Mythologies of the World on Stamps

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Eli
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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

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Greek Mythology Stamps
Dionysus - god of Theatre

Dionysus is well known as the god of the grape-harvest, wine making and wine. In addition, he is regarded also as a god of fertility, ritual madness, religious ecstasy, and theatre. Performance art and drama were central to his religion in ancient Greece, and its festivals were the initial driving force behind the development of the theatre.

The Theatre of Dionysus Eleuthereus is a major theatre in Athens, considered to be the world's first theatre, built at the foot of the Athenian Acropolis. Dedicated to Dionysus, the god of plays and theatre.

To mark the 2500 anniversary of the Greek theatre, Greece issued on May 26, 1966 this set shows Dionysus and his theatre:

god Dionysus in dance performance, painting on Athenian amphora decorated c. 490 BC by Kleophrades, Munich Museum, Germany:

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Dionysus in a Thespian chariot, vase painting, 500-480 BC:

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Theatre of Dionysus Eleuthereus, Athens:

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Theatre mask from Piraeus, c. 400 BC:

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Greek Mythology - Orpheus
Orpheus is a legendary musician, poet, and prophet in ancient Greek religion. Some ancient Greek sources note Orpheus' Thracian origins. The major stories about him are centered on his ability to charm all living things and even stones with his music (the usual scene in Orpheus mosaics), his attempt to retrieve his wife Eurydice from the underworld, and his death at the hands of those who could not hear his music.

Orpheus mosaics are found throughout the Roman Empire, normally in large Roman villas. The scene normally shown is Orpheus playing his lyre or cithara, wearing a Phyrgian cap, often beside a tree, and attracting birds and animals of many species to gather around him.

Cyprus issued on 1989 an Orpheus mosaic from Paphos (3rd century a.d.):

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Spain issued on 1976 for 2000 years of Saragossa - an Orpheus mosaic.

This is an example of the exquisite decorative taste and wealth of high society in the ancient Caesar Augusta city (Saragossa).This large mosaic presided over the flooring of a triclinium, or main room, of an important domus in Cesaraugusta.
The different coloured tesserae sets are sublimely laid in the mosaic, favouring exuberant iconography of the mythical figure of Orpheus playing a zither.
It has been dated between the start of the 2nd and 3rd centuries A.D.

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Kosovo issued her first stamp (no. 1) to the Orpheus mosaic found in the municipality of Podujeva.
The Mosaic of Orpheus in nowadays is in the National Museum of Belgrade and has not yet been returned to the parent museum, the Museum of Kosova From the most important findings in Vindenis.

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Antigua & Barbuda issued a block on 1987 the painting of Chagall " The myth of Orpheus":

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The most famous story in which Orpheus figures is that of his wife Eurydice. While walking among her people, the Cicones, in tall grass at her wedding, Eurydice was set upon by a satyr. In her efforts to escape the satyr, Eurydice fell into a nest of vipers and suffered a fatal bite on her heel. Her body was discovered by Orpheus who, overcome with grief, played such sad and mournful songs that all the nymphs and gods wept. On their advice, Orpheus traveled to the underworld. His music softened the hearts of Hades and Persephone, who agreed to allow Eurydice to return with him to earth on one condition: he should walk in front of her and not look back until they both had reached the upper world. He set off with Eurydice following, and, in his anxiety, as soon as he reached the upper world, he turned to look at her, forgetting that both needed to be in the upper world, and she vanished for the second time, but now forever.

Sirra leone issued a block on 1988 the painting of Tiziano "Orpheus and Eurydice" from 1508:
In a pastoralic landscape the tale is told by two stages : In front left the death of Eurydice and on the right Orpheus looks back and lose he forever.

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The opera L'Orfeo by Claudio Monteverdi :
L'Orfeo sometimes called La favola is a late Renaissance/early Baroque favola in musica, or opera, by Claudio Monteverdi, with a libretto by Alessandro Striggio. It is based on the Greek legend of Orpheus. It was written in 1607 for a court performance during the annual Carnival at Mantua. L'Orfeo is the earliest that is still regularly performed.

Sweden issued on 1973 this step from the opera :

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Italy issued on 1967 for 400 years to the birth of Claudio Monteverdi:

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The last one is from Greece on 2000 - There is cofusion between Orpheus and the good shepherd and we can see that Orpheus was also used in Early Christian art as a symbol for Christ.

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Greek Mythology Stamps - Sculptures and Stone Carvings of the Parthenon

The Parthenon is a former temple on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece, dedicated to the goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron. Construction began in 447 BC when the Athenian Empire was at the peak of its power and was completed in 438 BC. The Parthenon is regarded as an enduring symbol of Ancient Greece, Athenian democracy and Western civilisation and one of the world's greatest cultural monuments. To the Athenians who built it, the Parthenon are seen fundamentally as a celebration of Hellenic victory over the Persian invaders and as a thanksgiving to the gods for that victory.

The Parthenon housed many stone sculptures and carvings, many of them show characters from the Greek mythology. This set of stamps, issued by Greece on March 15, 1984 shows several of them, created by Phidias and all are exhibited in....yes, British Museum in London:

Dionysus, god of wine and grape-harvest:

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Hestia, Dione and Aphrodite:

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Ilissos, god of the river:

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Lapith and Centaur:

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Head of one of the horses that drew the chariot of the moon goddess Selene or Nyx, goddess of the night:

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To publicise the 3rd UNESCO conference held in Beirut, a set of 10 stamps with 4 different designs was issued by Lebanon on November 23, 1948. The designs depicting Mythic scenes connected to Lebanon. Since it was an international conference, the stamps represent East and West and Lebanon. I have no information about the models used to design these stamps:

Helios riding the chariot of the Sun. This stamp represents the East, where the Sun is rises:

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The abduction of Europe by Zeus as a bull. Princess Europe was abducted from the shore of Lebanon. This stamp represents the West:

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goddess Minerva (Greek: goddess Athena), the Roman goddess of wisdom. On the stamp, a Roman inscription: "Berytus Legum Nutrix" means Beirut the mother of laws, a title that emperor Justinian gave to the city of Beirut:

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Avicenna (Ibn Sina) (980 – 1037), Persian physician, astronomer, thinker and writer of the Islamic Golden Age and the father of modern medicine:

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

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two stamps of Orpheus that I missed from the last post. The first one is from Luxemburg 1977 at the festival of Wiltz, the opera of Gluck "Orpheus and Eurydice".

