Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

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Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

In a previous thread, initiated by The Pom, I discussed in general Mail Censorship in Allied Occupied Germany, and in other countries, after WWII, showing some examples.

"Post WW2 Censor covers. When did they stop?"
https://www.stampboards.com/viewtopic.php?f=10&t=9289

Much of the information I have used relating to Censor Marks and Tapes for Allied Occupied Germany was very kindly supplied by Mr Jay Carrigan (Europhil on these Boards). Since his untimely death several years ago his own Web Site has unfortunately become difficult, if not impossible, to view (some has been retrieved using Wayback Machine etc.).

Since I have the information relating to above in my possession and we have specific permission from his widow to publish it, I felt that was only fair to make this generally available through these Boards. I will illustrate with covers from my collection. I have not included Internment Camp Marks, which is a whole separate study. Similarly I have not included resealing tapes (apart from where of special note)- again a very specialised study. (Although would be happy to make the information on either available to Members on request).

"Germany
Checklist of Allied Censorship
1945 – 1950

Contents
1. American Zone
2. British Zone
3. French Zone
4. Soviet Zone

Jay T. Carrigan


References: 1. Riemer, Karl-Heinz, Die Postzensur der Alliierten im besetzen Deutschland nach dem II. Weltkrieg, Poststempelgilde "Rhein-Donau“, Heft Nr. 73, September 1977
2. Richter, Hans-J., Briefzensur in der sowjetischen Besatzungszone Deutschlands und im Ostsektor von Berlin, self publishhed, July 1994
3. Strobel, Wolfgang & Walch, Hans-Joachim, Sowjetische regionale Postzensur in Deutschland 1945 bis 1950, self published, 1997
4. Slawson, Donald E., Censorship Markings of Civilian Internment Camps, Germany – U.S. Zone of Occupation, GPS Post WW II Study and Research Group, March-April 1981
5. Wolter, Karl Kurt, Die Postzensur, Band II, 1966"

For instance can you identify these two marks?
Image
Image

Read on and you will hopefully be able to do so.

In some cases Austrian Censorship marks are confused with those from Allied Occupied Germany. See "Mail Censorship in Allied Occupied Austria 1945-1953"
https://www.stampboards.com/viewtopic.php?f=17&t=79757
for more on these.

The next part introduces American Zone Marks.
Last edited by CMJ on 11 Jun 2020 22:25, edited 1 time in total.
Reason: Unsecure image link(s) corrected

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

American Zone
Censor Marks

"A-1a
Image

33 mm
Initial 1 with base in American Zone
Black, black blue, blue, violet, red
10000 – 10100 Eßlingen
10101 – 10400 Offenbach (also München Überroller*)
10401 – 10600 (München Überroller*)
10601 – 10800 München
10801 – 10900 Eßlingen
10900 – 10999 Offenbach"

*Überroller: Mail already in the postal system and gradually released after inspection by the Military Authorities.

Image
AMERICAN ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:A1a

"A-1b
Image

33-34 mm
Black, black blue, blue, violet, red
1000 – 11299 München
11300 – 11899 (Offenbach)
11900 – 11999 Berlin
12000 – 12400 Offenbach (also Bremen)
12401 – 12450 Eßlingen (also Offenbach)
12451 – 12499 Offenbach
12500 – 12999 (München)
13000 – 13299 München
131xx (also Nürnberg)
13300 – 13799 Offenbach (also Bremen)
(also München Überroller)
14300 – 14499 Eßlingen (also Nürnberg)
14500 – 14799 München
14800 – 14999 (Eßlingen)
15000 – 15750 Eßlingen"

Image
AMERICAN ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:A1b on Überroller mail.

The next part continues with American Zone marks.
Last edited by CMJ on 11 Jun 2020 22:26, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

American Zone (cont.)
Censor Marks

“A-2
A2.jpg


34 mm
Black or blue black, exceptionally violet, blue or red
10000 – 11300 München
11500 – 11600 Nürnberg
11800 – 11999 Kulmbach
20000 – 215xx Offenbach
30000 – 30325 Berlin
32000 – 32xxx Bremerhaven
40000 – 41xxx Eßlingen

A-3
A3.jpg


39 x 18.5 rectangle
On reverse of cover with 4 digit number
Sealed with strip of plain paper
Bluish black
Associated with the Offenbach censor station

A-4
A4.jpg

19 mm handstamp, black
Used in the Summer of 1951
Sealed with strip of brown paper or cellophane
Used after all censor stations were closed, on mail from the DDR addressed to civilians.”

A2 cover.jpg
AMERICAN ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:A2

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

American Zone (cont.)
"Released Unexamined Marks

München Censor Station – (part 1)

A-6
A6.jpg
35 mm, Black
Used only on Überroller mail from late 1945 to early 1946.

A-7
A7.jpg
34 mm
Black, violet, red brown
25 mm between stars
Used in Feb. – Dec. 1946

A-8
A8.jpg
34 mm
Black, violet
27.5 mm between stars
Used in Summer 1946

A-9
A9.jpg
Black, violet
Used in 1947 only on registered mail

A-10
A10.jpg
Rubber handstamp?
Used Summer 1947 only on registered mail


A-11
A11.jpg
Rubber handstamp?
Used in 1947 only on registered mail
4 digit numerator"

I do not have any examples to show- scarce marks.

The next part continues with Munich Station Unexamined Marks.

