My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

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johnrcrow
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My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by johnrcrow »

Thought it might be useful to look my collection of German colonies and Post offices abroad.

I will add details from Michel catalogue when dealing with specific areas.

This is a big field and I do not have all the stamps in the series. It is also complicated in terms of all the usual areas of philately and I hope others will show their examples and introduce there expertise.

Background.

With the establishment of a colonial empire by the unified Germany after 1871 (before the issuance of specific stamps inscribed with the name of the colony), definitive stamps of Germany were used.

Only postally used stamps can be identified as used in the colony as the cancellation mark identifies the point of origin.These stamps are known as "Vorläufer" (forerunner) stamps.

By about 1897 provisional stamps in the form of German definite stamps with overprints identifying the colony came into use.

By the end of 1900 and early 1901 a yacht issue was printed in Berlin and issued for each colony with its identifying inscription, initially without watermarks, and by 1905 onwards as a reissue with lozenges watermarks.

German colonial postal services ceased at varying times during World War I as the colonies were occupied by forces of the Allies.

During occupation, German yacht series stamps were used for a limited time with overprints in a number of territories. In Germany, even after the loss of the colonies, the Reichspost continued to sell yacht stamps of colonies for dealers and collectors until after World War I, such stamps, however, were not postally used.

Most German colonial stamps were denominated in German Currency (1 Mark = 100 Pfennig). However, German East Africa used its own currency on stamps of 1893 and later, the Rupie (1 Rupee = 64 Pesa and from 1905 1 Rupie = 100 Heller) and the leased Chinese territory of Kiautschou used the Chinese dollar ($1 = 100 Cents) from 1905.

German colonies have been a popular philatelic area and, as a rule of thumb, vorläufer stamps as well as used stamps of high denomination tend to be quite valuable.

Se-tenants (Zusammendrucke) were issued for Kamerun, German South-West Africa, and German East Africa and consist of stamps that were sold together with advertisement stamps.

German Colonial stamps should not be confused with foreign offices stamps that were issued in China, Morocco, and Turkey in agreement with local authorities.

German colonies

German East Africa


German postal services in German East Africa started on October 4, 1890.[2] However, before the Heligoland-Zanzibar Treaty German postal offices were briefly in operation at Lamu (November 22, 1888, to March 31, 1891) and Zanzibar (August 27, 1890, to July 31, 1891). Initially, definite German stamps were used.

By July 1, 1893, overprints were used to indicate the local currency, namely pesa, and three years later the overprint also included the name of the colony "Deutsch-Ostafrika".

The yacht issue arrived on January 1, 1901, and was modified in 1905 by the switch to the Heller currency, and in 1906 and later by the use of a watermark.

During World War I stamps became scarce in the colony. In some instances stamps of the cruiser Königsberg were used in 1916. The last issues were the 2.5 heller, 7.5 heller and 1 rupee stamps that did not follow the yacht design but were locally produced at the mission printing office Wuga at Wilhelmsthal (Lushoto) in 1916.[3]

Gradually, during World War I, more and more parts of the colony were occupied by British, Belgian, and Portuguese forces who issued their own stamps. In 1915, the British authorities used the yacht stamps with overprints.

German New Guinea

In German New Guinea issues of the German Empire were denominated in Pfennigs and Marks and were first used on February 15, 1888; later at various postal offices.[4] These issues are recognised by the cancellation mark.
Starting in 1897 German definitive stamps carried the overprint "Deutsch-Neu-Guinea" allowing also for the identification of unused stamps.

On January 1, 1901, the yacht issues for "Deutsch-Neu-Guinea" were introduced with values from 3 Pfennigs to 5 Marks. The 3 values of the 1914 yacht modification carry the inscription "Deutsch-Neuguinea" and have lozenge watermarks.

The 3 Pfennig issue from 1919 has the inscription "Deutsch-Neu-Guinea" and watermarks and was not used postally. British-Australian occupation stamps in the form of "G.R.I." overprinted yacht stamps started to be used from October 1914.[5] Cancellation marks are Finschhafen, Hatzfeldhafen, Kerawara, Konstantinhafen, Stephansort, Herbertshöhe, Friedrich-Wilhelmshafen, Matupi, and Berlinhafen.