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The second one is from Greece 2010 a modern painting of Nikos Engonopoulos (1907-1985) which show Orpheus and Eurydice and Hermes on the right side which is recognized by the wings from the ankles and the hat.

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Myths and Legends of Samoa Islands

Samoan myths and legends carved on a wood, issued by Samoa I Sisifo on September 20, 1971:

3 Sene: Queen Salamasina - is perhaps the most famous female figure in all of Samoan social history. She descended from several powerful royal bloodlines and held the four papā titles which lent her the paramount status of Tafa‘ifā.

8 Sene: How Samoa got its name - Chief Tupufanua married Sulumauga, the daughter of Manaletagaloa. They had a son who they named Lu. It is from Lu that the name Samoa originated. In the village of Uafoto in Fagaloa Bay, Upolu, Lu had a "sa-moa" -- a preserve of hens laid under a taboo. He had them guarded by his servants. No one was allowed to eat any of the hens. One day the Tagaloalagi clan came from the eastern islands and stole Lu's sacred hens. He pursued them with great slaughter all the way to Malae totoa - the place of rest. There Tagaloa said to Lu, "Lu, look at the Tagaloalagi clan that lie defeated at your feet, have mercy on them as they are about to enter the Malae totoa. Here, I will give you my daughter Lagituaiva as a wife for the price of the Tagaloalagi clan." Lu was satisfied with this and said, "Very well the Tagaloalagi people shall live." Lu married Lagituaiva and they had a son who they named Samoa in memory of his sacred fowls.


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10 Sene: The Creation of the Samoa Island - Tagaloa is the supreme ruler of the Samoans, the creator of the universe, the chief of all gods and the progenitor of other gods and humans. Tagaloa dwelt in space and created the sky, the land, the seas, the trees, the islands and the people. Among the islands created by Tagaloa, was the island of Samoa which he fished from the sea

22 Sene: Mount Vaea and the Pool of Tears - Samoans believe Mount Vaea is the petrified remnant of a warrior who married a Fijian princess. She bore him a child whom she wanted to take back to Fiji. She was so long away and he stood so still watching for her return that he turned to stone, and when she did finally come back, she embraces his unmoving form and the two shed such an abundance of tears as to form a stream and fill the pool below.

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

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Mt Vaea is where Robert Louis Stevenson is buried. He lived in Samoa. The Samoas gave him the name "Tusitala", which means story teller. His house, Vailima, is now a museum.

RLS is buried on the very top of the mountain.
Fellowship of Samoa Specialists is not just for specialists: http://www.samoaexpress.org/" onclick="window.open(this.href);return false;
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Thank you very much, MrSamoa, for the additional information.
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Greek Mythology Stamps - Helios, the Personification of the Sun

Helios (Roman: Sol) is a personification of the Sun. He was imagined as a handsome god crowned with the shining aureole of the Sun, who drove the chariot of the Sun across the sky each day to earth-circling Oceanus and through the world-ocean returned to the East at night.

Helios, image probably based on ancient coin, issued for use in the Aegean Islands in 1912:

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The Dodecanese, (literally "twelve islands") are a group of 15 larger plus 150 smaller Greek islands in the southeastern Aegean Sea, off the coast of Asia Minor (Turkey), of which 26 are inhabited. Τhis island group generally defines the eastern limit of the Sea of Crete. They belong to the wider Southern Sporades island group. One of the seven wonders of the ancient world, Helios statue (the colossus of Rhodes), was built in the Island of Rhodes, one of the main islands of the Dodecanese.

Following the WWII, the islands became a British military protectorate, and were almost immediately allowed to run their own civil affairs, upon which the islands became informally united with Greece, though under separate sovereignty and military control. Despite objections from Turkey, which desired the islands as well, they were formally united with Greece by the 1947 Peace Treaty with Italy, ending 740 years of foreign rule over the islands especially Ottoman and Italian rule.

To celebrate the unification of the Dodecanese Islands with Greece, a long set was issued in several parts during 1947-1950. Three of the stamps show the above stamps of Helios issued in 1912 for the Aegean Islands (only the values were changed to the actual values):

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Here is the FDC of the 1948 stamps used in Rhodes. The commemorative postmark shows the same Helios image as on the stamps:

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The complete 1948 set on the FDC (note the 1000 D. stamp shows the Colossus of Rhodes):

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I posted many stamps show Helios and the Colossus of Rhodes in this thread. Here are two previous posts:

Helios - the personification of the Sun

Helios Family

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CENTAURS
A centaur was a creature from Greek mythology which was half-man and half-horse. The head, arms and torso were human and joined at the waist to the body and legs of a horse. These creatures represented barbarism and unbridled chaos and were frequently represented in Greek architectural sculpture and pottery decoration.
The centaurs were usually said to have been born of Ixion and Nephele. As the story goes, Nephele was a cloud made into the likeness of Hera in a plot to trick Ixion into revealing his lust for Hera to Zeus. Ixion seduced Nephele and from that relationship centaurs were created. In the latter version of the story, Centaurus's twin brother was Lapithes, ancestor of the Lapiths.

Here is a stamp from Uruguay 1910 100 years to the revolution depicting a centaur breaking chains:

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The centaur's half-human, half-horse composition has led many writers to treat them as liminal beings, caught between the two natures they embody in contrasting myths.
Centauromachy
The Centaurs are best known for their fight with the Lapiths who, according to one origin myth, would have been cousins to the centaurs. The battle, called the Centauromachy, was caused by the centaurs' attempt to carry off Hippodamia and the rest of the Lapith women on the day of Hippodamia's marriage to Pirithous, who was the king of the Lapithae and a son of Ixion. Theseus, a hero and founder of cities, who happened to be present, threw the balance in favour of the Lapiths by assisting Pirithous in the battle. The Centaurs were driven off or destroyed. The Centauromachy is most famously portrayed in the Parthenon metopes by Phidias and in a Renaissance-era sculpture by Michelangelo.

Here is a stamp from Greece 1984 a Parthenon metope showing a fight between a Lapith and a Centaur:

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Here is a stamp from Gambia 1975 - The Centauromachy.

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Since I don't have it in a better resolution, here is the pic of Michaelangelo's Centauromachy.

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The rape of Hippodameia - a painting by Peter Paul Rubens:

Antigua barbuda 1991

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Spain 1977

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Sagittarius is the ninth astrological sign. Greek mythology associates Sagittarius with the centaur Chiron, who mentored Achilles, a Greek hero of the Trojan War, in archery. Sagittarius, the half human and half horse, is the centaur of mythology, the learned healer whose higher intelligence forms a bridge between Earth and Heaven. Also known as the Archer, Sagittarius is represented by the symbol of a bow and arrow.
A lot of stamps were issued showing the centaur with a bow.