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

"München Censor Station – “Released Unexamined” Marks (part 2)

A-12
A12.jpg
34.5 mm metal handstamp
Black, violet
Used in the second half of 1946

A-13
A13.jpg
33.5 mm rubber handstamp
Blue black, blue
Used from the end of 1946 to Fall 1947
Late impressions unclear, up to 36 mm

A-16
A16.jpg
34 mm machine stamp
Black
Used from the end of 1945 to early 1946 on Überroller mail

A-17
A17.jpg
Machine stamp
32 mm between stars
Black at first, later red
Used Feb. 1946

A-18
A18.jpg
Machine stamp, 28 mm circle
Red
Used in early Summer 1947, mostly on foreign mail
Type A-17 with modified postal cancellation

A-19
A19.jpg
Machine stamp, 28 mm circle
Red
Used in Summer 1947, only on foreign mail
Type A-16 with same modified postal cancellation

A-20
A 20.jpg
Roller stamp, 34 mm between stars
Mute 27 mm postmark
Red
Used mainly from Feb. to Aug. 1946"

A 20 CARD.jpg
AMERICAN ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:A20

The next part continues with Munich Station Unexamined Marks.

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

"München Censor Station – “Released Unexamined” Marks (part 3)

A-21
a21A.jpg
Roller stamp, 34 mm between stars
Red
Used from Aug. 1946 to Feb. 1947

A-22
A22.jpg
Roller stamp, 34 mm between stars
Red
Used from Feb. 1946 to Sept. 1947 (closing);
In the later months mainly on registered mail
“1” in month with and without upper serif

A-23
A23.jpg
Roller stamp, 39/36 mm between stars
Red
7.5 mm between stars in bottom of cancel
Used from Apr. to Sept. 1947 (closing)

A-24
A24.jpg
Self-inking handstamp, 46/36 mm between stars
Red
5 mm between stars in bottom of cancel
Used only on registered mail
Normally not parallel to top of letter

A-25
A25.jpg
Roller stamp, 21 mm between wavy lines
28 mm “postmark”, one star at bottom
Red
Used in early Summer 1946

A-26
A26.jpg
Roller stamp, 21 mm between wavy lines
28 mm “postmark”, two stars at bottom
Red (shades)
Used from Summer 1946 to Summer 1946

A-27
A27.jpg
Roller stamp, 21 mm between wavy lines
28 mm “postmark”, date and one star at bottom
Red, red lilac
Used from Jan. to Sept.1947
“1” in day initially with upper serif, from March(?) without"

A23 COVER.jpg
AMERICAN ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:A23

Image
AMERICAN ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:A27 + AUSTRIAN CENSOR MARK

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

"München Censor Station – “Released Unexamined” Marks (part 4)

A-28
A28.png
Roller stamp, 19 mm between wavy lines
28 mm dated “postmark”, two stars at top
76 mm between “postmarks”, width of stars 76 mm
Red
Used in Summer 1947

A-29
A29.png
Hand roller stamp, 22 mm between wavy lines
28 mm dated “postmark”, two stars at top
84 mm between “postmarks”, width of stars 42 mm
Red
Used in Summer 1947 until closing (Sept. 1947)
Used on foreign mail and domestic registered mail
Normally not parallel to top of letter

A-30
A30.png
Roller stamp, 19 mm between wavy lines
28 mm dated “postmark”, three stars at top
76 mm between “postmarks”, width of stars 76 mm
Red
Used in Summer 1947 until closing (Sept. 1947)
Also used on domestic mail

Nürnberg Censor Station

No “Released Unexamined” stamps

Kulmbach Censor Station – “Released Unexamined” Marks

A-31
A31.png
Machine stamp, 28 mm “postmark”
“S” by middle of “K:
Red violet from Oct. to Dec. 1946
Red from end of Dec. 1946 to early Jan. 1947

A-32
A32.png
Machine stamp, 28 mm “postmark”
“S” by bottom of “K”
Inverted star at bottom
Violet

A-33
A33.png
Machine roller stamp, 28 mm “postmark”
Red
Used from Jan. to Apr. 1947"

A28 COVER.jpg
AMERICAN ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:A28

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Eßlingen Censor Station – “Released Unexamined” Marks

A-34
A34.png
30 mm handstamp
Black, later violet
Used from Mar. to July 1946

A-35
A35.png
28 mm machine stamp
Red in July 1946, then black
Used from July 1946 to Apr. 1947 (closing)
Only used of foreign mail

A-36
A36.png
34.5 mm machine stamp
Black
Used in Mar. – Apr.1946
Also known on Überroller mail

A-37
A37.png
34 mm machine stamp
Black from Apr. to Aug. 1946, on domestic mail
Red (shades) from mid-Aug. 1946 to Apr. 1947,
only on foreign mail

A-38
A38.png
33 mm handstamp, star added at bottom
Bluish black
Used in Feb. – Mar. 1947
Always with “PASSED” in 34 x 12 mm rectangle
Only on mail to and from US officials

A-39
A39.png
34 mm rubber handstamp
Red violet
Break under “TG”,
also known with right side of underline missing

A35 COVER.jpg
AMERICAN ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:A35 + AUSTRIAN CENSOR MARK AND TAPE

A36 COVER.jpg
AMERICAN ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:A36 (FAINT)