German South-West Africa

Definitive German stamps were used first in German South-West Africa in 1888 and their use is only recognizable by the cancellation mark of the Colonial post office (i.e. " Otyimbingue, Keetmanshoop, Windhoek, Swakopmund").

Starting in May 1897, German stamps with the overprint "Deutsch-Südwest-Afrika" and one year later "Deutsch-Südwestafrika" were used.

The yacht issue was introduced in November 1900 inscribed "Deutsch-Südwestafrika" first without watermarks, and with lozenge water marks in 1906 and later.

In September 1915 the territory was occupied by South Africa and German colonial postal service ceased to exist.


Caroline Island

German postal services started in the Caroline Islands on October 12, 1899, and consisted of overprinted ("Karolinen") German stamps.[7] The yacht issue was introduced in January 1901. Lack of stamps led to the Ponape issues in 1905 and 1910 when stamps were either split or overprinted to stretch use.


Kamerun

German stamps were first used in German Kamerun on February 7, 1887, in the form of Vorläufer stamps that can be recognized by the "Kamerun" and "Viktoria" cancellation marks.

In April 1897, German provisionals with "Kamerun" overprint became available. In November 1900, the yacht issue was introduced.

The watermarked version of the yacht issues appeared from 1905. Shortage of stamps led to the "Longji" issue of 1911.

The German post office closed in 1915 with the British occupation, Kamerun yacht stamps were overprinted "C.E.F." (Cameroons Expeditionary Force) and British currency denominations. Kamerun yacht stamps (with watermark) were issued to collectors in Germany between 1915 and 1919.

Kiautschou

German stamps were first used in Kiautschou on January 26, 1898, in the form of Vorläufer stamps that can be recognized by the “Tsingtau” cancellation mark.[9] On May 9, 1900, German stamps with "China" overprint and German Pfenning surcharge became available.

In January 1901, the yacht issue was introduced. The Pfenning/Mark denomination was replaced in 1905 with a new yacht issue in cents and dollars. The German post office closed with the Japanese occupation on November 7, 1914.


Mariana Islands

German stamps were first used in the German Mariana Islands on November 18, 1899, in the form of overprinted (“Marianen").[

In May 1900, German provisionals with overprints were issued followed by the yacht issue in January 1901. The German post office closed with the Japanese occupation on October 14, 1914. Yacht stamps with lozenge watermarks were issued in Germany later for collectors.

Marshall Islands

German postal service started in the German Marshall Islands on October 1, 1888, evident in the form of vorläufer stamps that can be recognized by the "Jaluit" cancellation mark.

In 1897 German stamps with "Marschall-Inseln" overprint became available and replaced by 1899 with the "Marshall-Inseln" overprint.

In January 1901, the yacht issue was introduced. The German post office closed with the British occupation on December 16, 1914. Yacht stamps were overprinted with "G.R.I." and new British denominations. In Germany between 1916 and 1919 Marshall-Inseln yacht stamps (with water mark) were sold to collectors.

Samoa

German stamps were first used in German Samoa on September 21, 1886 in the form of vorläufer stamps that can be recognized by the "Apia" cancellation mark.

In April, 1900 German stamps with "Samoa" overprint became available.

In December 1900, the yacht issue was introduced. The German post office closed with the British occupation on September 3, 1914. "G.R.I." overprinted yacht stamps carried British denominations. In Germany between 1915 and 1919 Samoa yacht stamps (with water mark) were sold to collectors.

Togo
German stamps were first used in German Togo on March 1, 1888 in the form of vorläufer stamps that can be recognized by the "Klein-Popo" and "Lome" cancellation marks.

In 1897, 1900 German stamps with "Togo" overprint became available.

In November 1900, the yacht issue was introduced. It was replaced in 1909 with the water-marked issues.

The German post office closed with the British occupation in September, 1914 and French occupation in October, 1914. The occupying forces used yacht issues with "Anglo-French Occupation" overprints. In Germany between 1915 and 1919 Samoa yacht stamps (with water mark) were sold to collectors.


German post offices abroad

The German post offices abroad were an extraterritorial network of German post offices in foreign countries with a significant German commercial interest to provide mail service where the local services were generally deemed unsafe or unreliable such as China, Morocco, Ottoman Empire and Zanzibar. The system ended during or shortly after World War I.

The cancellation mark of the mail processed by the German system in the early period are the only means of identifying the point of use; such stamps are known as "Vorläufer" (forerunner) stamps.