Spain 1966
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France 1946
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Poland 1948
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Czech Republic 1999
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Greece 2007
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Pallas and the Centaur is a painting by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli, c. 1482. It is now in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence
The life-size figures are from classical mythology and probably form an allegory. There is a centaur on the left, and a female figure holding a very elaborate halberd on the right. She is clutching the centaur's hair, and he seems submissive to her. The female figure was called Camilla in the earliest record of the painting, an inventory of 1499, but then in an inventory of 1516 she is called Minerva, the Roman equivalent of Pallas Athene, which remains her usual identification in recent times.
The fine cloth of Pallas' clinging dress is decorated with the three ring insignia of the Medici family, confirming that the painting was made for the Medici family. She wears laurel branches, entwined around her arms and chest as a crown; these were often a punning allusion to Lorenzo de' Medici. On her back is a shield and she wears leather sandals on her feet. The halberd, especially in such large and elaborate form, was a weapon carried by guards rather than on the battlefield, and the centaur has apparently been arrested while preparing to shoot his bow.

Kathiri State of Seiyun 1967:

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The Loves of the Centaurs by Peter Paul Rubens 1635 :

Paraguay 1974

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Greek Mythology Stamps - Homer Epic: The Odyssey (Part I)

The Odyssey is one of two major ancient Greek epic poems attributed to Homer. It is, in part, a sequel to the Iliad, the other Homeric epic.

Allegory of the Odyssey, detail from the painting "The apotheosis of Homer" by Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (1780-1867), depicting Homer, surrounded by many artists (even modern like Shakespeare and Mozart), been crowned by Nike. Issued by Mauritania on September 2, 1968:
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The Odyssey mainly focuses on the Greek hero Odysseus (known as Ulysses in Roman myths), king of Ithaca, and his journey home after the fall of Troy. It takes Odysseus ten years to reach Ithaca after the ten-year Trojan War. In his absence, it is assumed Odysseus has died, and his wife Penelope and son Telemachus must deal with a group of unruly suitors, the Proci, who compete for Penelope's hand in marriage.

Odysseus, coat of arms of the Island Ithaca, issued by Greece on July 20, 1964:
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Penelope is known for her fidelity to her husband Odysseus while he was absent, despite having many suitors (the Proci). Her name has therefore been traditionally associated with marital fidelity.

Penelope, ancient Greek coin, issued for use in the island Icaria on October 8, 1912:
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I'm adding one more Penelope .
A statue of Leonidas Drosses (1836-1882) a Greek neoclassical sculptor.

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And one more of Odysseus . A marmor statue 100 v chr.

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Thank you very much, Yakub99, for posting the Odyssey stamps. These two stamps are now in my want list. Toda!

Philippines Myths and Legends

During 2012, the Philippines issued several stamps shows figures from local myths and legend. I received from a friend three of them. He was so kind and have written description near the stamps:

Maria Makiling - issued on March 30, 2012:
Maria Makiling is the guardian spirit of the mountain, responsible for protecting its bounty and thus is also a benefactor for the townspeople who depend on the mountain's resources
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Amihan - issued on September 28, 2012:
Amihan is a bird in the Philippine mythology. According to the Tagalog folklore, Amihan is the first creature to inhabit the universe, along with the gods called Bathala and Aman Sinaya. In the legend Amihan is described as a bird that saves the first human beings, Malakas and Maganda, from a bamboo plant.
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Bernardo Carpio - issued on November 28, 2012:
Bernardo Carpio is a legendary figure in Philippine mythology who is said to be the cause of earthquakes.
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Greek Mythology Stamps - Homer Epic: The Odyssey (Part II)

Stamps show different scenes from the Odyssey, issued by Greece on December 19, 1983:

Odysseus and his men landed on uninhabited island near the land of the Cyclopes and entered the cave of Polyphemus, where they found all the food they desired. Upon returning home, Polyphemus sealed the entrance with a massive boulder and proceeded to eat Odysseus' men. Odysseus devised an escape plan in which he plied Polyphemus with wine and blinded him with a wooden stake. Odysseus and his men finally escaped the cave by hiding on the underbellies of the sheep as they were let out of the cave.

Odysseus and his men blinding Polyphemus, Amphora painting, Eleusis museum, Attica, Greece:
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Odysseus escaped from Polyphemus cave:
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While in Scherie, the island of the Phaeacians, Odysseus sees the young Nausicaä, who has gone to the seashore with her maids to wash clothes. He appeals to her for help. She encourages him to seek the hospitality of her parents, Arete and Alcinous. Odysseus is welcomed and Alcinous promises to provide him a ship to return him to his home country.

Odysseus and Nausicaä:
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Odysseus and his men skirted the land of the Sirens, who sang an enchanting song that normally caused passing sailors to steer toward the rocks, only to hit them and sink. All of the sailors had their ears plugged up with beeswax, except for Odysseus, who was tied to the mast as he wanted to hear the song.

Odysseus and the Sirens, Vase, c. 480-470 BC, British Museum:
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Odysseus and the Sirens, issued by Greece on October 20, 2009:
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While returning home to Ithaca, Odysseus and his son Telemachus kill Penelope’s Penelope's suitors.

Odysseus kills Penelope's suitors:
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Eli wrote:Đông Hồ Folk Woodcut Paintings

Dong Ho woodcut painting is a line of Vietnamese folk painting originating in Đông Hồ village in Bắc Ninh Province, circa 500 years ago.

One of the famous paintings depicting the Vietnamese legend about "Rat's wedding (Đám cưới chuột)". It is believed that the painting is a satirical painting against the corrupt society due to the fact that if the groom (the male rat) had wanted to receive the bride (the female rat), he would have bribed the big cat, symbolising the feudal class, with fish and bird so that the cat allowed the male rat to meet his wife in the procession to receive the bride.

Here is the "Rat's Wedding" Đông Hồ painting, issued by North Vietnam on January 30, 1972:

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To celebrate the beginning of the Chinese Year of the Rat, Canada issued on January 17, 2020 very beautiful designed stamp and SS based on the "Rat's Wedding" Chinese legend. I received these items as a gift from AMark. Thank you very much, Mark.
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The rat bride and groom:
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Chinese Mythology Stamps - Chinese gods

gods of Chinese mythology, issued by Macau on April 1, 1993. I have no information about these mythical figures and appreciate if someone could add their names:

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Greek and Roman Mythology Stamps - god Asclepius

Asclepius (Roman: Aesculapius), son of Apollo and Coronis, is the god of healing in Greek and Roman mythologies. He represents the healing aspect of the medical arts, while his daughters represent the forces of cleanliness, medicine and healing. Asclepius was killed by Zeus's thunderbolt as a punishment for violating the natural order of the world by bringing the dead back to life.

