father, was a skillful craftsman and artist. He created the Labyrinth on Crete, in which the Minotaur (part man, part bull) was kept. Daedalus was shut up in a tower to prevent his knowledge of his Labyrinth from spreading to the public. He could not leave Crete by sea, as Minos, King of Crete, kept strict watch on all vessels, permitting none to sail without being carefully searched. Since Minos controlled the land and sea routes, Daedalus created wings for himself and his young son Icarus to fly from the island.

Daedalus creating the wings, issued by Suriname in 1978. This design based on an antique bas-relief, Villa Albany, Rome:

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Daedalus tied feathers to himself and to his son, Icarus, and secured them with wax. When both were prepared for flight, Daedalus warned Icarus not to fly too high, because the heat of the sun would melt the wax, nor too low, because the sea foam would soak the feathers. Daedalus and Icarus had passed Samos, Delos and Lebynthos by the time Icarus, forgetting himself, began to soar upward toward the sun. The blazing sun softened the wax and the wings came off. Icarus quickly fell in the sea and drowned. His father cried, bitterly lamenting his own arts, and called the land near the place where Icarus fell into the ocean Icaria in memory of his child.

Icarus flying close to the sun, issued by Gabon on June 10, 1970. Design based on S. Denis-Courty illustration and engraved by Claude Haley:

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Icarus, issued by Greece on May 20, 1991 as part of Europa set of two stamps about "European Aerospace".

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by sksondhi1 »

Hi! Eli,

After visiting this thread, I decided to collect Hindu Mythologies on stamps. I learned many interesting facts from this thread. I will post my stamps on this topic in future.

Satish

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

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sksondhi1 wrote:Hi! Eli,

After visiting this thread, I decided to collect Hindu Mythologies on stamps. I learned many interesting facts from this thread. I will post my stamps on this topic in future.

Satish
Hello Satish,

Good news!!! I very glad this thread triggered you to collect Hindu Mythologies stamps and I will be happy to see your stamps. Later, I will see what I have double so I can send you. Meanwhile, here are several new stamps in my collection about the Ramayana, the Great Hindu epic:

Rama shoots an arrow to the deer, which is actually Maricha the demon sent by Ravana to isolate Sita in order to abduct her, Panel of Ramayana reliefs, Prambanan Temple, Indonesia, issued by St. Vincent and Grenadines on August 16, 1993:

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Lord Rama and his brother Lakshmana, Indian art 1630-1638, issued by Togo in 2013:

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Temple of Lakshmana, India, issued by Togo in 2013:

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These two stamps were issued as a part of a set about Indian Art:

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Regards

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

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Greek Mythology Stamps
Danae and Zeus

Danae was daughter of King Acrisius of Argos. Her father was advised by Oracle that his daughter's son would kill him. So, he shut Danae up in a tower, but Zeus, father of the gods, came to her in a form of golden rain and impregnated her. Danae gave birth to Perseus who, later, killed his grandfather Acrisius as the Oracle predicted. Perseus became one of the Greek heroes.

Several artists painted Zeus as a golden rain impregnates Danae. Here are two famous paintings by Titian and Correggio:

"Danae and Zeus" by Titian (1488-1576), issued by Soviet Union on November 25, 1982 as one of a set entitled "Italian paintings in Hermitage museum":

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Another version of the above painting by Titian, slightly different, issued by Paraguay on December 16, 1970 as one of a set entitled "Paintings of the Prado Museum":

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Detail of the above painting from the Prado, shows Danae's maid trying to catch the golden particles, issued by Bhutan on February 15, 1989 to commemorate the 500th anniversary of the birth of Titian:

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"Danae and Zeus" by Correggio (1489-1534), issued by Manama (Don't like to post Sand dune stamps, but it is the only item I have shows the complete painting):

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Detail of the above painting by Correggio, issued by Nicaragua on May 17, 1984 to commemorate the 450th anniversary of the death of Correggio:

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Please note that Titian painted another famous version of painting depicting Danae and Zeus, which I posted earlier. To see it and other stamps depicting Danae, see here:

Danae and Zeus by Rembrandt and Titian

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by sksondhi1 »

I am unable to upload images on this thread from imgur . Every time I get the following message:

It was not possible to determine the dimensions of the image.

Need help.