Later stamps are identified by overprints of the place of issuance even when not for postal use. German abroad stamps started appearing in the late 19th century and reached their heyday at the beginning of the 20th century.[
Stamps from German post offices abroad are popular with collectors and some can be valuable.

Ottoman Empire

The German post offices abroad were a network of post offices in foreign countries established by Germany to provide mail service where the local services were deemed unsafe or unreliable. They were generally set up in cities with some sort of German commercial interest. In early use only the cancellation mark can identify their postal use abroad; such stamps are known as "Vorläufer" (forerunner) stamps.

Later stamps are identified by overprints even when not postally used. German abroad stamps started appearing in the late 19th century and reached their heyday at the beginning of the 20th century; they closed down during or shortly after World War I.

It was not unusual for countries to maintain such offices and Austria-Hungary, China, France, Greece, Italy, Romania, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States all did so. In the latter part of the 19th century and into the 20th century, having extraterritorial post offices was one indication of a nation's international power.

On March 1, 1870, the Norddeutscher Postbezirk (the postal service of the North German Confederation) opened its first office in Constantinople (Istanbul) using definitive stamps without overprint.

After January 1872, the Reichspost took over the management of the office and expanded it further as "Deutsche Post in der Türkei".

Prior to 1884, this office used ordinary definitive German stamps without any distinctive overprint.[3]

Starting in 1884, stamps began to be issued with overprints restating the stamp's face value in the Turkish denominations, i.e. piasters and paras. The overprint did not include an additional country name, as was the case with stamps issued for use at the German post offices in Morocco and China.

As was the case with all German Offices Abroad issues, stamps issued prior to 1905 had overprints in a “Latin” font in several varieties.

Starting in 1905, the overprint was changed to a “Gothic” font which continued in use until the beginning of the First World War.[4]

Beginning in 1908, the German Post Offices in Turkey issued an additional set of stamps which it sold at the same time as the series overprinted with values in Turkish piasters. This 1908 series had diagonal overprints with new denominations in French centimes instead of horizontal overprints in Turkish piaster denominations.

The Reichspost decided to issue this French currency series as exchange rates made the parcel post rates charged by the German Post Office more expensive than those of other countries also operating in Turkey. For whatever reason, accepting French francs in exchange for stamps apparently made the German Parcel Post rates more competitive once more.[5]

With the entry of Turkey into World War I the offices were closed on 30 September 1914.

Morocco

German post offices in Morocco (German: Deutsche Post in Marokko) started to operate in 1899. German definitive stamps were used with overprints; after the first issue the value was changed to pesetas and centimos. German post offices closed in French-controlled Morocco in 1914, and in Spanish-controlled Morocco and Tangier in 1919.

China

German post offices in China (German: Deutsche Post in China) started to operate in 1886. Initially definitive stamps were used without overprint; such a stamp used in China is only recognisable by its cancellation.

In 1898 stamps were issued with a diagonal overprint reading "China".

From 1900 onwards, stamps of the Germania definitive series were issued with new style of horizontal "China" overprint.

After 1905, a third "Gothic" style of "China" overprint was applied to Germania stamps which also obliterated the stamps' face value as stated in German mark and pfennig value and replaced with equivalent face values in Chinese dollars and cents.

All German post offices in China closed after China declared war on Germany on 16 March 1917 if they were still operating on that date.[Some had closed before this.

Forgeries

As many stamps of the colonies are valuable yet based on commonly available definitive German stamps, the stage is set for forgery. A forger may just "overprint" a common stamp of the period. Forgeries started to appear as early as 1903.[

A notable forger was François Fournier who produced "reproductions" which are close enough to the originals to fool the unsuspecting buyer.

In recent years, the so-called "Hialeah Forgeries" have appeared on eBay and other auctions and include, among others, stamps from the Marshall Islands with falsified "G.R.I." overprints.[ In the "Blüm Case", a forger produced false cancellation and expertising stamps that were applied to German colony stamps and others.

As indicated earlier, I shall show my collection and go into some detail based on Michel criteria. I show NO "Vorläufer" (forerunner) stamps and hope others can supply examples.

Here are a few examples of the types of issues.

Scan 1.
German colonies postage stamps. Early German stamp issue with overprint.
German colonies postage stamps. Early German stamp issue with overprint.