Statue of Asclepius from the theatre of Caesarea (Cherchell), Algeria, Roman Civilisation, Archaeological Museum of Cherchell, issued for use in Algeria on April 3, 1955 to publicize the 30th Anniversary of the French medical congress held in Alger, Algeria:

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Maxicart affixed with the stamp and a special commemorative postmark:

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Statue of Asclepius, Bulla Regia, Tunisia, Roman Civilisation, 2nd-3rd century, Archaeological Museum, Tunis, issued by Tunisia on May 18, 2005:

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To see more Asclepius' stamps:

God Asclepius

The Rod of Asclepius

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Exhibits from the State Museum of Oriental Art in Moscow, issued by the USSR on September 3, 1969:

Ebisu - Japan

In Japanese mythology, Ebisu is one of the “Seven Gods of Luck” and a popular Shintō deity, the patron of fishermen and tradesmen. He is depicted as a fat, bearded, smiling fisherman often carrying a rod in one hand and a tai, a red snapper symbolising good luck, in the other.
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Simurgh - Iran

Simurgh is a mythical bird in Iranian mythology considered to purify the land and waters and hence bestow fertility. The creature represented the union between the Earth and the sky, serving as mediator and messenger between the two.
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Avalokiteshvara - Tibet

Avalokiteśvara (“Lord who looks down with compassion") is a bodhisattva who embodies the compassion of all Buddhas. Bodhisattvas are enlightened beings who are destined to become buddhas but postpone that final state in order to help humanity. In Tibet, the Avalokiteshvara is known as Chenrezig.
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god Kanym - Korea
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Riton - Turkmenistan
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Need more information about the last two stamps.

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The Triumph of Dionysus

Dionysus (Roman: Bacchus) is the god of the grape-harvest, winemaking and wine, of fertility, ritual madness, religious ecstasy, and theatre in ancient Greek religion and myth.

THe "Triumph of Dionysos" mosaic from Setif, Algeria shows a triumphal procession to celebrate the god’s conquest of India. It shows Dionysus in a tiger-drawn chariot, surrounded by maenads and satyrs. Several exotic animals are depicted including tigers, elephants, camels, lion and the only known Roman period North African portrayal of a giraffe.


This mosaic is shown on a se-tenant of three stamps issued by Algeria on February 14, 1980:
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Thánh Gióng - a national hero of Vietnam

Thánh Gióng (Saint Giong), also known as Xung Thiên Thần Vương (holy king of the sky) is a mythical folk hero of Vietnam's history and one of The Four Immortals. According to the legend, Gióng was a boy who magically grew in size to be a giant hero and rode on an iron horse leading the Văn Lang kingdom to victory against northern invaders (Han Chinese). Thus, he is considered the first anti-invasion hero of the Vietnamese.

Here is a nice set issued by Vietnam on July 1, 1989 shows scenes from the legend of Thánh Gióng:

In the small town, there was a poor, hardworking couple who wished to bear a child. One day, the wife found a big foot printed on the farm, and magically became pregnant. She gave birth to a son named Giong. At three years of age, he was unable to talk, smile, or walk.

Due to the attacks by the An (Yin), the king sent out messengers to call his subjects to arms. Gióng unexpectedly gained the ability to talk and ask his mother to see one of the messenger. He requested the king to arm him. the villagers fed Giong and he grew instantly into a magnificent man.

Simultaneously, the king's blacksmiths worked hard to forge Gióng a set of iron armour, an iron sword, as well as whipping rods and an iron horse. Dressed in his new armour, he rode out on the iron horse and defeated the An invaders. After defeating the An (Shang or Yin Dynasty, China), Giong and his horse ascended to Heaven.

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by Eli »

Egyptian Mythology - Egyptian gods in the Monuments of Nubia

To publicize the UNESCO day, the United Arab Republic (Egypt) issued on October 24, 1964 this set shows monuments of Nubia with elements from Egyptian mythology:

god Horus - Horus was one of the important deity of Egyptian gods. His name Horus means “The One Far Above”. Horus was originally the Sky god, but he is also known as War god, Hunter's god, god of Kingship and others. He played the role as the protector of the ruler of Egypt. He was depicted as a falcon, most likely a lanner falcon or peregrine falcon, or as a man with a falcon head:
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Head of Pharaoh:
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god Ha - Ha was a protector god, god of the desert to the west of Egypt, son of the god Iaaw who was probably also a desert god. Ha provided protection from the Libyans and opened oases for travellers in the desert. Depicted as a strong young man with the sign of the desert over his head like in the stamp:
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goddess Isis - Isis is the goddess of life, motherhood, magic and fertility and a representation of the pharaoh's power. Isis is the daughter of Geb, god of the Earth, and Nut, goddess of the Sky. She married her brother, Osiris, and she conceived Horus with him.
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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

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The Ship of the Egyptian Sun god

The Kheops Ship - The Kheops ship is an intact vessel from Ancient Egypt that was sealed into a pit in the Giza pyramid complex around 2500 BC. The ship was almost certainly built for pharaoh Kheops and was apparently part of the extensive grave goods intended for use in the afterlife. The history and function of the ship are not precisely known. It is of the type known as a "solar barge", a ritual vessel to carry the resurrected king with the sun god Ra across the heavens.

Kheops Ship, issued by Egypt on March 21, 1974 to commemorate the inauguration of the solar Kheops bark museum:

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Priests carrying a funerary boat, stone wall carving, Isis Temple, Philae, designed and engraved by René Cottet and issued by Dahomey (Benin) on March 9, 1964 to publicize the UNESCO campaign to save the monuments of Nubia, Egypt:

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

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To mark the 100th anniversary of World Meteorological Organization, Grenada issued on July 6, 1973 a colourful set of stamps, all show Greek mythical figures connected to meteorological subjects, in addition to modern meteorological issues.