A37 COVER.jpg
AMERICAN ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:A37

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

"Offenbach Censor Station – Postal Codes on Registered Letters

REG1.png
Blue violet (Red violet per Riemer)
Numbers & letters 4.5 mm high
Stamped on reverse of cover
Serial no., day, month code
Letter code for month (A-I,K-M)
Used Jan. to Sept. 1946

REG2.png
Numbers & letters 10 mm high
Used Oct. 1946 to May 1947

REG3.png
4 digit numbers from May 1947
6 digit numbers from August 1947
Violet, Blue (black)

Offenbach Censor Station – “Released Unexamined” Marks

A-41
A41.png
Type A-1 with censor number removed
Used on normal mail – end of 1945 to early 1946

A-42
A42.png
Type A-2 with censor number removed
Red brown
Mostly used on Military Government mail in 1947

A-43
A43.png
29 mm handstamp
Blue violet, also used for separate date stamp
Used in Sept. – Oct. 1945
Struck on front of envelopes

A-44
A44.png
Machine stamp with 26.5 mm “postmark”
Black
Used Sept. 1945 to Apr. 1946
Struck on reverse of envelopes
Also used on front of post cards

A-45
A45.png
Same, without wavy lines
Used in May – June 1946"

REG1 COVER REV.jpg
AMERICAN ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:REGISTERED POST MARK

REG1 COVER.jpg
AMERICAN ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:REGISTERED POST MARK-FRONT OF COVER

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by Brummie »

Great work OldDuffer and will make a great reference. Enjoying this. :D

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Thank you for your kind words, Brummie. It will take a while but gives me something to do while still in (semi?) lock-down!

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Frankfurt/Main Censor Station – “Released Unexamined” Marks

A-46
A46.png
39 mm handstamp
Used in June – Aug. 1946, mostly on large items

A-47
A47.png
26.5 mm machine stamp
Used in July – Dec. 1946, mostly on domestic mail
Always struck on the front in the lower left corner
Began to wear out by mid-Nov.

A-48
A48.png
26.5 mm machine stamp
Used in Jan. – Apr. 1947
Always struck on the front in the lower left corner

A-49
A49.png
27 mm machine stamp, text spread out
“B” 8.5 mm wide
Used in Mar. – June 1947
Used mostly on foreign mail and mail from Berlin
Usage on registered mail also known

A-50
A50.png
Same, with missing “B”
Known from mid-June

A-51
A51.png
27 mm machine stamp, text not spread out
“B” 6.5 mm wide
Used in Mar. – Aug. 1947, mostly on foreign mail
Also known with missing "B" as in A-50

A-52
A52.png
Machine postal stamp, 38 x 22 mm slug
Used front & back by postal service to document time spent at the censor station
Used in Apr. 1947
Known with inverted slug and without slug

A49 COVER.jpg
AMERICAN ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:A49

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

"Berlin Censor Station – Postal Codes on Registered Letters

BERLIN REG MARK.png

4 digit numbers from July 1946
5 digit numbers in Sept. – Oct. 1946


Berlin Censor Station – “Released Unexamined” Marks

A-55a
A55a.png
36 mm, without censor number
Screw head in middle of PASSED
Blackish violet
Used in Summer 1946 only on foreign mail

A-55b
A55b.png
35 mm, without censor number
Screw head in middle of PASSED
Baseline of P(ASSE)D above right star
Grayish black
Used in Summer 1947 on foreign mail

A-56
A56.png
Machine roller stamp
Parallel lines vary from 38 to 45 mm
Red, exceptionally black
Used from Mar. 1947 to closing (Sept.?)

New information:
The black version was applied at the Berlin NW7 Soviet sector censorship office by an American censor stationed there. At some point the red version was moved from NW7 to SW11 in the American sector. First day for the black version is believed to be August 6, 1946



Bremerhaven Censor Station

A-1a: blue violet, violet, only known on cards
A-1b: blue violet, violet

No “Released Unexamined” stamps"

A56 COVER.jpg
AMERICAN ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:A56

The next part starts looking at British Zone marks.

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by maptrekker »

An example of the more "compact" type A-51 for comparison to type A-49.
American Zone Censor Type A-51.png

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Thank you for the example, maptrekker. That appears to be a scarcer mark.

Jay also gave an indication of estimated relative values. Although this is obviously from a few years ago do you think these would be of interest? I could add them at the end.

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by maptrekker »

Yes, relative values would be most welcome.

My collection of American Zone censored covers is overwhelmingly type A-2.

I assume that type is the most common.

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Yes, A2 is the most common type but it depends on the issuing station.

Here is a taste of the relative values- here for A2:

10000 – 11300 München WP 2
double censor WP 25
11500 – 11600 Nürnberg WP 2
11800 – 11999 Kulmbach WP 100
20000 – 215xx Offenbach WP
double censor WP 50
30000 – 30325 Berlin WP
32000 – 32xxx Bremerhaven WP
40000 – 41xxx Eßlingen WP 200

The "WP" apparently stands for "Wertpunkte" with plain "WP" being of the least value. For current prices obviously a quick look at Delcampe and ebay.de will give an idea.

He also uses "Lp" (Liebhaberpreis) for the very scarce items meaning effectively "what the market will bear"!