Scan 2.
German colonies postage stamps. Later Krone and Adler issues with overprints.
German colonies postage stamps. Later Krone and Adler issues with overprints.







Scan 3.
German colonies postage stamps. German stamp issue Germania with overprint.
German colonies postage stamps. German stamp issue Germania with overprint.









Scan 4.
German colonies postage stamps. High denomination REICHPOST with overprint.
German colonies postage stamps. High denomination REICHPOST with overprint.








Scan 5.
German colonies postage stamps. Yacht design.
German colonies postage stamps. Yacht design.








Scan 6.
German colonies postage stamps. Berlin printed large yacht design.
German colonies postage stamps. Berlin printed large yacht design.
All expanded when I look at my offerings.

A couple of Michel indents.





Flaws.
German colonies postage stamps. Flaw considerations.
German colonies postage stamps. Flaw considerations.





Counter sets.
German colonies postage stamps. Counter sets.
German colonies postage stamps. Counter sets.
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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by 60366 »

JohnCrow,
Great idea for a thread and very good informative write up. I will try and post a few examples from my collection plus a few covers.I will start with German Post Offices overseas and later show some German Colonies which will take a few days to organise.

CHINA
German Empire postal offices started to operate in 1886. Town names , as used on their C.D.S.
Shanghai, Tientsin, Tschifu, Amoy, Kanton, Futschau, Nanking, Peking, Swatau, Tsinanfu, Tschinklang, Tongue, Weihsien, Itschang, Tschingtschoufu, Tschonsun.

Forerunners as identified by their cancellation.
4DF8D15D-2615-4486-8D38-8FCA6A58A3BA.jpeg
In March 1898 German stamps were overprinted “CHINA” diagonally. The first issue was positioned at 45 degree angle. In December 1898 the angle of the overprint was changed to 56 degrees.
3CD5CA1F-9D13-45A8-8033-0F36FF83EBBE.jpeg
In 1901 the overprint was changed to a horizontal “CHINA” overprint.
01FA4921-DB31-41B9-9B11-2F09A1E1A576.jpeg
In 1905 German stamps were overprinted “China” in a new font and surcharged in the Chinese currency.
F4AAF04A-79C3-47BC-B27F-AA9C11A51420.jpeg
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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by johnrcrow »

Thanks 60366.

I am starting with my China, so here goes. We can come back to your input after my offering. The forerunners are exciting and great to see this early in thread.

Taken from album pages and put in Michel sequence.

I add detail (slimmed down) from Michel specialised in English and anyone seriously interested in this area has to get a copy of relevant Michel catalogue. I hope the ´plug`avoids conflicts in my reproducing rights. :?:


Michel 1 to 14 have sloping overprints (OP).

The earlier stamp OPs (Mi.1 I to 7 I, as compared to later Mi.1 II to 6 II, slope least.

Here is a comparison.
German Foreign Offices China postage stamps. Comparson of sloping overprints on early (left stamps) and later issues.
German Foreign Offices China postage stamps. Comparson of sloping overprints on early (left stamps) and later issues.


Scan 7.
German Foreign Offices China postage stamps. Michel 1 I to 7 I.
German Foreign Offices China postage stamps. Michel 1 I to 7 I.
Note

a. The high CV fr the 3Pf Mi.1 I a and b shades.
b. The Michel (Mi.) 7 I A,7 iI B and 7 II from 1900 have black hand cancel 5 Pf.
The are rare and command a high CV (as in red box, mint NH, MH and used prices in €)



Scan 8.
German Foreign Offices China postage stamps. Michel 1 I to 6 I.
German Foreign Offices China postage stamps. Michel 1 I to 6 I.






Scan 9.
German Foreign Offices China postage stamps.  Michel 1 II to 6 II.
German Foreign Offices China postage stamps. Michel 1 II to 6 II.







Scan 10.
German Foreign Offices China postage stamps. Michel Table Michel 1 II to 6 II.
German Foreign Offices China postage stamps. Michel Table Michel 1 II to 6 II.







Scan11.
German Foreign Offices China postage stamps. Michel 8 to 14 empty page (slots only for stamps).
German Foreign Offices China postage stamps. Michel 8 to 14 empty page (slots only for stamps).
This can added to show null stamps, not surprising since all are extremely rare and have very high CVs.
German Foreign Offices China postage stamps. Michel 8-14.
German Foreign Offices China postage stamps. Michel 8-14.