Helios riding his Sun chariot:

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Poseidon, the sea god:

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Zeus, the father of the gods, creating thunderbolts:

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Iris, goddess of the rainbow:

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Hermes, the messenger of the gods:

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Zephyrus, the personification of the west wind:

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Demeter, the goddess of the Earth:

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Selene, the goddess of the Moon:

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by yakub99 »

Hygieia
In Greek as well as Roman mythology, Hygieia, was one of the Asclepiadae; the sons and daughters of the god of medicine, Asclepius, and his wife Epione. Hygieia was the goddess/personification of health cleanliness and hygiene.
Hygieia and her four sisters each performed a facet of Apollo's art: Hygieia (health, cleanliness, and sanitation); Panacea (universal remedy); Iaso (recuperation from illness); Aceso (the healing process); and Aglaïa (beauty, splendor, glory, magnificence, and adornment).
Hygieia also played an important part in her father's cult. While her father was more directly associated with healing, she was associated with the prevention of sickness and the continuation of good health. Her name is the source of the word "hygiene".

GREECE-HELLAS POSTAL TAX STAMPS 1934: Protection for Tuberculosis patients.

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Hygeia gave her name to the philosophy of hygiene. The cult of Hygeia started in Athens in the 600s BCE, in connection with the cult of Athene, goddess of wisdom and purity. Statues of Athene and Hygeia stood at the entrance to the Acropolis temple in Athens.
In classical sculpture she was often shown holding or feeding a large snake (the symbol of Asklepion medicine) in her arms. Her other official symbol was a large water basin and a snake. Statues of Hygeia were erected in all the major healing centres sited in the temples of Asklepios. Her primary temples were in Epidaurus, Corinth, Cos and Pergamon.

New zealand 1932. this stamp showed the word "Health" because the purpose of these stamps was not to provide charity but rather to establish and maintain health camps for children. The design showed the Goddess of Health, HYGEIA, reclining gracefully on a pedestal holding the Cup of Health, in the health-giving rays of the rising sun. The snake around her arm is a symbol of health and healing.

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New zealand 2009 . 60 anniversary of health stamps.

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Anecdote
HYGIEIA is a private company incorporated in New Zealand that specializes in manufacturing health supplements from natural products in New Zealand.
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RUBENS - HYGIEIA The Lobkowicz Palace at Prague Castle
Among the most celebrated paintings belonging to The Lobkowicz Collections is that entitled Hygieia Nourishing the Sacred Serpent by Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640). The work, which forms part of the permanent collection at Nelahozeves Castle, dates to circa 1614, by which time Rubens was already a highly regarded painter.

Paraguay 1978

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The Klimt University of Vienna Ceiling Paintings, also known as the Faculty Paintings, were a series of paintings made by Gustav Klimt for the ceiling of the University of Vienna's Great Hall between the years of 1900–1907.
his paintings, Philosophy, Medicine and Jurisprudence.
Medicine was the second painting, presented in March 1901 at the tenth Secession Exhibition. It featured a column of semi-nude figures on the right hand side of the painting, representing the river of life. Beside it was a young nude female who floated in space, with a newborn infant at her feet, representing life. A skeleton represented death in the river of life. The only link between the floating woman and the river of bodies is two arms, the woman's and a man's as seen from behind. At the bottom of the painting Hygieia stood with the Aesculapian snake around her arm and the cup of Lethe in her hand, turning her back to mankind. Klimt conveyed an ambiguous unity of life and death, with nothing to celebrate the role of medicine or the science of healing.[ Upon display of the painting in 1901, he was attacked by critics. An editorial in the Medizinische Wochenschrift complained that the painter had ignored doctors' two main achievements, prevention and cure. For a rough composition draft of the painting .

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The whole painting:

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GREECE 1968 – SKOPAS
Scopas or Skopas (c. 395 BC – 350 BC) was an Ancient Greek sculptor and architect most famous for his statue of Meleager, the copper statue of "Aphrodite" and the head of goddess Hygieia, daughter of Asclepius.
Head of the goddess Hygieia by Scopas from the temple of Athena Alea at Tegea (National Archaeological Museum of Athens)

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Poland 2006
In front of the main building of the Raczyński Library in Poznań stands the Hygieia's Fountain statue created by Albert Wolff in 1841.

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Ussr - 1976 50th Anniversary of Petrov Cancer Research Institute.
The serpent with the bowl

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this is donation label from Spain. Voluntary contribution to the National Pharmaceutical Patronage

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by sksondhi1 »

Need help in identifying the Hindu deities in this image from Prambanan temple, Indonesia.

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by Eli »

Greek Mythology Stamps - goddess Athena

Athena or Athene is a Greek goddess associated with wisdom, handicraft, and warfare who was later syncretized with the Roman goddess Minerva. Athena was regarded as the patron and protectress of various cities across Greece, particularly the city of Athens, from which she most likely received her name. She's usually shown in art wearing a helmet and holding a spear. Her major symbols include owls, olive trees, snakes, and the Gorgoneion (a special apotropaic amulet showing the Gorgon head).

In the classical Olympian pantheon, Athena was regarded as the favorite daughter of Zeus, born fully armed from his forehead. This stamp shows Athena is "born" from Zeus's forehead as a result of him having swallowed her mother Metis, Greek amphora, 550–525 BC, Louvre museum, Paris, issued by Greece on June 25, 1974:

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Athena statue, issued by Greece in 1937 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the university of Athens:
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Silver tetradrachm coin issued by Athens, ca. 450s BC, reverse shows owl, one of the goddess symbols, issued by Greece on March 24, 1959:

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Athena statue, issued by Greece on April 27, 1968:
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goddess Athena in front of the Parthenon on the Athenian Acropolis dedicated to her, issued by Greece on March 3, 1986:

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Athena has been used throughout western history as a symbol of freedom and democracy. These stamp and commemorative postmark show the statue of Athena in front of the Austrian Parliament Building, issued by Austria on November 30, 2018 to mark the 100th anniversary of the Austrian Rebublic:
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This came on a great cover sent to me as a gift by Matmex:

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by Eli »

Venus (Aphrodite) on Rubens' Paintings:

Here are three sheets issued by Bhutan on February 21, 1991 to mark the 350th anniversary of the death of Peter Paul Rubens, (1577-1640):

Venus and Adonis

Venus fell in love with Adonis, who was an handsome Prince. During the time with Venus, Adonis loved to hunt. This painting shows Venus, accompanied by Cupid, embracing and pulling Adonis before he goes off to hunt. The painting is exhibited in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA:

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The Feast of Venus Verticordia (Detail)

Venus Verticordia ("the changer of hearts") was an epithet of the Roman goddess Venus, alluding to the goddess' ability to change hearts from lust to chastity. The painting shows the Roman festival Veneralia celebrated in honor of Venus Verticordia. The painting is exhibited in the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna, Austria:
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The complete painting "The Feast of Venus Verticordia":
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Venus Shivering (Detail) also known as Venus Frigida

This painting based on the Roman quotation from the Roman playwright Terence: "sine Cerere et Baccho friget Venus" ("without Ceres and Bacchus, Venus freezes") meaning, love cannot survive without food and wine. The painting is exhibited in the Royal Museum of Fine Arts Antwerp, Belgium:
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In the past, this painting was described as "Jupiter and Antiope". I contacted the museum representative and she explained that the description was changed after a deep research of art experts and it is accepted that it shows Venus Frigida.