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by sksondhi1 »

Hindu Mythology


Hinduism has three main deities, namely Lord Brahma (the creator), Lord Vishnu (the protector) and Lord Shiva (the destroyer). As Lord Vishnu’s role is to protect the universe, whenever evil forces become stronger than good forces and there is need to restore Dharma (righteousness), Lord Vishnu incarnates and eradicates the evil forces and restores dharma.
Lord Vishnu


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Nepal, 1959

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Nepal 1971

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Thailand, 2009

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French India 1948

Thanks Eli for helping in uploading of images.

Satish

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

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Hindu Mythology


Dasavatara -I

The word Dasavatara derives from daśa, meaning 'ten' and avatar (avatāra), meaning 'incarnation' of Lord Vishnu.

India Post, released a set of eleven commemorative postage stamps on July 27th, 2009, based on Orissa School of printings, personifying the first chapter of Jayadeva’s (poet) Geeta Govinda singing the 'Dasavatar' (Ten incarnations) of Lord Vishnu.


The ten incarnations of Lord Vishnu are:

1. Matsya Avatar ( fish)

Matsya was the first avatar of the Lord Vishnu in the form of a fish in the earliest yuga (era) of Sata-yuga (1.728 millions year). Matsya is depicted as a giant fish, or anthropomorphically with a half-human torso connected to the rear half of a fish.

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India 2009

Lord Vishnu predicted that the world would come to an end by a huge flood in seven days and requested the king Vaivasvata Manu to build a huge boat and take the seven sages (hermits), seeds of all plants, one animal of each type in the boat(similar to Biblical Noah). He told him that he would appear as a fish to propel the boat to Mt Himavan for surviving the flood to the next yuga(era).

2. Kurma Avatar (tortoise)

Kurma was the second avatar of the Lord Vishnu in the form of a tortoise in Sataya-yuga.

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India 2009

When the devtas (gods) and asuras (demons) were churning the ocean of milk in order to get amrita (the nectar of immortality), the mount Mandara they were using as the churning staff started to sink and Lord Vishnu took the form of a tortoise to offer his back to serve as a pivot to rest the mount.
The churning yielded amrit (nectar) which asuras took control of it. Here, Lord Vishnu took the form of a beautiful apsara and managed to take the nectar bowl with him and gave it to devtas. Thus devatas eventually got powerful.

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Churning the ocean of milk Cambodia 2001

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Apsara Indochina 1943


Srikurmam temple, situated in the village near Srikakulam, it is the only temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu in the avatar of Kurma i.e. tortoise.

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India 2013

3. Varaha Avatar (boar)

The third avatar of Lord Vishnu is the Varaha Avatar [Varaha meaning “boar” in Sanskrit] which he took in the Satya-yuga. In this avatar Lord Vishnu incarnated as a Boar to protect the earth.

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India 2009

In Hindu mythology, when the demon Hiranyaksha tormented the earth (personified as the goddess Bhudevi) and its inhabitants, Bhudevi was sank into the primordial waters. Vishnu took the form of the Varaha, descended into the depths of the oceans to rescue her. Varaha slew the demon and retrieved the Earth from the ocean, lifting Bhudevi on his tusks, thereby restoring her place in the universe.

- to be continued

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

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Dasavtara - II

4. Narasimha Avatar (man-lion, the last animal and semi-human avatar)

Narasimha was the fourth avatar of the Lord Vishnu in the form of a half-man/half-lion in satya yuga.

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India 1974

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Venda 1988

The rakshasa (demon) Hiranyakashipu was granted a powerful boon from the Lord Brahma, not allowing him to be killed by man or animal, inside or out, day or night, on earth or the stars, with a weapon either living or inanimate.

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Antigua & Barbuda 2013

Lord Brahma

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Fr. India 1952

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Laos 1974

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Thailand 2009

Lord Vishnu descended as an anthropomorphic incarnation, with the body of a man and head and claws of a lion. He then disembowel the rakshasa at the courtyard threshold of his house, at dusk, with his claws, while he lay on his thighs.

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India 2009

- To be continued

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

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Narasimha Avatara

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Shree Lakshmi Narasimha Temple, dedicated to incarnation of Lord Vishnu, was built by the Hyasalas in the early 13th century. It is located in Bhadravathi town, Shivamogga district of Karnatka state. The basic building material is soap stone.

-to be continued

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

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Hindu Mythology


Dasavtara - III

5. Vamana Avatar (Dwarf)

Vamana was the fifth avatar of the Lord Vishnu in the form of a dwarf man in Treta yuga (0.864 – 1.296 millions year).