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

"British Zone (1945-1947)

Local & Regional Censor Marks

B-1
B1.png
Blue violet, violet

B-2
B2.png
34 mm
Red, blue black
Found on mail from Schleswig-Holstein to Hamburg
Used early to mid-Aug., 1945
Known only in post cards

B-3
B3.png
38 mm / 25 mm
Blue black, blue violet
Used in the Stade region
Known only in post cards

B-4a
B4a.png
Hameln post office
Red
Used 12 July to Aug. 1945

B-4b
B4b.png
Hameln post office
Red
Used 12 July to Aug. 1945"

I do not have examples to show- these are very scarce marks.

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

"British Zone (cont.)

B-5
B5.png
31.5 mm Initial 1 without base in British Zone
Violet (shades), blue, green, red

15128 – 15999 Peine
16000 – 16500 Peine
16190 – 16550 Berlin
16600 – 16699 Bonn
18000 – 18999 Bonn
19000 – 19500 Bonn
20000 – 20700 Hamburg

B-6
B6(1).png
B6(2).png
31.5 mm No. shifted left / No. shifted right
Violet (shades), black
“Old Crown”

0007 – 0500 Bonn
0501 – 0950 Hamburg
0951 – 1050 Bonn

B-7
B7(1).png
B7(2).png
31.5 mm No. shifted left / No. shifted right
Violet (shades), black (scarce)
Distance from crown to number varies
“New Crown”

1051 – 1299 Bonn
1500 – 1999 Hamburg
2000 – 2499 Bonn
2500 – 2999 Hamburg (255x used in Berlin)
3000 – 3499 Bonn
3500 – 3699 Hamburg
5000 – 5130 Berlin
5140 – 5499 Bonn
5500 – 5999 Hamburg

B-8
B8.png
31.5 mm, violet (shades) black
“Simplified New Crown”
Lines inside crown removed
First appeared in Summer 1947
Known from both Bonn and Hamburg

About 30 numbers known"

B5 COVER DC.jpg
BRITISH ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:B5 (DOUBLE CENSOR)

B5 COVER DC REV.jpg
BRITISH ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:B5 REVERSE


Image
BRITISH ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:B6

B7 COVER.jpg
BRITISH ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:B7

B8 CARD.jpg
BRITISH ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:B8

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

British Zone (cont.)

"Hamburg Censor Station

B-9
B9.png
31.5 mm
Violet (shades), black
About 30 numbers known
Found on censored insured mail with B-7

B-10
B10.png
31.5 mm
Violet (shades), black
About 30 numbers known Used in northern Germany
Violet
Used in 1947

Bonn Censor Station - Unknown Markings

UNKN1.png
9.5 mm
Black
Used at Bahnpostamt 10 (Köln-Deutz)
Used in Fall & Winter 1947
On front or back, domestic or foreign mail

On mail with Bonn censor mark

UNKN2.png
9.5 mm metal handstamp
Black
Found on censored mail; purpose unknown
Only known on domestic mail

UNKN3.png
8.5 mm rubber handstamp
Violet
Found on censored mail; purpose unknown

Others known, e.g. '23' (10 mm, Kiel?), '30' (Berlin?) etc."

Image
BRITISH ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:Bonn Unknown

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by maptrekker »

An example of the "scarce" black type B-7
Germany Censor B-7 Scarce Black Censor Mark.png
And this only because it is incoming and nachgebühr. This is the only incoming mail I have with Allied censorship.
Germany Censor B-5 Incoming and Nachgebühr.png

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Thanks for the examples, maptrekker. I see the sender of the first cover was the well known stamp dealer and concocter of philatelic covers: Karl Hennig!

With the second cover- if lowest weight step, the correct rate from GB was apparently 3d*, but the postage due seems high at 50Pf- even allowing for 1½ times amount underpaid!

*http://gbps.org.uk/information/rates/overseas/surface/letters-1875-1975.php

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by maptrekker »

Based on the post-WWII Allied occupation rate of 40 marks to the British £, and 240 pence to the £, I get

4000 pf / 240 pence = 16.67 pf to the penny.

A 2p deficiency would be 33.34 pf x 1.5 = 50.01 pf.

Spot on.

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

"British Zone – 1948-1954

B-11
B11.png
Modified B-7
Blue violet, violet, red (scarce), green (scarce)

1051 – 1099 Bonn
1300 – 1399 Bonn
1400 – 1499 Bonn
38xx Bonn
40xx Hamburg
5000 – 5130 Berlin
5140 – 5499 Bonn

B-12
B12.png
Modified B-11, number only
Blue violet
3000 – 3499 Bonn

B-13
B13.png
Modified B-7
Blackish blue 31xx, 32xx, 51xx, 52xx, 53xx Bonn"

Image
BRITISH ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:B11

Image
BRITISH ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:B12

In the next part we start looking at French Zone Marks.

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

maptrekker wrote:
24 Jun 2020 23:56
Based on the post-WWII Allied occupation rate of 40 marks to the British £, and 240 pence to the £, I get

4000 pf / 240 pence = 16.67 pf to the penny.

A 2p deficiency would be 33.34 pf x 1.5 = 50.01 pf.

Spot on.
Well done. They must have had tables of all the rates!