Note also that shades are important in assessing stamps as to rarity and hence perceived CVs.
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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by johnrcrow »

Scan 12. REICHPOST ISSUES:
German Foreign Offices China postage stamps. Mi. 15-27.
German Foreign Offices China postage stamps. Mi. 15-27.





Scan 13.
German Foreign Offices China postage stamps.  Table for Mi. 15-27.
German Foreign Offices China postage stamps. Table for Mi. 15-27.




Scan 14. DEUTSCHES REICH ISSUES NO WATERMARK
German Foreign Offices China postage stamps. Mi. 28-37.
German Foreign Offices China postage stamps. Mi. 28-37.


Scan 15.
German Foreign Offices China postage stamps. Mi. table for 28-37.
German Foreign Offices China postage stamps. Mi. table for 28-37.




Scan 16. DEUTSCHES REICH ISSUES WITH WATERMARK
German Foreign Offices China postage stamps. Mi. 38-47.
German Foreign Offices China postage stamps. Mi. 38-47.


Scan 17.
German Foreign Offices China postage stamps. Mi. table for 38-47
German Foreign Offices China postage stamps. Mi. table for 38-47
Quite a mixture here with many variations on the various issues.
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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by Lakatoi 4 »

We’ll set out and a very compressive list, keep the series examples coming as well as any flaws you might have 8-)

Of course I’m waiting on the German New Guinea and other Pacific area series :!:
Tony
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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by johnrcrow »

Thanks Lakatoi.

Will ´do` the Post Offices abroad first, then into the colonies.

Morocco next.

John
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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by 60366 »

JohnCrow, will try and supplement after your relevant input. Hope it works out OK.

First cover in action. Mailed Tientsin 19.7.1910 from the German Consulate in Tientsin to Peking. Rated at 40cents with block of twenty 2cent stamps. Arrival mark for Peking 20.7.1910 shown.
33054900-66B3-4B19-B9D3-39375F6CA12A.jpeg
28DB8EF8-149A-4B91-A152-6762D6802810.jpeg
Although not stamped ,showing this card for interest as think it fits in with the philatelic story re the Boxer rebellion at this time..German feldpost card 15.6.1901 to Berlin. Cancel shows K.D. feldpostexped Ostasiatischen Expedition Korps 2 Battalion. Pen drawing on reverse.
The Boxer rebellion was a uprising which took place in China at the end of the Qing dynasty (1899-1901). they were motivated by pro nationalist sentiment and opposition to foreign presence and Christian missionary activity. Foreigners and Chinese Christians took refuge in the legation quarters. The “Boxers” placed the legations under siege. The Allied eight nation alliance sent 20,000 troops to China and defeated the Chinese Imperial Army.
1F5FE462-498F-4543-B05A-06B938CF32D7.jpeg
5138F847-0E26-47D6-87A4-D15413CEB3D8.jpeg
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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by johnrcrow »

Excellent 60366.

The forerunners shown and Boxer rebellion example and reference are ideal to my offerings on China.

Johnrcrow
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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by johnrcrow »

Morocco German Foreign Post Offices.

First three album pages of mine, then into the more detailed look.

Good opportunity to review what I had and already saw a mistake in Scan 19 for 5 centimes OP on a DEUTSCHES REICH stamp, since solved.

Plenty of gaps where the rarer and therefore more expensive stamps are needed.

Scan 18.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Page 1 of album.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Page 1 of album.






Scan 19.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Page 2 of album.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Page 2 of album.





Scan 20.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Page 3 of album.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Page 3 of album.

Michel begins with unissued stamps from 1899.


Scan 21.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Michel table for unissued stamps from 1899.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Michel table for unissued stamps from 1899.




Scan 22.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Michel table (Mi. 1-6) for stamps from 1899.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Michel table (Mi. 1-6) for stamps from 1899.




Scan 23.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Michel 1-6 for stamps from 1899.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Michel 1-6 for stamps from 1899.
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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by johnrcrow »

1900-1903 into the REICHSPOST stamps Mi. 7 to 19.

Scan 24.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Michel details for Mi. 7-19.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Michel details for Mi. 7-19.





Scan 25. My Mi. 7-19 examples. Very needy lot.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Mi. 7-19 from album page.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Mi. 7-19 from album page.
I had not realised that one can look for variants in the OP as to whether stamps I or II can be established.
Worth looking harder at examples as some ´II`s are rare!