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Vishnu as Vamana Avatar, Nepal 1984

Lord Vishnu descended as the Vamana avatar to restore the authority of God Indra over the heavens,which was taken by King Mahabali (the noble demon king). Vamana went to Mahabali to request three paces of land and the king consented. Vamana then revealed his true identity and enlarged into gigantic proportions to stride over the three worlds. He stepped from heaven to earth with the first step and from earth to the netherworld with the second step. King Mahabali was unable to fulfill his promise, offered his head for the third. Vamana then placed his foot and pushed the king into Pataal lok (underworld). He then declared King Bali, the ruler of Pataal lok, and returned the heaven to Gods.

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God Indra, Antigua & Barbuda 2013

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Vamana pushing the demon king into Pataal Lok, India 2009


- to be continued

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

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Hindu Mythology


Dasavtara - IV

6. Parashurama (Warrior with an Axe)


Parashurama was the sixth avatar of Lord Vishnu in Treta Yuga. Born as a Brahmin (Hindu priestly caste), Parashurama turned into a warrior after the murder of his parents by Kshatriya (the warrior caste) and is often regarded as a Brahmin-Kshatriya.

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Cambodia 1995

He was devotee of Lord Shiva and he received a Parshu (a weapon, axe) from Lord Shiva as a boon, thus the name Parshurama was given to him.

Lord Shiva

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Nepal 1907

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Thailand 2009

The Kshatriya class, with weapons and power, had begun to abuse their power, take what belonged to others by force and tyrannize people. Parashurama corrects the cosmic equilibrium by destroying these Kshatriya warriors with the axe.

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India 2009

Parashurama is the only one of the traditional avatars that is not the direct descent of lord Vishnu.


-to be continued

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

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Roman Mythology Stamps - Arachne

Arachne was a weaver who boasted that her skill was greater than that of goddess Minerva (Athena) and refused to admit that her knowledge came from the goddess. Minerva set a contest between her and Arachne and was so envious of the tapestry and the mortal weaver's success. The angry Minerva destroyed the tapestry, slashed Arachne face and turned her into a spider (Arachne) that continue to weave up to these days.

Arachne punished by Minerva, by Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640), SS and stamp issued by Bhutan on February 20, 1991 to mark the 350th anniversary of the death of Rubens:

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Do you know what is the relation between this painting and Arachne story?

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by sksondhi1 »

Hindu Mythology

Dasavtara - V

7. Rama Avatar (Prince/King of Ayodhya)

Rama was the seventh avatar of God Vishnu in Treata Yuga.

Lord Rama is a commonly worshiped avatar in Hinduism, and is thought of as the ideal heroic man. His story is one of the most widely read scriptures of Hinduism, the Ramayana (intensively covered by Eli in his earlier posts in this thread).

Rama

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Lord Rama and Sita Nepal 1967

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Lord Rama Thailand 1998

While in exile from his own kingdom with his brother Lakshman for 14 years, his wife Sita was abducted by the demon king of Sri Lanka, Ravana. He then traveled to Ashoka Vatika (or vanam) in Lanka, killed the demon king with the help of God Hanuman, saved Sita and freed many human beings captured by Ravana.

Ravana

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Thailand 1975

Hanuman

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Thailand 1975



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Lord Rama killing Ravana, India 2009

Lord Rama, Sita and God Hanuman
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India 2017

- to be continued

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

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Hindu Mythology

Dasavtara - VI

8. Balarama (Philosopher & Guide)


Balarama was the eighth avatar of Lord Vishnu in Dwapara Yuga (0.432 - . 0.864 millions year).

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Lord Balrama Indonesia 1974

Balarama is also known as Baladeva, Balabhadra and Halayudha. The first two epithets refer to his strength; the last two associate him with Hala (plough) from his strong associations with farming and farmers, as the deity who used farm equipment as weapons when needed. He was the elder brother of Lord Krishna, the ninth avatar of Lord Vishnu. Some school of thought replaces him by Krishna as eighth avatar and instead adds Buddha as ninth avatar.


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Lord Balarama India 2009

- to be continued

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Egyptian Mythology - god Apedemak, the War god of Kush, and the Lion Temple in Musawwarat, Sudan

Apedemak was a lion-headed warrior god worshiped by the Meroitic peoples inhabiting Nubia. It was considered the war god of Kush and Kushites believed that Apedemak brought victories to their armies and defeated their enemies. When Kushite pharaohs carried out military campaigns, they often claimed the support and companionship of Apedemak.