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

"French Zone – First Period

F-1
F1.png
34 mm
Violet
Used in Aug. – Sept. 1945, mostly on official mail
(Sometimes letters not opened)
Freiburg/Br. Censor Station

F-2
F2.png
37 x 24 mm
Red, blue
Used in Aug. – Oct. 1945, on official mail
Censor ID stamp on reverse
Singen / Donaueschingen

F-3
F3.png
40 x 22 mm
Blackish blue
Used in Sept. – Oct. 1945, on official mail
(Letters not opened)
Friedrichshafen

F-4
F4.png
14.5 mm high
Green, black
Used in Fall & Winter 1945/46
(Letters not opened)
Baden-Baden

F-5
F5.png
14.5 mm high
Black, blackish blue
Used in Fall 1945, on official mail
(Letters not opened)
Ravensburg / Friedrichshafen, Lindau

F-6
F6.png
44 x 24.5mm
Red, green
Used in Aug. – Sept. 1945
Kaiserslautern / Speyer"

These are all very scarce Marks. Note that French Zone censored covers normally bear the Censor Mark both on the front and reverse.

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

" French Zone – Second Period

Southern Zone, Baden

F-10
F10.png
42 x 26.5 mm
Accents: AUTORITÉS DE CONTRÔLE
Black
Used from late Fall 1945 to Fall 1946
Censor ID stamps in 13 x 10 mm rectangle
Baden-Baden-Oos Censor Station

F-11
F11.png
42 x 24 mm
No accents, “DE” smaller
Black, violet blue
Used in 1946, mostly on foreign mail
Censor ID stamps in 8 x 4.5 mm rectangle, nos. > 350
Singen / Donaueschingen Censor Station (?)

F-12
F12.png
42 x 24 mm (same as F-11)
Red violet (1945), later black
Used from late Fall 1945 to Spring 1947
Censor numbers (400-450) in blue violet, gray (red?)
Freiburg/Br. Censor Station

F-13
F13.png
42 x 26 mm
“DE” same size as other letters
Blue, black
Used through the beginning of 1947
Konstanz Censor Station (?)

Southern Zone, Württemberg

F-14
F14.png
42 x 26 mm (same as F-13)
Only known used in 1945
Waldshut Censor Station (?)

G.B.F. so far not found

F-16
F16.png
42 x 26 mm
With accents, no period after 2nd “G”
Black
Used through Summer 1946
Tübingen Censor Station (?)
44 x 24.5mm
Red, green
Used in Aug. – Sept. 1945
Kaiserslautern / Speyer"

F12 COVER.jpg
FRENCH ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:F16 (Not from my collection)

F12 COVER REV.jpg
FRENCH ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:F16 REVERSE (Not from my collection)

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

"French Zone – Second Period (cont.)

Southern Zone, Württemberg

F-17
F17.png
43 x 27 mm
With accents, central letters only 6 mm high
Black
Used through mid-1946
Tuttlingen Censor Station (?)

Southern Zone, Bavaria (Lindau)

F-18
F18.png
No period after “I”
Blackish blue, black, blue
Used from Fall 1945 (unopened) to Summer 1946
Lindau Censor Station
(possibly also Ravensburg / Friedrichshafen)

Northern Zone, Rheinland-Pfalz

F-19
F19.png
No period after “A”, accent on “E” but not “O”
Blackish blue, black
Used from Fall 1945 to Summer 1946
Speyer Censor Station (?)

F-20
F20.png
No accents
Red, only on registered mail
Used through Summer 1946
Kaiserslautern Censor Station (?)

F-21
F21.png
Same as F-20
Violet, black
Used from late 1945 to mid-1946
Censor ID stamps in 14 x 10 mm rectangle
Neustadt/Weinstr. Censor Station (?)

F-22
F22.png
Accents on “E” and “O”
Violet, black
Used only on foreign mail
Censor ID stamps in 15 x 12 mm rectangle (11-90)
Koblenz Censor Station (?)

Northern Zone, Rheinland-Pfalz

F-23
F23.png
Same as F-22 but smaller (41 x 25 mm)
Black
Used in Summer 1946
Sometimes with 3 digit censor ID (>200)
Neuwied Censor Station (?)

F-24
F24.png
43 x 27 mm, otherwise same as F-22
Censor ID (250 etc.) in 12 mm circle
Trier Censor Station

G.C.G. and G.C.H. so far not found"

F19 COVER.jpg
FRENCH ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:F19

F19 COVER REV.jpg
FRENCH ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:F19 REVERSE

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

"French Zone – Third Period

Northern Zone, Saar

F-27
F27.png
44 x 27 mm
Blackish blue, mostly weak strikes
Used from 1946 to Fall 1947
Saarbrücken Censor Station

Southern Zone

G.B.1 and G.B.2 so far not found

F-30
F30.png
40 x 20.5 mm, no accents
Black
Used in Fall 1947
Censor ID numbers >400
Freiburg/Br. Censor Station

F-31
F31.png
40 x 24 mm, accent over “E” but not “O”
Violet blue
Used in Fall 1947
Freiburg/Br. Censor Station

F-34
F34.png
F-18 (G.B.I) modified by hand
Blackish blue, mostly weak strikes
Used in Summer 1946
Lindau Censor Station"

F30 COVER.jpg
FRENCH ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:F30 (Not from my collection)

F30 COVER REV.jpg
FRENCH ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:F30 REVERSE (Not from my collection)

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

"French Zone – Third Period (Cont.)