Scan 26.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Differences between overprints for Mi. 7-19
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Differences between overprints for Mi. 7-19
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Differences between overprints for Mi. 7-19 for officially unissued stamps.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Differences between overprints for Mi. 7-19 for officially unissued stamps.

Here is an example of MI. 8 I. and 8 II. from my stamps.

Note the `t`on left hand stamp is different as shown in Michel table as well as being a heavier OP. (bold OP).
No luck for rarer versions.


b]Scan 27.[/b]
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Michel 8 I and 8 II difference in Overprint looking at the `t`in ´centimos`:
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Michel 8 I and 8 II difference in Overprint looking at the `t`in ´centimos`:




Scan 28. Flaws.

Always useful to look out for flaws either on underlying stamp or for the OP.

Also look for narrow and wide stamps on Krone/Adler series. I shall show some later for another post office area.

Of course one really needs the relevant literature e.g Krone /Adler series have thousands of flaws. Michel only listing ones it considers major (?).



German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Flaws table from Michel for Mi. 7-19.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Flaws table from Michel for Mi. 7-19.
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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by johnrcrow »

Scan 29. Mi.20. REICHSPOST 5 on 5Pf green with Gothic OP.

German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps.  Mi.20. REICHSPOST 5 on 5Pf  green with Gothic OP.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Mi.20. REICHSPOST 5 on 5Pf green with Gothic OP.





Scan 30. Marocco OP on DEUTSCHES REICH issues. Basic design. Gothic script OP. Large size stamps as shown in album illustrations.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Basic design for Marocco OP on DEUTSCHES REICH issues.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Basic design for Marocco OP on DEUTSCHES REICH issues.







Scan 31. Michel table for 21-33, no watermark 1905.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Michel 21-33 table. No watermark.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Michel 21-33 table. No watermark.




Scan 32. Michel table for Mi. 34-45, watermarked lozenges 1906.

German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Michel 21-33 table. Watermarked.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Michel 21-33 table. Watermarked.






Scan 33. Album page with examples Mi. 21-45.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Album page with examples Mi. 21-45.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Album page with examples Mi. 21-45.
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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by johnrcrow »

1911. Change of script from ´Marocco` to ´Marokko`.

I think Michel got it wrong in saying name changed to `Morocco`, see scan 35 Table header?


Scan 34.Basic designs.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Basic designs for Mi.46-58 OP.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Basic designs for Mi.46-58 OP.



Scan 35.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Michel table for Mi.46-58 Marokko OP.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Michel table for Mi.46-58 Marokko OP.





Scan 36. Album page showing Mi.46-58
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Album page showing Mi.46-58.
German Foreign Offices Morocco postage stamps. Album page showing Mi.46-58.
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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by 60366 »

German post offices in Morocco consisted of Casablanca, Fes, Larache, Marrakesh, Mazagan, Mogador, Rabat, Safire, Tanger and Tetuan. Examples of German stamps cancelled in the French and Spanish controlled zones are also known.

Here are a few of the town postal cancellations including nice postcard postmarked Fes.
5B5520BB-1F55-4ED3-A058-43ACD7EA05AB.jpeg
0DBA342A-194F-4101-8131-3F5AB7C5DB43.jpeg
57AD3B81-8177-4FA4-B759-B5A54091C580.jpeg
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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by 60366 »

Taken from Albert Friedemann’s booklet on German Offices in Morocco , illustrations of the German Post Offices in Alkessar and Fes.(Alkessar being in the Spanish Zone?).







69EF715A-95C0-4385-8350-384979471553.jpeg
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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by johnrcrow »

Useful information 60366 bringing in cancellation area. Keep it coming.

Next is Turkey.

First an overview of my album pages then into more detailed look. A little more complete collection.


Scan 37.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. Album page 1.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. Album page 1.





Scan 38.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. Album page 2.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. Album page 2.





Scan 39.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. Album page 3.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. Album page 3.
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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by johnrcrow »

Scan 40. Turkey 1884. Mi. 1-5.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. 1884 issues Mi.1-5.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. 1884 issues Mi.1-5.




Scan 41. Michel table for Mi. 1-5.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. Michel table for 1884 issues Mi.1-5.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. Michel table for 1884 issues Mi.1-5.
One can see that the shades are important in assessing stamps.