Musawwarat es-Sufra is a large Meroitic temple complex in modern Sudan, dating back to the early Meroitic period of the 3rd century BC. This complex include the Lion temple erected by King Arnekhamani and dedicated to Apedemak. The Lion temple bears inscriptions in Egyptian hieroglyphs and representations of elephants and lions on the rear inside wall as well as reliefs of Apedemak depicted as a three-headed god on the outside walls.


Archaeological Excavations in Lion temple in Musawwarat by German Archaeologists from Humboldt University, issued by Germany (East) on June 23, 1970:

god Apedemak:

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god Arensnuphis:
Arensnuphis is a deity from the Kingdom of Kush in ancient Nubia, first attested at Musawwarat el-Sufra in the 3rd century BC. His mythological role is unknown. he was depicted as a lion and as a human with a crown of feathers and sometimes a spear.

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King Arnekhamani:

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gods Amon, Shu and Tefnut:
Amon was a Sun god and the King of gods. goddess Tefnut is a deity of moisture, moist air, dew and rain in Ancient Egyptian religion. Shu, spouse and brother to goddess Tefnut, was the god of peace, lions, air, and wind.

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Prince Arka:

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War elephants and prisoners of war:

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Herd of Cattle:

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Colombian Myths and Legend (I)

Colombia has traditional myths and folk tales and stories about legendary creatures, which are transmitted orally and passed on to new generations. Some of them are common with other Latin American countries. The Colombian folklore has strong influences from Spanish culture, with elements of African and Native American cultures.

A beautiful set about Colombian myths and legends was issued by Colombia on December 6, 1995 shows four different myths and legends


The Hombre Caiman, or Alligatorman, is a mythic creature that possesses both Alligator and human features. This myth is particularly popular in Plato, Magdalena, especially in rural and less populated areas. He is said to have been a fisherman converted by the spirit of the Magdalena river into an alligator, that returns every year on St. Sebastian´s day to hunt human victims:

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The Madremonte (Mother of the forest) or Marimonda is usually regarded as protective of nature and the forest animals and unforgiving when humans enter their domains to alter or destroy them. She can be identified with Mother Nature and Mistress of the Animals.

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The Llorona or the Weeping Woman is the ghost of a woman crying for her dead children that she drowned. Her appearances are sometimes held to presage death.

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The Moan is a forest and river creature that protects the forests, steals women and disturbs fishing and hunting activities.

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Chinese Mythology Stamps - Great Innovations and Discoveries (I)

The PR of China issued on August 6, 2019 a set of six stamps depicting mythical Chinese inventors and their innovations. Here are the first three of them.

Suiren Producing Fire by Drilling in Wood:
Suiren is credited as a culture hero who introduce humans to the production of fire and its use for cooking

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Fuxi's Drawing the Trigrams:
In Chinese mythology, Fuxi is seen as mankind’s first male ancestor, a cultural hero, and one of the most benevolent gods in Ancient China. Fuxi is credited with creating several innovations that benefited humanity like the invention of the writing system, fishing, and the domestication of animals.

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Shennong Tastes Hundreds of Species of Herbs:
Shennong, also known as the Emperor of the Five Grains, was a legendary ruler of China and cultural hero. He has taught the ancient Chinese not only their practices of agriculture, but also the use of herbal drugs since he has tasted hundreds of herbs to test their medical value. The most well-known work attributed to Shennong is The Divine Farmer's Herb-Root Classic.

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Chinese Mythology Stamps - Great Innovations and Discoveries (II)

Leizu and the Origins of Chinese Silk
Leizu is a legendary figure in Chinese history credited with the discovery of silk and the invention of the silk loom. While she was having tea in the imperial gardens, a cocoon fell into her tea and unraveled. She noticed that the cocoon was actually made from a long thread that was both strong and soft.
Leizu then discovered how to combine the silk fibers into a thread. She also invented the silk loom that combined the threads into a soft cloth. Soon Leizu had a forest of mulberry trees for the silkworms to feed on and taught the rest of China how to make silk.


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Cangjie Creating Chinese Characters
Cangjie is a legendary figure in China, claimed to be an official historian of the Yellow Emperor and the inventor of Chinese characters. Read the legend here.