Northern Zone

G.C.1 so far not found

F-37 (unlisted) Discovery Copy
F37.png
38 x 26 mm
Violet
Used 25.7.46, Pirmasens to France
Censor ID (italic 51) in 16 mm circle

F-38
F38.png
38 x 25.5 mm
Violet
Used mid-1946 to 1947
Censor ID (110-120) in 15 mm circle
Neustadt/Weinstraße Censor Station

F-38A (unlisted) Discovery Copy
F38A.png
41 x 23 mm
Violet
Used 20.3.47, Gimmeldingen to US
Censor ID 112 in 16 mm circle

F-39
F39(1).png
F39(2).png
Same as F-38, but rubber (43 x 27 to 50 x 33 mm)
Black
Used from July 1946 to 1947, only on foreign mail
Koblenz Censor Station

F-40
F40.png
43 x 25.5 mm
Black, violet (scarce)
Used early to mid-1947, mostly on foreign mail
Censor ID (150 etc.) in 15 mm circle
Koblenz Censor Station

Censor marks with blank centers and handwritten “206” or “208” (Riemer F-41 and F-42 are known."

F39 COVER.jpg
FRENCH ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:F39 (Not from my collection)

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

French Zone (cont.)

"Censor marks used on official mail

F-45
F45.png
35 mm
Blackish blue
Letters not opened

F-46
F46.png
53 x 22 mm
Blackish blue
Letters not opened


Miscellaneous Censorship Markings

F-50
F50.png
53 x 9.5 mm
Blackish blue
Used in the vicinity of Ravensburg through mid 1946
Letters not opened

F-51
F51.png
35 x 6 mm
Blackish blue
Used in the Saar in early 1946
Letters opened and resealed with neutral parchment

F-52
F52.png
30 mm
Blackish blue
Used in the Saar in early 1946
Letters opened and resealed"

The next part starts looking at Soviet Zone Marks.

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Soviet Zone

Ed. Note: A large number of local marks were initially used in this Zone- most are either scarce or very scarce.

Local Censorship

S-1
S1.jpg
Eberswalde
~28-35 x 8-10 mm, white paper
Typewritten (original or carbon copy) label
Used Aug. – Sept. 1945

S-2 / R-5
S2.jpg
Kyritz (Prign)
~21 mm, violet, assembled from a child’s type case
(early impressions clear, later difficult to read)
Used Oct. – Nov. 1945, only on outgoing mail

S-3
S3.jpg
Meyenburg (Prign)
~40 mm, red, later violet
Used Sept. 1945 – Jan. 1946

S-4
S4.jpg
Neuruppin
~20 mm, dark violet
Used July – Aug., 1945, only on outgoing mail

S-5 / R-8
S5.jpg
Perleberg
~14 mm, violet
Used Sept. 1945, only on outgoing mail

S-6 / R-6
S6.jpg
Pritzwalk
~28 x 21 mm, violet, dark violet, black
Used Sept. – Dec. 1945

S-7 / R-7
S7.jpg
Putlitx
~50 x 9 mm, red
Used Sept. – Nov. 1945

S-8 / R-12
S8.jpg
Bützow (Meckl)
~44 mm, red to lilac red
Used Aug. – Sept. 1945, only on outgoing mail

S-9
S9.jpg
Fürstenberg (Meckl)
~10 mm, violet, weak strikes
Used Aug. – Sept. 1945, only on outgoing mail”

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Soviet Zone

Local Censorship (cont.)

S-10a
S10a.jpg
Güstrow
~10 mm, violet to blue violet
Used Aug. 20 – Sept. 3, 1945

S-10b / R-10
S10b.jpg
Güstrow
39 mm, violet
Used Sept. 4 – 7, 1945

S-10c / R-11
S10c.jpg
Güstrow
~24 mm, blue violet
Used Sept. 8 – 15, 1945

S-11
S11.jpg
Krakow am See
~17 mm, violet
Used Aug. – Sept., 1945

S-12a/ R-13
S12a.jpg
Laage (Meckl)
~32 mm, violet
Used Aug. 1945 (for a few days only)

S-12b
S12b.jpg
Laage (Meckl)
~20 mm, violet, modified from S-12a
Used Aug. – Sept. 1945, only on outgoing mail

S-13
S13.jpg
Neubrandenburg
Handwritten “geprüft Lichtenstein” (often abbreviated)
Used Aug. – Sept. 1945

S-14 / R-14
S14.jpg
Schwaan (Meckl)
~25 mm, violet to dark violet
Used Aug. – Sept. 1945”

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Soviet Zone

"Local Censorship (Cont.)

S-15a / R-101
S15a.jpg
Döbeln
Hectographed label ~65 x 40 mm, gray white paper
Used Aug. – Sept. 1945

S-15b
S15b.jpg
Döbeln
Label ~80 x 35 mm, gray white paper
~65 x 12 mm rectangle, violet
Used Dec. 1945 = Jan. 1946

S-16
S16.jpg
Geringswalde
Postal seal, ~33 mm “zensiert” overprint in violet
Used Oct. – Nov. 1945

S-17 / R-1
S17.jpg
Görlitz
76 x 13 mm, blue violet
Used June 1945 to April 1946, on front on letters/cards
Examples known with missing letters in the 2nd line

S-17a
S17a.jpg
Görlitz
On reverse of opened letters
Sealed with (half) postal seals or plain brown tape

S-17 / R-1 Forgery
S17F.jpg
Görlitz
Forgery: 78 x 17 mm
Ed.Note: The Forgery is valued considerably higher than the genuine mark!

S-18
S18.jpg
Gößnitz (Kr. Altenburg)
~15 x 7 mm, red
Used Sept. 1945, only on outgoing mail"

GORLITZ CARD.jpg
SOVIET ZONE OF GERMANY CENSOR MARK EXAMPLE:S17

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Soviet Zone

"Local Censorship (Cont.)