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

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Sculptures and wood carvings from the Lê dynasty, issued by Vietnam on July 6, 1999.

The Lê dynasty was the longest-ruling Vietnamese dynasty, ruling from 1428 to 1789. It is usually divided into two historical periods – the Early Lê dynasty (1428–1527) in which emperors ruled in their own right, and the Restored Lê dynasty (1533–1789), in which figurehead emperors reigned under the auspices of the powerful Trịnh family. During their reign, Vietnam's economy quickly recovered, grew and became the third-largest economy power in Eastern Asia.

The art forms during the Lê dynasty prospered and produced items of great artistic value, despite the upheavals and wars. Woodcarving and sculpturing were especially highly developed. Many of the carvings and sculptures depicting mythological figures like Phoenix (on the 1000D stamp) and Dragons (9000D stamp) (.



Vietnam Mi 3004.jpg

Vietnam Mi 3005.jpg

Vietnam Mi 3006.jpg

Vietnam Mi 3007.jpg

Vietnam Mi 3008.jpg

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

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Ramakien gallery, Temple of the Emerald Buddha, Bangkok, Thailand

Wat Phra Kaew, commonly known in English as the Temple of the Emerald Buddha, is regarded as the most sacred Buddhist temple in Thailand. The complex consists of a number of buildings within the precincts of the Grand Palace in the historical centre of Bangkok. It houses the statue of the Emerald Buddha, which is venerated as the country's palladium.

The Ramakien (Ramayana) gallery is a covered corridor, walled on one side, that surrounds the entire temple like a cloister. Murals on the gallery walls depict the entire arc of the Ramakien epic, which is based on the Hindu Ramayana epic. This version was translated and recomposed in Thai poetic form under the supervision of Rama I himself around 1797. The murals along the walls are divided into 178 scenes with abbreviated synopses of the scenes below.


On July 17, 1973, Thailand issued a set of stamps shows several paintings from the Ramakien (Ramayana) gallery. I don't have the description of all of them and I appreciate any help from members about these stamps:


Thailand 1973 Emerald Ramayana 1.jpg

City of Lanka:

Thailand 1973 Emerald Ramayana 2.jpg


Angada breaks down the Lanka city gate:

Thailand 1973 Emerald Ramayana 3.jpg


Ravana's Parasol:

Thailand 1973 Emerald Ramayana 4.jpg


Thailand 1973 Emerald Ramayana 5.jpg


I read somewhere that this stamp shows the monkey army crosses the sea to Lanka, but I am not sure about it:

Thailand 1973 Emerald Ramayana 6.jpg


Thailand 1973 Emerald Ramayana 7.jpg


When the monkey army wanted to cross the sea to Lanka, Hanuman, the Monkey-god, enlarged his body and served as a bridge for the army forces:

Thailand 1973 Emerald Ramayana 8.jpg


Thai (2).jpg

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by cursus »

scan0094.jpg
scan0095.jpg
Minisheet and cinderella showing the sculpture of semi-god Asclepios, a work from the V century BC, found in 1908 at the Greco-Roman archaeological site of Empúries, in Catalonia. Empúries, whose Greek name was "Emporion" (Greek for market) was founded around 600 BC by Greek colonists coming from Massalia (now Marseilles, in Sothern France). The old colony has given name to a whole Catalan area: l'Empordà.
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Afrodita head from IV to III centuries. Empúries' heyday.
I collect: Estonia 1990-1992 Postal History. Barcelona Postal History and postmarks. Catalan cinderellas. Botanical gardens. Ice creams on stamps. Used UK, Germany, Switzerland, Austria & Scandinavia.

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by sksondhi1 »

Ramakien gallery, Temple of the Emerald Buddha, Bangkok, Thailand
Hi Eli,

A friend of mine sent me a page from Stanley Gibbons Stamp Catalogue, Part 21, South East Asia, with details of scenes depicted on Thailand Emerald Buddha set (SG 760-67).
34b75517-f3bb-4298-9bd4-88ff81efef24.JPG
Still I am confused . For example as per catalogue SG 767 shows Bharata on March. What does it mean?
Perhaps Michel catalogue may help.

Satish

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by Eli »

cursus wrote:
13 Jun 2020 02:36
ImageImage

Minisheet and cinderella showing the sculpture of semi-god Asclepios, a work from the V century BC, found in 1908 at the Greco-Roman archaeological site of Empúries, in Catalonia. Empúries, whose Greek name was "Emporion" (Greek for market) was founded around 600 BC by Greek colonists coming from Massalia (now Marseilles, in Sothern France). The old colony has given name to a whole Catalan area: l'Empordà.

Image

Afrodita head from IV to III centuries. Empúries' heyday.
Thanks, Cursus, for sharing with us these items and the information. In the past, I posted in this thread a post about the statue of Asclepius in Catalonia. Here it is:

Greek Mythology Stamps - god Asclepius

BTW, I saw your collection of Catalonia Cinderella labels. It is amazing to see so many from one place, many of them are really beautiful and interesting. Great collection!!! Thanks.

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by Eli »

sksondhi1 wrote:
13 Jun 2020 04:30
Ramakien gallery, Temple of the Emerald Buddha, Bangkok, Thailand
Hi Eli,

A friend of mine sent me a page from Stanley Gibbons Stamp Catalogue, Part 21, South East Asia, with details of scenes depicted on Thailand Emerald Buddha set (SG 760-67).

Image

Still I am confused . For example as per catalogue SG 767 shows Bharata on March. What does it mean?
Perhaps Michel catalogue may help.

Satish
Thanks, Satish, for this great information. Now I can update my pages and add this new descriptions. Sorry, Michel catalogue can't help very much since there is no description of individual stamps, only general description says that this set depicting Ramayana frescoes from the Emerald Buddha temple.

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by BlackTuesday »

Eli wrote:
12 Jun 2020 19:02
. . . . . .

On July 17, 1973, Thailand issued a set of stamps shows several paintings from the Ramakien (Ramayana) gallery. I don't have the description of all of them and I appreciate any help from members about these stamps:

Image

@Eli, I can try to explain some of them with respect to the page from Stanley Gibbons Stamp Catalogue.