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Yu the Great Taming the Waters
Yu the Great was a legendary ruler in ancient China who was famed for his introduction of flood control. He personally travelled the entire country with a select group of aides to study geography, measure elevation, and mark down river channels. He worked alongside the common people to dredge the riverbeds, which opened up river courses and allowed floodwaters to drain into the ocean. He also built a system of canals so the waters could irrigate the farmers’ fields.

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Mythological Scenes on Velazquez Paintings
Eli wrote:Arachne was a weaver who boasted that her skill was greater than that of goddess Minerva (Athena) and refused to admit that her knowledge came from the goddess. Minerva set a contest between her and Arachne and was so envious of the tapestry and the mortal weaver's success. The angry Minerva destroyed the tapestry, slashed Arachne face and turned her into a spider (Arachne) that continue to weave up to these days.

Do you know what is the relation between this painting and Arachne story?

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Well, the answer is that in the complete painting, the painter, Diego Velazquez (1599 – 1660), painted the spinners working in a hall decorated with a painting of Arachne punished by Minerva. Here is the complete painting on a stamp issued by Spain in 1938:

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This stamp issued in a souvenir sheet contains five stamps show paintings by Diego Velazquez:

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More two stamps show mythological events:

"The Forge of Vulcan". The painting shows god Apollo visits Vulcan (Hephaestus) in his forge to tell him that his wife, Venus, having an affair with Mars, god of war, in his bedroom:

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"The feast of Bacchus" or "the triumph of Bacchus", depicting Bacchus, god of the grape harvest and wine, surrounded by drunks:

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Greek Mythology Stamps - Scenes from Heracles (Hercules) Life

Heracles was a divine hero in Greek mythology, the son of Zeus and Alcmene. He was the greatest of the Greek heroes, a paragon of masculinity and a champion of the Olympian order against chthonic monsters. In Rome and the modern West, he is known as Hercules.

Here is a group of stamps shows scenes from Heracles life:

Hera, Zeus wife, sent two giant snakes into the chamber of the infant Heracles and his twin brother Iphicles. The later cried from fear, but Heracles grabbed a snake in each hand and strangled them. He was found by his nurse playing with them on his cot as if they were toys.

"The Infant Hercules struggling Serpents in his Cradle", painting by Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia. Issued by Ghana on March 18, 2004 to celebrate the 300th anniversary of the Hermitage museum:

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"The drunken Hercules", painting by Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640), issued by East Germany on June 28, 1977 to celebrate the 400th anniversary of the birth of Rubens:

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First day cover sent registered from East Germany to Israel:

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Heracles was driven mad by Hera, Zeus wife, and slew his own six sons. Hence, the oracle Pythoness advised him to reside at Tyrins and serve King Eurystheus for twelve years, performing whatever labor might beset him; in return, he would be rewarded with immortality. Indeed, Eurystheus ordered Heracles to perform twelve labors. The first Heracles' labor was to fight the lion monster lives in Nemea.

"Hercules and the Lion", stone-relief (I have no information about it), issued by Syria on November 15, 1947 to publicise the first Arab archaeological congress:

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

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Hindu Mythology - The Mahabharata Epic

Mahabharata is an epic narrative of the war of Kurukshetra between the Pandavas and Kauravas. India Post released 18 stamps on Mahahbharata in the form of a sheetlet on 11 Nov. 2017.

#1 Lord Krishna, regarded as an avatar of Lord Vishnu in his cosmic form. He narrated the Bhagavad Gita to Arjuna during the Kurukshetra war when the later loses his will to fight.
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#2 Birth of Karna.
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#3 Draupadi's Swayamvar
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#4 The five Pandavas with their wife Draupadi. Yudhisthira, the eldest of the Pandavas was crowned king after the war and Draupadi became the queen.
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#5 Draupadi, wife of the Pandavas.
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#6 The infamous game of dice where Yudhisthira loses everything.
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#7 Rock carving from Halebidu, Karnataka depicting Arjuna during Draupadi's swayamvar. Arjuna hit the eye of a rotating fish by looking at its reflection below on water to win the Archery contest.
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#8 Rock carvings from Mahabalipuram, Tamilnadu depicting Arjuna's penance to attain divine weapons.
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#9 Pandavas and Draupadi during their years in exile after they lost in the game of dice.
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#10 Bhishma, Dhritarashtra and Vidur trying to avert the great war.
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#11 Krishna on the right with Sudarshan Chakra, a divine weapon.
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#12 Rock carving from Halebidu, Karnataka depicting the Abhimanyu's, Arjuna's 14 year old son, entry to infamous military formation Chakavyuha. He eventually died after he was ambushed inside by 7 great warriors from Kauravas side.
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#13 Bhisma lying in a bed of arrows.
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#14 Rock carving from Halebidu, Karnataka depicting Arjuna, the skillful archer in his chariot and Lord Krishna as his charioteer.
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#15 Arjuna nocking a devastating fire arrow.
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#16 An important battle during the war involving Gatotkacha, Bhima's son.
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#17 Karna using his most powerful weapon to defeat Gatotkacha who was wreaking havoc among the Kaurava ranks.
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#18 Lord Krishna as Arjuna's charioteer.
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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by sksondhi1 »