Cancels may help in deciding shades.

The overprints are made on the PFENNIG issues from Germany.

There are also flaws on original stamps to be considered as well as the possibilities of narrow, narrower, wide and very wide stamps.

See my Germany 1875 to 1900 stamps - perforation & paper varIants for more details.

https://stampboards.com/viewtopic.php?t=82738

There are very many that might be considered and advanced literature is needed. Michel only lists a few possibilities.



Scan 42.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. Flaws table from Michel for 1^884 stamps.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. Flaws table from Michel for 1^884 stamps.





Here is a graphic explaining width variants from thread named above.

Scan 43. Graphic explaining width variants from thread named above.
Graphic showing differentiation of width variants for PFENNIGE and PFENNIF a stamps. The German words for the stamps are used.<br />B = Wide = breite <br />C = Narrow =schmale<br />D = Wider = verbreiterte<br />CE = Narrower = verschmälerte
Graphic showing differentiation of width variants for PFENNIGE and PFENNIF a stamps. The German words for the stamps are used.
B = Wide = breite
C = Narrow =schmale
D = Wider = verbreiterte
CE = Narrower = verschmälerte




Scan 44. Example of narrow stamp from scan 40.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. 1884 narrow stamp (C)
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. 1884 narrow stamp (C)
Unusual in having 12 perforation holes on top and 13 on bottom?





Scan 45. Enlarged images Mi.1-5.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. Enlarged images Mi.1-5.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. Enlarged images Mi.1-5.
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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by johnrcrow »

Scan 46.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. 1889 Mi. 6-10
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. 1889 Mi. 6-10



Scan 47.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. Mi table 1889 Mi. 6-10
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. Mi table 1889 Mi. 6-10

Scan 48.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. 1889 Mi. 6-10 flaws table Michel
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. 1889 Mi. 6-10 flaws table Michel
Many potential flaws e.g. see my `Germany: plate flaws of 1889 Krone/Adler 10 Pfennig issues`.

https://stampboards.com/viewtopic.php?p=3648853#p3648853

Again the shade interpretation needs work as it affects greatly the CV.
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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by johnrcrow »

Scan 49. REICHPOST issues.1900. MI. 12-23.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. 1900-1904. Mi. 12-23.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. 1900-1904. Mi. 12-23.





Scan 50.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. 1900-1904. Table for Mi. 12-23
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. 1900-1904. Table for Mi. 12-23




Scan 51.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. 1900-1904. Mi. 12-23 variants/flaws.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. 1900-1904. Mi. 12-23 variants/flaws.




Scan 52.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. 1900-1904. Mi. 12-23 variants.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. 1900-1904. Mi. 12-23 variants.
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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by johnrcrow »

Scan 53.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. 1905. Mi. 24-35.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. 1905. Mi. 24-35.





Scan 54.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. 1905. Michel table Mi. 24-35.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. 1905. Michel table Mi. 24-35.








Scan 55.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. 1905-1913 Mi. 36-47. Watermarked.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. 1905-1913 Mi. 36-47. Watermarked.




Scan 56.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. Michel table 1905-1913 Mi. 36-47. Watermarked.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. Michel table 1905-1913 Mi. 36-47. Watermarked.
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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by johnrcrow »

Scan 57. German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. 1908. Michel table Mi. 48-52.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. 1908. Michel table Mi. 48-52.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. 1908. Michel table Mi. 48-52.




Scan 58. German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. 1908. Michel table Mi. 48-52.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. 1908. Michel table Mi. 48-52.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. 1908. Michel table Mi. 48-52.
Next onto the German Colonies.
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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by 60366 »

John, thank you for your comments.
First I’ll show a few of the German Post Offices in the Ottoman Empre forerunners, as identified by their cancellations.
27F0608E-D7C1-4E61-852F-5F9DB55DD846.jpeg
20C2FA3F-B3D5-4D2A-922A-34886BD504AD.jpeg
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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by 60366 »

A few cancellations from Constantinople (Istanbul).
61530ED7-E534-45A2-9116-CF199AD1A89D.jpeg
Besides Constantinople , there were German Post Offices in Beirut, Jaffa, Jersulalem and Smyrna(Izmir). Examples of cancellations from each of these offices.
1E7738F3-5045-4CD4-B81A-001FCAF29073.jpeg
Postcards mailed from the Beirut Post Offices to France. Rated at 10 para.
157BB4B0-A1FF-425C-A42A-C8C49851454A.jpeg
3F2AD592-6179-4909-AB5E-E49BFB30B8C6.jpeg
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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by johnrcrow »

Excellent adjunct to thread 60366, you seem to have a great collection.