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by BlackTuesday »

I don't know if it has already been mentioned, but let me first write in short the premise of mythology:

The Ramakien is Thailand's national epic, derived from the Buddhist Dasharatha Jataka.

Ramakien was influenced by three sources: the Sanskrit Valmiki's Ramayana, the Vishnu Purana, and Hamuman Nataka", in addition to its core story based on Buddhist Dasharatha Jataka.

While the main story is similar to that of the Ramayana, differences in some tales still prevail, many other aspects were transposed into a Thai context, such as the clothes, weapons, topography, and elements of nature, which are described as being Thai in style.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -


Ramayana is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India. The epic, traditionally ascribed to the Maharishi Valmiki, narrates the life of Lord Rama, the legendary prince of the Kosala Kingdom.

Ramayana Story:

It follows Lord Rama's birth story to his education, then his fourteen-year exile to the forest by his father King Dasharatha, on request of his step-mother Kaikeyi, his travels across forests in India with his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana, the kidnapping of his wife by Ravana, the great king of Lanka, resulting in a war with him, and Ram's eventual return to Ayodhya to be crowned king. This is the culmination point of the epic.

It is one of the most sacred book in hindu mythology, and is read by millions of people every year.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -



Ramakien Story:

The central character of the Ramakien is Phra Ram (or Rama), heir to the throne of Ayodhaya. Through the schemes of his stepmother, he is sent into exile for 14 years. His wife Nang Sida (or Sita) and brother Phra Lak go with him. They find shelter deep in the forest.

Thotsakan (or Tosakan), the demon king of Longka, develops a passion for Sita and kidnaps her. The brothers go in search of Sita, and enlist the white monkey god Hanuman to help. Working together, they form an alliance with two monkey kings, Sukrip and Chompupan, each of whom command huge armies. They march south to the coast and lay siege to the island of Longka.

The armies of Rama are victorious over each of Tosakan's champions. Finally, Rama fights Tosakan and kills him. Rama crowns Tosakan's exiled brother king of Longka and returns to Ayodhaya with Sita to assume the crown.


Source: Wikipedia and other sites from the net.

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by BlackTuesday »

Thailand Issue: "Ramayana" Mural, Temple of Emerald Buddha, Bangkok

In some Thailand printed catalogue, it is labelled as: "Mural Painting, 1st Series"

Date: 17 July, 1973

SG 760: King Janaka's Procession

TH 760.jpg

King Janaka, is actually Rama's wife Sita's father. He was the king of Mithila. The stamp is showing a procession of the king, and the city is certainly Mithila.

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by BlackTuesday »

SG 761: Contest for Sita's hand

TH 761.jpg

The stamp actually depicts the swayamvara ceremony of Sita, daughter of Janaka, the Mithila king.

Swayamvara or Swayamvar was an ancient practice in India. The word is a combination of two Sanskrit words Swayam and Var. Swayam means oneself or process of acting on your own. Var means bride-groom. The objective of Swayamvar was to marry a girl with groom of her choice out of the set of suitable candidates.

King Janaka of Mithila had announced that whosoever wanted to marry Sita had to lift the divine bow of God Shiva and string it. The bow was broken by prince Rama when he attempted to string the bow, during the swayamvara of Sita, thereby winning the princess Sita's hand in marriage.

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by Eli »

Thank you very much, Black Tuesday!!! for this great information. This new information helps me very much since until now, I didn't know about a stamp shows Mithila (I used the Indian stamp shows Mithila painting, but it doesn't shows the city). Further more, I had not even one stamp shows swayamvara ceremony of Sita and now I can use the Thai stamp as you explained. I very much appreciate your efforts and information.

In this thread, there are about 15 different posts about Ramayana in which 9 of them tell the story step by step by the event chronological order.

In year 2010, I exhibited my Ramayana collection in Jerusalem philatelic exhibition. Since than, I try to add new items and improve my collection. Here is one page from the exhibition:

Page 7 - Ramayana.jpg
Last edited by Eli on 19 Jun 2020 07:04, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by BlackTuesday »

Eli wrote:
19 Jun 2020 06:15
Thank you very much, Black Tuesday!!! for this great information. This new information helps me very much since until now, I didn't know about a stamp shows Mithila (I used the Indian stamp shows Mithila painting, but it doesn't shows the city). Further more, I ad nor even one stamp shows swayamvara ceremony of Sita and now I can use the Thai stamp as you explained. I very much appreciate your efforts and information.

In this thread, there are about 15 different posts about Ramayana in which 9 of them tell the story step by step by the event chronological order.

In year 2010, I exhibited my Ramayana collection in Jerusalem philatelic exhibition. Since than, I try to add new items and improve my collection. Here is one page from the exhibition:

.....[/centre]
Hello Eli, you're most welcome! ... I was busy trying to find details of and if possible the book of Thai Ramakien ... I couldn't get the book yet but read a 49 page english translated version of it ... there are many differences with the Sanskrit Ramayana, and character names are also different ... hopefully, I can try to explain the other stamps now

I havn't seen the previous pages of this thread yet, but I will surely read the full of it ... I'm most interested to see your pages from the exhibition too!

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by BlackTuesday »

SG 762: Monkey prince toppling portico.

TH 762.jpg

Here the heading given by Eli, is alright. That is "Angada breaks down the Lanka city gate". I am adding here little description of the event.

Sanskrit Ramayana's Angada is known as Ongkot in Thai Ramakien. Ongkot is the son of ex-Monkey King of Khitkhin, Pali Thirat and nephew of Sukhrip. After Pali Thirat, Sukhrip became the king of Khitkhin and coronated Ongkot as crown-prince.

When Phra Ram reached Longka with his monkey army and the war was about to begin, he sent Ongkut as a messenger to Tosakan to give him a warning and also a last chance to return Nang Sida and surrender to him.

To this Tosakan became infuriated and ordered to kill him. Ongkut beat the four demons (monsters) who caught him, toppled the portico and returned to Phra Ram in home camp.

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by BlackTuesday »

A still image of the mural used in SG 762

IMG-SG762.jpg

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by BlackTuesday »

SG 763: Monkey king breaking umbrella.

TH 763.jpg

Monkey King Sukhrip attacks Tosakan and breaks his parasol.

This event is a bit different in two versions (Sanskrit and Thai).