Hindu Mythology

Dasavtara - VII

9. Lord Krishna (Philosopher & Guide)


Lord Krishna was the ninth avatar of Lord Vishnu in Dwapara Yuga.

Lord Krishna is widely worshiped deity in Hinduism and an avatar in Vaishnava belief. In traditions that omit Lord Krishna, he often replaces Lord Vishnu as the source of all avatars and adds Lord Buddha as the ninth avatar.

Krishna

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Krishna Indonesia 1974

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Nepal 1966

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India 2017

Krishna plays a pivotal role in the epic Mahabharata. Mahabharata deals with more down to earth issues like politics, human nature, and human weaknesses. It is essentially the story of war between two groups of cousin brothers, the Kauravas and Pandavas. Krishna expounded various philosophies as guidelines for life, which are known as the Bhagwad Gita, one of the most revered texts of Hindu philosophy. Lord Krishna guided Pandavas to kill the evil Kauravas (Durodhana and his forces).

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Cambodia 1961 Krishna

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Bhagwad Gita India 1976

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Gita Updesh (preaching) special postmark

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Pandavas Indonesia 2012

Krishna is also considered to be an ultimate playboy who was responsible for charming all Gopis (girls) around him.

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Guyana 1969

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Tanzania 1999

- to be continued

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

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Hindu Mythology

Dasavtara - VIII

Kalki Avatar (the Warrior )


In Hinduism, Kalki (meaning destroyer of evil) will be the tenth avatar of the Lord Vishnu, foretold to appear at the end of Kali-yuga.

In Kalki Avatar, Lord Vishnu will incarnate himself as KALKI, the machine-man, who will come riding his white horse and with his blazing sword in his hands. He will punish all evil doers in this world, destroy this world and recreate a golden age (Satya -yuga) again.

Kalki is the last of the avatars of Lord Vishnu.




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India 2009

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The four Yugas


According to the Surya Siddhanta (a text book of Indian Astronomy), Kali-yuga began at midnight (00:00) on 18 February 3102 BCE. This is also considered the date on which Lord Krishna left the earth to return to Vaikuntha(celestial home of Lord Vishnu).


Krishna's departure marks the end of Dwapara-yuga and the start of Kali-yuga, which is dated to 17-18 February 3102 BC. That means Kali-yuga is started only 5121years ago.

Jayadeva (c.1200, the poet), who wrote Geeta Govinda
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The sheetlet

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FDC

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Information Brochure

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Concluded

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The Iliad - The great Greek epic by Homer - Part IV

The Iliad - The great Greek epic by Homer - Part I
The Iliad - The great Greek epic by Homer - Pert II
The Iliad - The great Greek epic by Homer - Part III

The Greek and the Trojan armies approach each other and war started. In the fighting, Diomedes kills many Trojans, including Pandaros, and defeats Aeneas, the trojan hero, whom Aphrodite rescues, but Diomedes attacks and wounds the goddess. Apollo faces Diomedes and warns him against warring with gods. Many heroes and commanders join in, including Hector, the Trojan prince, and the gods supporting each side try to influence the battle.

Aeneas carried his father Anchises and his son Ascancius when they escaped from Troy, after it has been burned by the Greek army, issued by Italy on April 7, 1960 to publicize the World Refugee Year:

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Hector takes the armor from his parents Priam and Hecuba, issued by Greece on December 19, 1983:

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Hector duels with Ajax, one of the Greek heros, son of King Telamon, but nightfall interrupts the fight, and both sides retire. The Greeks agree to burn their dead, and build a wall to protect their ships and camp, while the Trojans quarrel about returning Helen. Paris offers to return the treasure he took and give further wealth as compensation, but not Helen, and the offer is refused. A day's truce is agreed for burning the dead, during which the Greeks also build their wall and a trench.