John
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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by johnrcrow »

Here, of interest is Mi 3´s showing a Mi.3b blue OP.

A completely different OP for the Mi.3b being blue, as well as different `1´ and script and shade.

Scan 59.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. Comparison of Mi. 3 stamps showing Mi.3b.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. Comparison of Mi. 3 stamps showing Mi.3b.


Scan 60. Enhanced >Scan 59 (increased saturation to 100%).
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. Comparison of Mi. 3 stamps. Scanned enhanced to highlight blue cancel<br />of 3b.
German Foreign Offices Turkey postage stamps. Comparison of Mi. 3 stamps. Scanned enhanced to highlight blue cancel
of 3b.
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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by David Benson »

The Blue overprint is a forgery.

The stamp was originally used in Schlochau, then in Prussia, Germany, now in Poland.

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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by johnrcrow »

Thank you David.

I originally put ´for comment` on the scans; on reflection it does appear very contrived.

Thank you for clarification.

Any idea why this would be forged and cancelled, I presume in Poland?

Any one with a true, blue ,OP, on a 3b?

John
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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by johnrcrow »

I will now show all my recent scans of the German Colonies. I will then go into more detail for each.

In this way, one can get an idea of the commonality of the issuesand of course what is missing!

Scan 61. Cameroon.
German Colonies Postage stamps. Cameroon.
German Colonies Postage stamps. Cameroon.





Scan 62. German East Africa Page 1.
German Colonies Postage stamps. German East Africa Page 1.
German Colonies Postage stamps. German East Africa Page 1.


Scan 63. German East Africa Page 2.
German Colonies Postage stamps. German East Africa Page 2.
German Colonies Postage stamps. German East Africa Page 2.





Scan 64. Caroline Islands.

German Colonies Postage stamps. Caroline Islands.
German Colonies Postage stamps. Caroline Islands.




Scan 65. Kiauchau Page 1.
German Colonies Postage stamps. Kiauchau Page 1.
German Colonies Postage stamps. Kiauchau Page 1.



Scan 66. Kiauchau Page 2.
German Colonies Postage stamps. Kiauchau Page 2.
German Colonies Postage stamps. Kiauchau Page 2.
Last edited by johnrcrow on 29 Nov 2022 03:30, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by johnrcrow »

Scan 67. Marianas Islands
German Colonies Postage stamps. Marianas Islands.
German Colonies Postage stamps. Marianas Islands.






Scan 68. Marshall Isands
German Colonies Postage stamps. Marshall Islands.
German Colonies Postage stamps. Marshall Islands.





Scan 69. Samoa
German Colonies Postage stamps. Samoa.
German Colonies Postage stamps. Samoa.








Scan 70. Togo.
German Colonies Postage stamps. Togo.
German Colonies Postage stamps. Togo.







Scan 71. German South West Africa Page 1.
German Colonies Postage stamps. German South West Africa Page 1.
German Colonies Postage stamps. German South West Africa Page 1.



Scan 72. German South West Africa Page 2.

German Colonies Postage stamps. German South West Africa Page 2.
German Colonies Postage stamps. German South West Africa Page 2.
Last edited by johnrcrow on 29 Nov 2022 03:33, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by johnrcrow »

Scan 73. German New Guinea.
German Colonies Postage stamps. German New Guinea.
German Colonies Postage stamps. German New Guinea.
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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by David Benson »

John Crow,

The forger just used a common used stamp which was cancelled in Prussia and added the overprint, most probably from a home made handstamp,

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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by johnrcrow »

I was wondering why bother with this crudity? Who was the target the forgery?

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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by David Benson »

A novice collector,

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Re: My German colonies and Post Offices abroad

Post by johnrcrow »

Lovely answer David.

I am partial to ´collecting` such forgeries, either by accident, as a victim (eg., the Turkey stamp) or in full knowledge of their development (as with many of my Japanese stamps).

Chasing down the forger is part of my enjoyment. All helps to nail the genuine article.

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