S-19 / R-9
S19.jpg
Leisnig
26 x 10 mm, red, signed “M 2” or “S 4”
Used Sept. 1945, only on outgoing mail

S-20
S20.jpg
Lucka (Kr. Altenburg)
Overprinted in violet on scalloped wafer
Used July 1945
All known covers addressed to Finanzamt Altenburg

S-21 / R-2
S21.jpg
Lunzenau
~23 mm, violet
Used Sept. – Oct. 1945, only on outgoing mail

S-22
S22.jpg
Niesky (Oberlausitz)
38 x 14 mm, violet to dark violet
Used July – Sept. 1945, only on outgoing mail

S-23
S23.jpg
Weißwasser (Oberlausitz)
~21 mm, red
Used Jully – Aug. 1945

S-24a
S24a.jpg
Werdau (Sachs) 1
~40 x 50 hectographed label
(Different alignments of the 3 lines exist)
Gummed gray white paper
Used July – Aug. 1945

S-24b-1 / R-100
S24b1.jpg
Werdau (Sachs) 1
Postal seal, white, yellow or parchment paper
Hectographed “Zensur”
Used July – Aug. 1945, only on incoming mail

S-24b-2
S24b2.jpg
Werdau (Sachs) 2
Postal seal, white, yellow or parchment paper
Hectographed “Zensur”
Used July – Aug. 1945, only on incoming mail"

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Soviet Zone

"Local Censorship (Cont.)

S-25a
S25a.png
Zwenkau (Bz Leipzig)
Handwritten “Gepr. K“
Used Aug. 1945

S-25b
S25b.png
Zwenkau (Bz Leipzig)
Violet
Used Aug. – Sept. 1945, only on outgoing mail

S-26
S26.png
Magdeburg
38 / 26 mm, violet (similar to B-3, but with ‘3’ at top)
Used in July 1945 for about 3 weeks after the British
Forces pulled back to their occupation zone

S-26a
S26a.png
Thale (Harz)
Used July 1945

S-27a
S27a.png
Torgau
36 x 24 mm, red
Used Aug.- Sept. 1945

S-27b
S27B.png
Torgau
36 x 24 mm, red
Used Aug.- Sept. 1945

Unclarified Censor Mark

R-4
R4.png
13 mm
Gößnitz (Kr. Altenburg)"

In the next part we look at Soviet Zone Regional Censorship.

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Soviet Zone

Clandestine Censorship
The censors cut or slit open one side of the envelope. Following examination of the contents, the envelope was resealed with glue from the inside. If necessary, the contents were protected with a small folded strip of plain paper or portion of a Russian language newspaper.
This form of censorship is known from December 1945 through Spring 1947.

”Open” regional censorship, using a Russian language censor mark, began in early April 1947 as a result of the Allied Control Council hearing complaints from the Western Allies regarding what postal patrons perceived as “damaged” or “tampered (with)” mail. The method of opening and regluing from the inside continued.

Regional Censorship

S-40 / (R-20, R-21, R-22)

R-20
R20(1).png
R-21
R21(1).png
R-22
R22(1).png
R-20: 33 mm (inner circle 21-23 mm)
letters close to double outer circle
R-21: 35 mm (sometimes up to 41 mm)
letters separated from double circle
R-22: 34 mm, single outer circle
5308 (handwritten) and 5348 only

Colors: blue, blue violet,
(scarcer: black, red, green, brown)"

CENSOR NO DOC(1).jpg
CENSOR NO DOC (2).jpg
In the next part I will show examples.

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Soviet Zone Regional Censorship Examples

Note that I have not tried to distinguish between R20 and R21.

SZ CENS 5225 COVER.jpg
SOVIET ZONE REGIONAL CENSORSHIP EXAMPLE:S40- 5225 BERLIN

SZ CENS 5225 FRONT.jpg
SOVIET ZONE REGIONAL CENSORSHIP EXAMPLE:S40- 5225 BERLIN (FRONT)

SZ CENS 5228 COVER.jpg
SOVIET ZONE REGIONAL CENSORSHIP EXAMPLE:S40- 5228 BERLIN

SZ CENS 5228 FRONT.jpg
SOVIET ZONE REGIONAL CENSORSHIP EXAMPLE:S40- 5228 BERLIN (FRONT)

SZ CENS 5242 COVER.jpg
SOVIET ZONE REGIONAL CENSORSHIP EXAMPLE:S40- 5242 BERLIN

SZ CENS 5242 FRONT.jpg
SOVIET ZONE REGIONAL CENSORSHIP EXAMPLE:S40- 5242 BERLIN (FRONT)

The next part continues with more examples.

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Soviet Zone Regional Censorship Examples (cont.)