Achilles and Ajax, issued by Greece on December 19, 1983:

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The Trojan hero Hector fights the Greek hero Ajax, the son of King Telamon, issued by Greece on December 19, 1983:

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The next morning fighting begins anew. The Trojans prevail and force the Greeks back to their wall. Meanwhile, the Greeks are desperate and sends an embassy to offer Briseis and extensive gifts to Achilles if only he will return to the fighting. Achilles and his companion Patroclus refuse the offer and declares that he would only return to battle if the Trojans reached his ships and threatened them with fire. The Trojans attack the Greek and many fall on both sides including Patroclus which was wounded and later killed by Hector.

Achilles tending the wounded Patroclus, Attic red-figure kylix, c. 500 BC, Berlin Museum, Germany, issued by Greece on September 21, 1959 to publicize the International Red Cross Congress:

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The Iliad - The great Greek epic by Homer - Part V

Hector takes Achilles' armor from the fallen Patroclus, but fighting develops around Patroclus' body. Achilles is mad with grief when he hears of Patroclus' death and vows to take vengeance on Hector. He is urged to help retrieve Patroclus' body but has no armour. At Thetis' request, Hephaestus fashions a new set of armor for Achilles.

Hephaestus (Vulcan) and the Cyclopes forging the shield of Achilles (Detail), Antique bas-relief, Rome, issued by Greece on February 10, 1969 to publicize the 50th anniversary of the ILO:

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The next day, Agamemnon gives Achilles all the promised gifts, including Briseis, but Achilles is indifferent to them. Achilles drives his chariot into battle.

Briseis returned to Achilles by Nestor, painting by Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640), the Prado museum, Madrid, Spain, issued by Bhutan on February 20, 1991 to mark the 350th anniversary of the death of Rubens:

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Driving the Trojans before him, Achilles cuts off half their number in the river Skamandros and proceeds to slaughter them, filling the river with the dead. Achilles chased Hector, and after a brief duel, Achilles killed Hector, took his body and dishonours it by dragging it behind his chariot.

Achilles slaying Hector, sketch by Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640), Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam, the Netherlands, issued by Bhutan on February 20, 1991 to mark the 350th anniversary of the death of Rubens:

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Dismayed by Achilles' continued abuse of Hector's body, Zeus decides that it must be returned to Priam. Priam went into the Greek camp unnoticed. He begs for his son's body. Achilles is moved to tears, and the two lament their losses in the war. After a meal, Priam carries Hector's body back into Troy. Hector is buried, and the city mourns.

Priam asks Achilles for the the return of the body of the dead Hector, issued by Greece on December 19, 1983:

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by yakub99 »

amprantino wrote:Without being 100% sure, I think is Artemis , daughter of Zeus

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artemis

The rest of the stamps depict animals, items or fruits
This is Demeter - the goddess of the harvest and agriculture, presiding over grains and the fertility of the earth.

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This is Demeter - the goddess of the harvest and agriculture, presiding over grains and the fertility of the earth.
yacub99,

I believe you are talking about this stamp:

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Greek Mythology Stamps - The Maenads

Maenads are the female followers of Dionysus, god of wine, and the most significant members of the Thiasus, the god's retinue. Their name literally translates as "raving ones".

Maenad, Mosaic from Zuegma, Turkey, issued by Turkey on July 5, 2005:

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Maenad and Centaur, Mosaic from Paphos (detail from the mosaic shows the procession of Dionysus), Cyprus issued by Cyprus on December 29, 1989:

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The equivalent of the Maenads in Roman mythology are the Bacchantes, the priestesses of Bacchus, the god of wine and intoxication. Here is a stamp issued by Antigua and Barbuda in 1991 shows detail from the painting "Bacchanal" by Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640):

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Mosaics of the Paphos Archaeological Park (I)

Paphos Archaeological Park contains the major part of the important ancient Greek and Roman City and is located in Paphos, southwest Cyprus. Its sites and monuments date from prehistoric times through the Middle Ages. Among the most significant remains so far discovered are four large and elaborate Roman villas: the House of Dionysos, the House of Aion, the House of Theseus and the House of Orpheus, all with superb preserved mosaic floors show Greek mythological figures. On December 29, 1989, Cyprus issued a set of 15 definitive stamps show the mosaics, several of them I already posted in many posts in this thread. Here is the first 8 of them, the rest I will show next time. Descriptions on the stamps:

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Winged Victory of Samothrace
The Winged Victory of Samothrace, also called the Nike of Samothrace is a marble Hellenistic sculpture of Nike (the Greek goddess of victory), that was created in about the 2nd century BC. It is one of the most celebrated sculptures in the world. H.W. Janson described it as "the greatest masterpiece of Hellenistic sculpture".
discovered in 1863, dating 200–190 BC, from Parian marble.
It might have been carved by the Rhodian sculptor Pythocritus.
The statue is 244 centimetres (8.01 ft) high. It was created not only to honour the goddess, Nike, but probably also to commemorate a naval action.
Greece issued on 1968 this wonderful stamp :
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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by yakub99 »

Several countries issued the Winged Victory of Samothrace.
Cambodia on 1990 :
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Italy on 2002 :
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Zambia on 1997 :
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Mali on 1973 :
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Paraguay on 1967 :
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Grenada on 1980 :
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France on 2007 :
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Uruguay on 1945 :
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Uruguay on 1965 stamp and block:
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Uruguay on 1977 :
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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by yakub99 »

This is the greek stamp from the previous post :
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and here are two from france (1937):
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Oedipus was a mythical Greek king of Thebes. A tragic hero in Greek mythology, Oedipus accidentally fulfilled a prophecy that he would end up killing his father and marrying his mother, thereby bringing disaster to his city and family.
The story of Oedipus is the subject of Sophocles' tragedy Oedipus Rex, which is followed in the narrative sequence by Oedipus at Colonus and then Antigone. Together, these plays make up Sophocles' three Theban plays.
In this myth there is sub-myth of OEDIPUS AND THE SPHINX :
On his journey to Thebes, Oedipus encountered a Sphinx, who would stop all travelers to Thebes and ask them a riddle. If the travelers were unable to answer her correctly, they would be killed and eaten; if they were successful, they would be free to continue on their journey. The riddle was: "What walks on four feet in the morning, two in the afternoon and three at night?". Oedipus answered: "Man: as an infant, he crawls on all fours; as an adult, he walks on two legs and; in old age, he uses a 'walking' stick". Oedipus was the first to answer the riddle correctly and, having heard Oedipus' answer, the Sphinx allowed him to carry on forward.

A sphinx is a mythical creature with the head of a human and the body of a lion , and sometimes the wings of a bird. The best known painting of Oedipus and the sphinx is by the French Neoclassical artist Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres. Originally a student work painted in 1808, it was enlarged and completed in 1827.

Dahomey issued on 1967:
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Ajman issued on 1970 :
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Another painting in on an old bowl by vatican on 1983:
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Cyprus issued on 1980 An ivory plaque from salmis that shows the sphinx:
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Laurence Olivier on his most celebrated role was Sophocles's Oedipus. A stamp from sierra leone - 1990:
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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by Eli »

Thank you very much, Yaakov (yakub99), for your great contributions, both for stamps and excellent descriptions. Several of the stamps are new to me and are now in my want list. Hope to see more in the future, especially new themes that never posted in this thread.

Shalom, Eli


Mosaics of the Paphos Archaeological Park (part II)

Here is the second part of the set shows mosaics from Paphos issued by Cyprus on December 29, 1989. Descriptions are written on the stamps:

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by yakub99 »

I forgot two important stamps regarded edipus.

Romania issued on 2011 the 75 anivarsary of the opera oedipus by george enescu.
He dedicated this opera to Maria Tescanu Rosetti his wife.
Enescu's only opera, Œdipe (Oedipe), was staged for the first time at the Royal Opera House in London in 2016, 80 years after its Paris premiere, in a production directed and designed by La Fura dels Baus which received superlative reviews in The Guardian, The Independent, The Times and other publications.


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The second one is from central africa , a block issued in 2013 , a painting by Gustave Moreau ,
Oedipus and the Sphinx (oil on canvas) that was first exhibited at the French Salon of 1864 where it was an immediate success. It is now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The work was a fresh treatment of the established subject of the meeting between Oedipus and the Sphinx on the road to Delphi.

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sksondhi1
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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by sksondhi1 »

What happened to images posted on this thread using Imgur?

Satish

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yakub99
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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by yakub99 »

Hi sksondhi1 !
If you mean the greek stamps from 1968, I am showing it in the post from 26/10.

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sksondhi1
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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by sksondhi1 »

Okay. Thanks Yakub.

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