According to Valmiki's Sanskrit one:

"Before the start of the war, one evening Rama, accompanied by the monkey-leaders, along with Sugriva, ascended the top of Suvela mountains to have a good look at Longka and the kings palace Longkapuri. At the same time Ravana was stationed at the gateway of his palace. On seeing the demon-king, suddenly Sugriva influenced by wrath, rising from the brow of the mountain, rashly bounded to the gateway and attacked Ravana. After a long gruesome fight Sugriva left Ravana, causing him to experience fatigue and out of breath."

According to the thai version:

"Before the start of the war the demon-king Tosakan built a giant parasol and used to go onto it to view Phra Ram's massed army. The monkey soldiers were agitated and dismayed that they cannot see the sun. Tosakan's younger brother Piphek, who joined hands with the opposite camp, advised Phra Ram to send the monkey soldiers to break the umbrella. Sukhrip took the duty upon himself and after reaching Longkapuri fought with Tosakan, broke the umbrella, took Tosakan’s crown and presented it to Phra Ram."

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by BlackTuesday »

A still image of the mural used in SG 763

IMG-SG763.jpg

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by sksondhi1 »

Thank you BlackTuesday for this great and detailed information. We are going to be benifited from your inputs in this thread.

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by BlackTuesday »

sksondhi1 wrote:
20 Jun 2020 02:15
Thank you BlackTuesday for this great and detailed information. We are going to be benifited from your inputs in this thread.
sksondhi1, You're welcome! and thank you for your kind words! ... I'm trying, but there may be gap in my information too, because I have not read the Thai version of the book yet ... hopefully someone in future will make corrections and add more valuable inputs

/BlackTuesday :)

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by BlackTuesday »

SG 764: Maleenarj as Court chief.

TH 764.jpg

Story of this stamp is the most interesting of them all, and is a surprising one. Firstly, this incident does not happen in Sanskrit Valmiki's Ramayana at all.

And secondly, in Ramayana, until the war ends and Longka is conquered Rama and Sita does not meet face to face at all. But here, according to Ramakien, in the middle of the war, there was a court of sort arranged with two sides of the war and both Rama and Sita were present there. And Maleenarj, mostly referred everywhere as Thao Maliwarat acted as an arbiter.

Detail of the story:

After the fall of mighty Kumphakan, Intorachit and several other demon heroes, Tosakan thought of asking for Thao Maliwarat's help. In Ramakien, Thao Maliwarat is Tosakan's grandfather and referred as God of Justice. Thao Maliwarat learnt that Ram and Lak are the grandsons of his friend Thao Achapan.

When Maliwarat reached the battlefield, Tosakan came to meet him. Maliwarat ordered him to arrange a convocation of all the deities, and he himself to act as an arbiter. He interrogated Tosakan, invited Phra Ram, when Phra Ram arrived he heard Phra Ram's case. Then he sent for Nang Sida to be brought. And upon arrival heard Sida's case too.

Maliwarat judgmented in favor of Ram and asked Tosakan to return Sida. But Tosakan refused to give Nang Sida back. Maliwarat became enraged at Tosakan. While he sent Sida back to Longka, as there was no solution except war, he granted a boon to Phra Ram and returned back.

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by BlackTuesday »

A still image of the mural used in SG 764

Court scene1.jpg

Phra Ram and Nang Sida can be seen sitting in the centre in front of Thao Maliwarat. Tosakan is probably on the right side of the picture on the chariot.

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by BlackTuesday »

A closeup of the previous picture

Court scene2.jpg

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by sksondhi1 »

BlackTuesday wrote:
21 Jun 2020 23:24
SG 764: Maleenarj as Court chief.


Image


Story of this stamp is the most interesting of them all, and is a surprising one. Firstly, this incident does not happen in Sanskrit Valmiki's Ramayana at all.

And secondly, in Ramayana, until the war ends and Longka is conquered Rama and Sita does not meet face to face at all. But here, according to Ramakien, in the middle of the war, there was a court of sort arranged with two sides of the war and both Rama and Sita were present there. And Maleenarj, mostly referred everywhere as Thao Maliwarat acted as an arbiter.

Detail of the story:

After the fall of mighty Kumphakan, Intorachit and several other demon heroes, Tosakan thought of asking for Thao Maliwarat's help. In Ramakien, Thao Maliwarat is Tosakan's grandfather and referred as God of Justice. Thao Maliwarat learnt that Ram and Lak are the grandsons of his friend Thao Achapan.

When Maliwarat reached the battlefield, Tosakan came to meet him. Maliwarat ordered him to arrange a convocation of all the deities, and he himself to act as an arbiter. He interrogated Tosakan, invited Phra Ram, when Phra Ram arrived he heard Phra Ram's case. Then he sent for Nang Sida to be brought. And upon arrival heard Sida's case too.

Maliwarat judgmented in favor of Ram and asked Tosakan to return Sida. But Tosakan refused to give Nang Sida back. Maliwarat became enraged at Tosakan. While he sent Sida back to Longka, as there was no solution except war, he granted a boon to Phra Ram and returned back.
Thanks BlackTuesday for very interseting story behind this scene. I never knew it and could not find any information about Maleenarj from Goggle inspite of my best efforts. Great help.

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by BlackTuesday »

sksondhi1 wrote:
22 Jun 2020 01:33
BlackTuesday wrote:
21 Jun 2020 23:24
SG 764: Maleenarj as Court chief.

Image
. . . . .
Thanks BlackTuesday for very interseting story behind this scene. I never knew it and could not find any information about Maleenarj from Goggle inspite of my best efforts. Great help.
Dear Sir, you're welcome! ... in fact, me too did not know about this some days ago ... and I can understand your experience because I was doing the same using Maleenarj continuously and was in vain ... right now I'm stuck with the next stamp, there are many situations of holy water, can not decide or find details anywhere to confirm which one is it :?

I didn't notice before that it was you who posted the scanned pages from Stanley Gibbons Stamp Catalogue, with details of scenes depicted on (SG 760-67). Thanks a lot to you and your friend, because without these details it would not have been possible to find out more about these stamps!

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Re: Mythologies of the World on Stamps

Post by Eli »

Thanks again, BlackTuesday, for the great information you provided which enrich our knowledge about the Ramayana in general and about this beautiful Thai set in particular. I will prepare an album page for this great set using the new information. I am looking for the FDC and other items (like commercial covers) related to these great stamps.

I havn't seen the previous pages of this thread yet, but I will surely read the full of it ... I'm most interested to see your pages from the exhibition too!

You can see my exhibition, although ten years old and not updated, here:
The Ramayana - the adventure of Lord Rama


Page 5 - Ramayana.jpg

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