SZ CENS 5324 COVER.jpg
SOVIET ZONE REGIONAL CENSORSHIP EXAMPLE:S40- 5324 BERLIN (Foreign Section)

SZ CENS 5324 FRONT.jpg
SOVIET ZONE REGIONAL CENSORSHIP EXAMPLE:S40- 5324 BERLIN (Foreign Section) FRONT

SZ CENS 5350 CARD.jpg
SOVIET ZONE REGIONAL CENSORSHIP EXAMPLE:S40- 5350 SACHSEN (Leipzig)

SZ CENS 5429 COVER.jpg
SOVIET ZONE REGIONAL CENSORSHIP EXAMPLE:S40- 5429 BRANDENBURG (Potsdam)

SZ CENS 5429 COVER FRONT.jpg
SOVIET ZONE REGIONAL CENSORSHIP EXAMPLE:S40- 5429 BRANDENBURG (Potsdam) FRONT

SZ CENS 6236 COVER.jpg
SOVIET ZONE REGIONAL CENSORSHIP EXAMPLE:S40- 6236 BRANDENBURG (Cottbus)

SZ CENS 6236 FRONT.jpg
SOVIET ZONE REGIONAL CENSORSHIP EXAMPLE:S40- 6236 BRANDENBURG (Cottbus) FRONT

The next part continues with more examples.

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Soviet Zone Regional Censorship Examples (cont.)

SZ CENS 6265 COVER.jpg
SOVIET ZONE REGIONAL CENSORSHIP EXAMPLE:S40- 6265 MECKLENBURG-VORPOMMERN (Stralsund)

SZ CENS 6265 FRONT.jpg
SOVIET ZONE REGIONAL CENSORSHIP EXAMPLE:S40- 6265 MECKLENBURG-VORPOMMERN (Stralsund) FRONT


SZ CENS 6312 COVER.jpg
SOVIET ZONE REGIONAL CENSORSHIP EXAMPLE:S40- 6312 SACHSEN-ANHALT (Magdeburg)


SZ CENS 6312 FRONT.jpg
SOVIET ZONE REGIONAL CENSORSHIP EXAMPLE:S40- 6312 SACHSEN-ANHALT (Magdeburg) FRONT

SZ CENS 6359 COVER.jpg
SOVIET ZONE REGIONAL CENSORSHIP EXAMPLE:S40- 6359 THÜRINGEN (Weimar)

SZ CENS 6359 FRONT.jpg
SOVIET ZONE REGIONAL CENSORSHIP EXAMPLE:S40- 6359 THÜRINGEN (Weimar) FRONT

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Soviet Zone (cont.)

"Postal Markings Applied to Censored Mail

P-1
P1.png
Halle (Saale)
Black, used March – June 1946 on registered mail

P-2
P2.png
Dresden A 24
Black, used July – Oct. 1946 on registered mail

P-3
P3.png
Dresden A 24, Bautzen 1
Second strike of postmark, used to record return from
the Censor Station
Used in 1947, mostly on printed matter

P-4
P4.png
Dresden A 24
Violet, used in November 1948

P-5
P5.png
Bautzen 1
Printed label
Violet, used May – August 1948 on insured mail

P-6
P6.png
Leipzig C 2
Handstamp on neutral label
Violet, used in February 1948 on insured mail

P-7 / R30
P7.png
Chemnitz 4
20 mm, always with “43760”
Red, used in 1948 on printed matter

P-8 / R-35a&b
P8(1).png
P8(2).png
P8(3).png
Leipzig C 2
Various circles with “10b” (Postal Routing Number)
Used from January 1950
Green until August 1950, then color changed monthly"

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Return Marks, Labels, and Enclosures

From Postal History, Postwar Years of Germany 1945-1948;Stich and Stich;1994:

“Numerous marks, labels and enclosures with various messages were used. The single word “Züruck” (return) gives no indication to the reason of this decision. Other marks explain in details why the postal item was refused delivery. This aspect of postal history has not received the attention it merits. No catalog has been published to place the refusal marks, labels and enclosures into categories considering their origins, objectives or language.”

Ed. Note- All the above appear to be scarce or very scarce.

Image
BRITISH ZONE OF GERMANY RETURN MARK EXAMPLE

Image
BRITISH ZONE OF GERMANY RETURN MARK EXAMPLE- REVERSE

In the next part I will summarise the relative values of the various censor marks, as indicated with the original information.

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by maptrekker »

That is a really impressive collection of Russian Zone censor marks. Excellent.

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

maptrekker wrote:
13 Jul 2020 13:06
That is a really impressive collection of Russian Zone censor marks. Excellent.

Thanks. It took a while to obtain one from each of the number ranges (Brandenburg has 2 ranges, of course).

One of them just happened to be on the back of a cover I had purchased for a different reason- sometimes you can be lucky!

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Censor Mark Values

As mentioned previously, in Jay's original documentation he gave suggested relative values. As with catalogue values these will only give an indication of relative scarcity and not their current value or likely price on the market.

In his list "WP" apparently stands for "Wertpunkte" (Value points) with plain "WP" being of the least value. For current prices obviously a quick look at Delcampe and ebay.de will give an idea.

He also uses "Lp" (Liebhaberpreis) for the very scarce items meaning effectively "what the market will bear"!

Some are valued in DM (Deutsche Marks). 2DM=1Euro (Approx.).

(Note that not all marks are valued-also remember that these assessments are now some years old).

AM ZONE VALS(1).jpg
AM ZONE VALS(2).jpg
AM ZONE VALS(3).jpg

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

AM Z VALS MUNCH1(1).jpg
AM Z VALS MUNCH1(2).jpg
AM Z VALS MUNCH2.jpg

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

AM Z VALS3.jpg
AM Z VALS3(2).jpg

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

BRIT Z VALS1.png

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

The list below was unfortunately omitted so that if printing these out it should appear before the previously posted one.

BR Z VALS 1a.jpg

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Re: Censor Marks in Allied Occupied Germany- Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

British Zone (cont.)

BRIT Z VALS3.jpg

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